Essay: Cybercrime

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  • Subject area(s): Computer science essays
  • Reading time: 4 minutes
  • Price: Free download
  • Published on: September 8, 2017
  • File format: Text
  • Number of pages: 2
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The 177 Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Philippines offering their services to the country boosted the internet users range to 33.6 million. With a large growth contributed by internet cafes which lead to increase number of small and medium enterprises (SMEs).For many years, Philippines has been considered as a haven for crime committed online compare to other developed countries with cyber warfare. In the year 2000, the infamous “I love you” virus source was trace back in the country. The person behind it was caught. With the lack of policies and legislation of the government on cybercrime the creator of the “I love you” virus was released from jail promptly due to no case was filed against him. (Department of Justice, 2012)
 
As of September 12, 2012, President Benigno Aquino III signed the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 into law. People who are using internet such as blog and social networking sites are now at risk of violating the cybercrime law. (Human Rights Watch, 2012).

Cyber espionage was considered a massive threat to manufacturing sectors and small business due to its increased surge of 42% during 2012 compare to 2011. According to Symantec Internet Threat Report (ISTR) a top growing trends organization in the country, the Philippines was ranked 39th among other countries on internet threat activities. The targeted attacks were growing, from 7 to 82 per day mostly from mobile threats, malware attacks and data breaches by the end of 2011. Reported attacks primarily used social engineering and customized malware to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information. (Department of Justice, 2012).

The researchers have gathered a report from Philippine National Police (PNP) and Anti-Cybercrime Group (ACG) on the incidents of cybercrime in the year 2013 and 2014 (See Appendix A). From this, it can be seen that in the year 2013, incidents of cybercrime were high for the month of April, October and November which had an average of 38, 41 and 42 respectively. The month of March had the lowest with 5 incidents. For the year 2014, the total number of incidents increased to 614 which was three times higher than 2013 with only 288 incidents.

A Distribution of Cybercrime for the year 2014 based on the report of the PNP and ACG, the largest percentage comes from the Internet Fraud that has 22% followed by Libel Issues that has 16% of the graph. The other cases are the R.A 9995 (Anti-Photo and Voyeurism Act of 2009) which is 11% part of the graph, 10% comes from Harassment Threat, Identity Theft 9%, R.A 8792 (Electronic Commerce Act of 2000) 8%, Sextortion/Referred Cases 7%, R.A 8484(Access Devices Regulation Act of 1998) 4%, R.A 9262 (Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children) 1%, ATM Fraud 1%, Credit Card Fraud 1%, R.A 7610 Child Abuse Law and, Others 5% (See Appendix B).

A study made by Global Web Index, a world’s largest market research study on the digital consumers (See Appendix C). Philippines is ranked 6th out of 32 countries with a 31% of internet penetration in the world age 16 to 24.

A report made by comScore, an internet technology company that measures the activity of internet user as they navigate through digital world. Indicates that the majority online users in Southeast Asia are under the age of 35. 71% of Philippines internet audience is between 15 and 34 of age (See Appendix D).

A cybercrime such as computer-related fraud, computer-related identity theft, spamming and cybersex can be penalized through a long term imprisonment. A simple like, tweet, share and comment may violate the cybercrime law. (Meruenas, 2014).

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