Criminology is the study of all aspects of crime and the criminal justice system. Basically, the main goal of criminology is to reveal and solve the complex of any crime. Nowadays, media plays a big role in serving this kind of violence among children, most of time they watch any movie, television shows and video games have violence and such kind of crime. This paper concern about the problem frame, features and theories of moral panic, offenders, victims and law enforcement portrayed by media.
Especially, the newspapers and the television news programs determine that crime is primary source of news media. People watch television news or read newspapers because they have more concern about the crimes happening in their societies. Because of this, media or news channels focus on the various ways to represent their material and find different kinds of crime stories. As well as, crime news are also a way of entertainment, most of time people use to view crime news on television and on social sites they use to follow various news channels where they get updates. Sometimes, public use internet to browse crime stories and read crime novels.
Moreover, Erich Goode and Nachman Ben-Yehuda (1994) set some theories and features to differentiate between legitimate social problems of people concern and moral panics stirred up by moral entrepreneurs and the media. According to Erich Goode and Nachman Ben-Yehuda, moral panic is characterized by five features as follows:-
1. Concern: A “heightened level of concern” about any problem is often spread by involvement of media, action groups or legislative initiatives.
2. Hostility: An “increased level of hostility” toward the enemy or the target group is harmful or threatening to the values, beliefs and morals to the normal society. If anyone has peak level of hostility it is always harmful for the person as well as the society which increase the violence among the society.
3. Consensus: consensus is some sort of agreement that all are agree for that thing. For instance if a group is going to movie first they have to reach consensus or agreement for movie. As well as, society members should have some sort of ‘consensus’ among the society that any threat which is occurred by wrong intention is real and serious. And society should take steps toward it.
4. Volatility: Volatility is like any problem suddenly come one day and be a huge problem and even no one can find the solution. But, after some time it disappear without any reason and valid explanation that why it come and become a big problem and one day it vanish and no longer a problem from next day.
5. Disproportionality: the concern level disproportionate to the actual seriousness of the threat; the level of concern is not common, and there is no evidence or little evidence of a real threat.
Erich Goode and Nachman Ben-Yehuda also proposed three theories to explain why moral panics derived:-
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