Essay: Mechanical Cleansing of a water Tank

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ABSTRACT

It is said that third world war will be for water. Water is very precious
source for survival of mankind and it cannot be produced. In our daily life
we are getting water from the water tank. So cleaning of water tank is
very necessary from hygienic point of view. Cleaning of water tank is
done periodically once in a year which is quite a long time. Due to this so
much quantity of water gets polluted and water born diseases causes.
(Around 60%).Contamination of the water is major cause of illness to
mankind and water getting contaminated mostly through improper
maintenance or not cleaning water tank at regular intervals. Automated
water tank cleaning enables to save time and money. Besides there, here
it is no need for you to get down into the water tank to clean it.

Manually cleaning process take lots of water .i.e. via water jet etc… So to
eliminate this we are planning to apply MECHANICAL CLEANSING
OF WATER TANK. In this project we will try to make a device which
will clean water without investing more amount of energy. A prototype
will be developed at lab scale and experiments will be carried out in
laboratory at institute. So the main aim is to provide the techno
economical solution for water tank cleaning.

INTRODUCTION

In this project the proposed system is to replace the manual work in tank cleaning by
automated system. Now-a- days even though automation plays an essential role in all
over applications in the proper cleaning of tank still a challenging task.
Page | 2

1.1) WHY WE SELECTED THIS PROJECT?

‘ Automatic tank Water cleaning and Control System Using auto
mechanism proposed to beat the real time problems.
‘ Due to continuous increase in population ,the need of water storage is
increasing. With increase in storage water sedimentation problem
increases simultaneously, to overcome this problem we proposed this
system.
‘ The waste and sediments produced from the tanks are very harmful to
human beings and to the environment. Our proposed system is to cleaning
and control the
‘ Water contamination level using auto mechanism technique.
‘ Auto mechanism is the major controlling unit and the contamination level
is monitor by municipal. The Device Is Place Across water tank, So That
Only water passes through the filter media and waste particles removed.
‘ To overcome this problem and to protect human life we implement a
design’ Automatic Cleaning System’. We designed our project to use this
in efficient way to control the turbidity of water and with regular filtration
of water, clearance of silt particles and monitor the disposal in frequent
manner.
Page | 3
1.2) CHALLENGES TO THIS PROJECT
Tank cleaners can be classified in two categories: chemical, or device. We are using
one system that is used for continuous cleaning of water tank.
Main Challenges are:
‘ Design the Project
‘ Using Automatic system
‘ Handling must be easy
‘ Must having Higher efficiency
‘ Easy to conveyance
‘ Works in real conditions
‘ Design and Development
‘ Speed control failure
‘ Tank Size and shape
‘ Material used for filtration
Page | 4
1.3) AIM AND OBJECTIVE
The main objective of this research work is to study the fabrication of the Project
which is completely works on the Automatic Technology.
The project interfaces.
1. Design Module
2. Manufacturing Module
Main Objectives are:
‘ Design project which works automatically
‘ Easy to controlling
‘ Higher efficiency
‘ Easy to conveyance
‘ Works in every kind of tank (i.e. any shape and size)
‘ System is compact and easily assembled
‘ Initial cost is less.
‘ Absence of linkage
Page | 5
1.4) WORKING PRINCIPLE
‘ Automatic dirt removal from tank using auto mechanism proposed to
overcome the real time problems. Without manual effort, the problem of waste
water must be removed due to the increasing disease problems from industries
of the surrounding environment.
‘ The dirt accumulate at the bottom of the tank is quite injurious to human
beings and to the environment.
‘ Our proposed system is to clean the tank and control the turbid level using
auto mechanism system. Auto mechanism is the major controlling unit.
‘ In this system we used motor, rollers, filter-belt, battery, frame.
‘ The device is place across tank so that only water flow through filter media.
‘ Waste like dirt, etc. Floating in water are lifted by rotating system which is
connected to frame.
‘ This frame is attached by fixture and fastenings driven by motor (@7rpm).
The energy provided to motor
‘ from battery.
‘ When motor runs the rollers starts to circulate the filter media to absorb the
dirt. The waste particles are lifted and removed out of the tank.
Page | 6
Fig. ‘ 1 Block Diagram
1.5) ADVANTAGES OF THIS MODULE
‘ Production cost is one time investment.
‘ No need of purchase special machine.
‘ It is mainly very useful to continuous cleaning.
‘ Its operated and maintenance is simple.
‘ It is compact and portable.
‘ It can be efficiently used.
‘ Easy to operate and user friendly
‘ Maintenances cost is low
‘ Easy to assemble.
Page | 7
1.6) LIMITATIONS
‘ There are some obstructions in tank while assembling the system. .
‘ Small vibration occurs due to water entry into tank.
‘ In order to eliminate vibration the machine should be properly foundation
with the floor.
‘ Accuracy in Calculation of size & shape of the tank of the proposed
system.
‘ Initial cost is more & required to replace the filter belt periodically.
Page | 8
Chapter ‘ 2
LITERATURE REVIEW
Name Of
Tank
Source of
Water
Capacity
of Tank
Area Under
Distribution
Volume of
Sedimentation
Accumulate
Cleaning
Interval
Ajwa
water tank
Mahisagarraykadevka

French well
and Ajwa
lake
3600000
liters per
sump ( two
sumps )
3 km
periphery 80 m3 1.5 years
Karelibaug
water tank
Mahisagarraykadevka

French well
3500000
liters per
sump and
1800000
liters of
O.H.T
2.5 km
periphery 50m3 1 year
Nalanda
Water tank Ajwa lake 3500000
liters sump
3 km
periphery 67m3 1 year
SR.NO NAME OF
AUTHOR YEAR JOURNAL VOL. PAGE
NO.
1.
Pramod B.
Jachak, Suyog
P. Gaikwad
, Sumit S.
Ghotekar,
Vivek
N. Mahale
2016
Imperial Journal
of
Interdisciplinary
Research (IJIR)
Vol-2,
Issue-4 151-153
Hence we can implement a new thought for wireless robot control system which will
clean water tank effectively without any human intervention in addition to that it will
also save manual work, avoid hazards. This automated task is efficient to brush up
impure water or bacteria at the bottom of water tank and suction the impure water for
proper reuse or disposal.
Page | 9
SR.NO NAME OF
AUTHOR YEAR JOURNAL VOL. PAGE
NO.
2.
Ayazhussain
M. Jabar,
H. S. Patel 2012
International
Journal of
Advanced
Engineering
Research and
Studies
Vol. I/
Issue III 293-296
In empty condition, higher base shear for cross bracing pattern in Loma Prieta time
history.
For Kobe earthquake, lower base shear and overturning moment in cross bracing and
radial bracing pattern respectively in empty condition. In case of half- full condition,
lowest base shear and overturning moment for Radial Bracing in Loma Prieta and
Kobe earthquake intensity respectively.
Page | 10
Chapter ‘ 3
PROJECT PLANNING
3.1) PROJECT PLANNING TABLE
MONTH WORKING STATUS
Jul-16 Searching for project title & literature survey Done
Aug-16 Basic fundaments and Design Done
Sep-16 Collection of information from design book Done
Oct-16 Learning design Done
Nov-16 Finalizing Design Done
Dec-16 Project Report formation Done
Jan-17 Project Viva Done
Feb-17 Learning Manufacturing system Done
Mar-17 Purchasing components of the project Done
Apr-17 Start Manufacturing and Assembly Done
May-17 Report Writing Done
Page | 11
Chapter – 4
PMMS ACTIVITIES
4.1 Periodical Project Report ‘ 1
Periodical Project Report ‘ 2
Periodical Project Report ‘ 3
Periodical Project Report ‘ 4
3/29/2017 Periodic Progress Report (PPR) Details
1/2
PRINT BACK
Enrollment No : 140953106008 College : Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe
Technical Campus,Vadodara
Student Name : Rasaniya Satyam Kamleshkumar Department : Civil Engineering
Mobile No : 9033248771 Discipline : BE
Email : [email protected] Semester : Semester 8
PPR Details
Time Interval : ”
Periodic Progess Report : First PPR
Project
:
Design Of Mechanical Cleansing Of Water Tank
Status : Reviewed (Freeze)
1. What Progress you have made in the Project ?
we are learning another techniques of cleaning of water tank which may use currently on field,to compare our technique &
get feedback of peoples.
2. What challenge you have faced ?
To apply our technique in the public water supply scheme is little bit challenging for us.As we have done some experiments
on smaller scale only.so we are working on it to overcome this challenge.
3. What support you need ?
every thing is up to the mark right now, although we need public support to accept our technique.
4. Which literature you have referred ?
We are going to referring the IS:13920 code as our project is concern with the design of water tank.
Comments
Comment by Internal Guide :
3/29/2017 Periodic Progress Report (PPR) Details
2/2
reviwed
Comment by External Guide :
None
Comment by HOD :
reviwed
Comment by Principal :
None
Comment by University Admin :
None
3/29/2017 Periodic Progress Report (PPR) Details
1/2
PRINT BACK
Enrollment No : 140953106010 College : Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe
Technical Campus,Vadodara
Student Name : Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar Department : Civil Engineering
Mobile No : 7405066216 Discipline : BE
Email : [email protected] Semester : Semester 8
PPR Details
Time Interval : 34 days, 3 hours
Periodic Progess Report : Second PPR
Project
:
Design Of Mechanical Cleansing Of Water Tank
Status : Reviewed (Freeze)
1. What Progress you have made in the Project ?
we are learning another techniques of cleaning of water tank which may use currently on field,to compare our technique &
get feedback of peoples.
2. What challenge you have faced ?
To apply our technique in the public water supply scheme is little bit challenging for us.As we have done some experiments
on smaller scale only.so we are working on it to overcome this challenge.
3. What support you need ?
Every thing is up to the mark right now, although we need public support to accept our technique
4. Which literature you have referred ?
We are going to referring the IS:13920 code as our project is concern with the design of water tank.
Comments
Comment by Internal Guide :
3/29/2017 Periodic Progress Report (PPR) Details
2/2
reviwed
Comment by External Guide :
None
Comment by HOD :
reviwed
Comment by Principal :
None
Comment by University Admin :
None
3/29/2017 Periodic Progress Report (PPR) Details
1/2
PRINT BACK
Enrollment No : 140953106010 College : Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe
Technical Campus,Vadodara
Student Name : Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar Department : Civil Engineering
Mobile No : 7405066216 Discipline : BE
Email : [email protected] Semester : Semester 8
PPR Details
Time Interval : 10 days, 21 hours
Periodic Progess Report : Third PPR
Project
:
Design Of Mechanical Cleansing Of Water Tank
Status : Reviewed (Freeze)
1. What Progress you have made in the Project ?
visited storage tank site and collected the various useful data required for our project.
2. What challenge you have faced ?
Settling our project in the existing project while keeping the project economical.
3. What support you need ?
Material and Mechanism related help.
4. Which literature you have referred ?
various tank cleaning techniques, harmful bacteria tap water may carry.
Comments
Comment by Internal Guide :
reviwed
3/29/2017 Periodic Progress Report (PPR) Details
2/2
Comment by External Guide :
None
Comment by HOD :
reviwed
Comment by Principal :
None
Comment by University Admin :
None
3/29/2017 Periodic Progress Report (PPR) Details
1/2
PRINT BACK
Enrollment No : 140953106008 College : Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe
Technical Campus,Vadodara
Student Name : Rasaniya Satyam Kamleshkumar Department : Civil Engineering
Mobile No : 9033248771 Discipline : BE
Email : [email protected] Semester : Semester 8
PPR Details
Time Interval : 10 days, 22 hours
Periodic Progess Report : Forth PPR
Project
:
Design Of Mechanical Cleansing Of Water Tank
Status : Reviewed (Freeze)
1. What Progress you have made in the Project ?
we are learning another techniques of cleaning of water tank which may use currently on field,to compare our technique &
get feedback of peoples.
2. What challenge you have faced ?
To apply our technique in the public water supply scheme is little bit challenging for us.As we have done some experiments
on smaller scale only.so we are working on it to overcome this challenge.
3. What support you need ?
every thing is up to the mark right now, although we need public support to accept our technique.
4. Which literature you have referred ?
We are going to referring the IS:13920 code as our project is concern with the design of water tank.
Comments
Comment by Internal Guide :
3/29/2017 Periodic Progress Report (PPR) Details
2/2
reviwed
Comment by External Guide :
None
Comment by HOD :
reviwed
Comment by Principal :
None
Comment by University Admin :
None
Page | 12
4.2 Patent Search & Analysis Report ‘ 1
Patent Search & Analysis Report ‘ 2
Patent Search & Analysis Report ‘ 3
Patent Search & Analysis Report ‘ 4
Patent Search & Analysis Report ‘ 5
GIC Patent Drafting Exercise Team ID: 75872
GTU Innovation Council
Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE)
FORM 1 (FOR OFFICE USE ONLY)
THE PATENTS ACT 1970 Application No:
(39 OF 1970) Filing Date:
& Amount of Fee paid:
THE PATENTS RULES, 2003 CBR No:___________________
APPLICATION FOR GRANT OF PATENT
1. Applicant(s) :
ID Name Nationality Address Mobile No. Email
1 Thakkar Jigna
Vijaykumar
Indian Civil Engineering ,
Institute Of Technology &
Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
7405066216 [email protected]
om
2 Rasaniya Satyam
Kamleshkumar
Indian Civil Engineering ,
Institute Of Technology &
Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
9033248771 [email protected]
.com
3 Thakkar Kaushal
Dilipbhai
Indian Civil Engineering ,
Institute Of Technology &
Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
9409031040 [email protected]
oo.com
4 Shiba Suman Indian Civil Engineering ,
Institute Of Technology &
Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
7359475225 [email protected]
om
2. Inventor(s):
ID Name Nationality Address Mobile No. Email
1 Thakkar Jigna
Vijaykumar
Indian Civil Engineering ,
Institute Of Technology &
Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
7405066216 [email protected]
om
2 Rasaniya Satyam
Kamleshkumar
Indian Civil Engineering ,
Institute Of Technology &
Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
9033248771 [email protected]
.com
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 1
3 Thakkar Kaushal
Dilipbhai
Indian Civil Engineering ,
Institute Of Technology &
Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
9409031040 [email protected]
oo.com
4 Shiba Suman Indian Civil Engineering ,
Institute Of Technology &
Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
7359475225 [email protected]
om
3. Title of Invention/Project:
Design Of Mechanical Cleansing Of Water Tank
4. Address for correspondence of applicant/authorized patent agent in india
Name: Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar
Address: Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical Campus,Vadodara , Gujarat
Technological University.
Mobile: 7405066216
Email ID: [email protected]
5. Priority particulars of the application(S) field in convention country
Country Application No. Filing Date Name of the Applicant Title of the Invention
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
6. Particulars for filing patent co-operation treaty (pct) national phase Application
International application number International filing date as alloted by the receiving office
N/A N/A
7. Particulars for filing divisional application
Original(First) Application Number Date of filing of Original (first) application
N/A N/A
8. Particulars for filing patent of addition
Original(First) Application Number Date of filing of Original (first) application
N/A N/A
9. DECLARATIONS:
(i) Declaration by the inventor(s)
I/We, the above named inventor(s) is/are true & first inventor(s) for this invention and declare that the applicant(s).
herein is/are my/our assignee or legal representative.
Date : 29 – March – 2017
Name Signature & Date
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 2
1 Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar ______________
2 Rasaniya Satyam Kamleshkumar ______________
3 Thakkar Kaushal Dilipbhai ______________
4 Shiba Suman ______________
(ii) Declaration by the applicant(s) in the convention country
I/We, the applicant (s) in the convention country declare that the applicant(s) herein is/are my/our assignee or legal
representative.applicant(s)
(iii) Declaration by the applicant(s)
I/We, the applicant(s) hereby declare(s) that:-
I am/We in possession of the above mentioned invention.
The provisional/complete specification relating to the invention is filed with this aplication.
The invention as disclosed in the spcification uses the biological material from India and the necessary
permission from the competent authority shall be submitted by me/us before the grant of patent to me/us.
There is no lawful ground of objection to the grant of the patent to me/us.
I am/we are the assignee or the legal representative of true & first inventors.
The application or each of the application,particulars of each are given in the para 5 was the first applicatin
in the convention country/countries in respect of my/our invention.
I/we claim the priority from the above mentioned applications(s) filed in the convention country/countries &
state that no application for protection in respect of invention had been made in a convention country before
that date by me/us or by any person
My/Our application in india is based on international application under Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) as
mentioned in para 6
The application is divided out of my/our application(s) particulars of which are given in para 7 and pray that
this application may be treated as deemed to have been filed on ___________under section 16 of the Act.
The said invention is an improvement in or modification of the invention particulars of ehivh are given in para
8.
10. Following are the attachments with the application:
(a) Provisional specification/Complete specification
(b) Complete specification(In confirmation with the international application) / as amended before the
international Preliminary Examination Authority (IPEA),as applicable(2 copies),No.of pages…..No.of
claims…..
(c) Drawings (In confirmation with the international application)/as amended before the international
Preliminary Examination Authority(IPEA),as applicable(2 copies),No.of sheets….
(d) Priority documents
(e) Translations of priority documents/specification/international search reports
(f) Statement and undertaking on Form 3
(g) Power of Authority
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 3
(h) Declaration of inventorship on Form 5
(i) Sequence listing in electronic Form
(j) …………………………………. Fees Rs.XXX in Cash /Cheque/Bank Draft bearin No.XXX Date: XXX on XXX
Bank.
I/We hereby declare that to the best of my /our knowledge, information and belief the fact and mtters
stated herein are correct and I/We request that a patent may be granted to me/us for the said invention.
Dated this 29 day of March , 2017
Name Signature & Date
1 Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar ______________
2 Rasaniya Satyam Kamleshkumar ______________
3 Thakkar Kaushal Dilipbhai ______________
4 Shiba Suman ______________
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 4
GIC Patent Drafting Exercise Team ID: 75872
FORM 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 OF 1970)
&
THE PATENTS RULES, 2003
PROVISIONAL SPECIFICATION
1. Title of the project/invention :
Design Of Mechanical Cleansing Of Water Tank
2. Applicant(s) :
1) (a) NAME : Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar
(b) NATIONALITY : Indian
(c) ADDRESS : Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara , Gujarat Technologycal University.
2) (a) NAME : Rasaniya Satyam Kamleshkumar
(b) NATIONALITY : Indian
(c) ADDRESS : Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara , Gujarat Technologycal University.
3) (a) NAME : Thakkar Kaushal Dilipbhai
(b) NATIONALITY : Indian
(c) ADDRESS : Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara , Gujarat Technologycal University.
4) (a) NAME : Shiba Suman
(b) NATIONALITY : Indian
(c) ADDRESS : Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical
Campus,Vadodara , Gujarat Technologycal University.
3. Preamble to the description :
The following specification describes the invention.
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 1
4. Description :
a. Field of Application / Project / Invention :
Auto cleansing of water tank.
b. Prior Art / Background of the Invention / References :
Manually cleaning process take lots of water .i.e. via water jet etc…So to eliminate this we are planning to apply
MECHANICAL CLEANSING OF WATER TANK. In this project we will try to make a device which will clean water
without investing more amount of energy.
c. Summary of the Invention/Project :
The present project deals with the automatic cleaning of water tank in order to reduce the turbidity level. As per the
comparison of Traditional and proposed system of Cleaning of water tank we conclude that our proposed system is
more effective and convenient.But according to the shape of the water tank design of this cleansing tool may vary.
d. Objects of the Invention/Project :
Eliminate the manpower involved.
Eliminate the risk of life faced by the workers while doing cleaning work.
Supply more hygienic water.
Cleaning process will be continuous and automatic.
PREVENT WASTAGE OF WATER.
e. Drawing(s) :
75872_Drawing1
f. Description of the Invention :
we are developing a system in which users will used the simple assembly of electric motor of 40 Hp. As a operated
device & a stretch of cotton as a main components to settle down the sediments. The arrangement should be such that
stretch of cotton will rotated at a very slow speed of 7 rpm. At periphery of the tank. Thus the particles get settle down
on the cotton will bring out by means of motor.
The power required for operate the motor will get from the solar panels fixed on the top of the overhead tank &
surrounded area of the sump so it should be proved economical & convenient technique.
g. Examples :
h. Unique Features of the Project :
It will work AUTOMATICALLY.
It will work continuously.
Eliminate the need of manpower.
No danger.
No such cost except Initial setting cost .
Will maintain the initial storage capacity.
Their will be no such wastage.
5. Date & Signature :
Date :29 – March – 2017
____________________ ____________________
Sign and Date Sign and Date
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 2
Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar Rasaniya Satyam
Kamleshkumar
____________________ ____________________
Sign and Date Sign and Date
Thakkar Kaushal Dilipbhai Shiba Suman
6. Abstract of the project / invention :
It is said that third world war will be for water. Water is very precious source for survival of mankind and it cannot be
produced. In our daily life we are getting water from the water tank. So cleaning of water tank is very necessary from
hygienic point of view. Cleaning of water tank is done periodically once in a year which is quite a long time. Due to this so
much quantity of water gets polluted and water born diseases causes. (Around 60%).Contamination of the water is major
cause of illness to mankind and water getting contaminated mostly through improper maintenance or not cleaning water
tank at regular intervals. Automated water tank cleaning enables to save time and money. Besides there, here it is no
need for you to get down into the water tank to clean it.
Drawing Attachments :
75872_Drawing1
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 3
GIC Patent Drafting Exercise Team ID: 75872
FORM 3
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 OF 1970)
&
THE PATENTS RULES, 2003
STATEMENT AND UNDERTAKING UNDER SECTION 8
1. Declaration :
I/We, Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar ,
Rasaniya Satyam Kamleshkumar ,
Thakkar Kaushal Dilipbhai ,
Shiba Suman
2. Name, Address and Nationality of the joint Applicant :
Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar ( Indian )
Address :Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
Rasaniya Satyam Kamleshkumar ( Indian )
Address :Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
Thakkar Kaushal Dilipbhai ( Indian )
Address :Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
Shiba Suman ( Indian )
Address :Civil Engineering , Institute Of Technology & Management, Universe Technical Campus,Vadodara ,
Gujarat Technologycal University.
Here by declare :
(i) that I/We have not made any application for the same/substantially the same invention outside India.
(ii) that the right in the application(s) has/have been assigned to,
Name of the
Country
Date of
Application
Application
Number
Status of the
Application
Date of
Publication
Date of Grant
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
(iii) that I/We undertake that up to the date of grant of patent by the Controller , I/We would keep him inform in writing the
details regarding corresponding application(s) for patents filed outside India within 3 months from the date of filing of
such application.
Dated this 29 day of March , 2017
3. Signature of Applicants :
____________________ ____________________
Sign and Date Sign and Date
Thakkar Jigna Vijaykumar Rasaniya Satyam
Kamleshkumar
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 1
____________________ ____________________
Sign and Date Sign and Date
Thakkar Kaushal Dilipbhai Shiba Suman
To
The Controller of Patent
The Patent Office, at Mumbai.
Note : This is just a mock Patent Drafting Exercise (PDE) for semester 8, BE students of GTU.These documents
are not to be submitted with any patent office.
Page 2
Page | 13
Chapter ‘ 5
METHODOLOGY
5.1 WHAT IS METHODOLOGY?
5.1.1. Introduction
The methodology is a process for implementation and developing the project.
The goal and the successfulness of the project is depends on how the plans is
conduct to achieve the result. Methodology is to describe the each step to
accomplish the continuity of the flow work from the beginning until the result
which is obtained and success. All the results obtain were figured out and
improved till the best result came out and to be taken. This implementation
would be and getting the worst result where try and error is happens here.
Where any ideal decision may again consider and repeating to satisfy the best
result.
5.2 Project Outline
Phase of process promoting and fabricating. Discuss about the theories review,
calculation, specifications of project and etc. In order to achieve all this, the
following methods are to be followed closely during the execution of the
project to achieve the objective.
‘ Understand the objective of the project and search for the best result to
solve the problem statement.
‘ Study the literature review and analyze what implementation can be
made to this project. All information gathered together from the
various sources such as common internet website sources, journals,
books, written articles, paper, blogs, video site and any medium and
resources.
Page | 14
‘ Study and analyze all information and data collected from various
references and related to with objective of the project. Classify and to
understand the project requirement.
‘ Experimentation and mirroring where certain experiments are essential
to be done in order to collect and to take note the data and record for
betterment.
‘ Generate conceptual selection of design and concept where meet the
characteristic require and final conceptual design is obtain.
‘ Stage of detail design process where concept will be enlarged and
optimized if there is incapacity and problems to produce the final
design.
‘ Fabrication and implementations is happen here where it will be cause
to grow and brought to life from the detail design drawing that have
chosen.
‘ The last process is product realization and check where it will be send
to performed and enter the competition whether the product achieve
the goals of the project
Page | 15
5.3 Flow Chart
Page | 16
5.4. Research
In research section, there are consist of three element involve which can be
used to conduct the project research. Where method to conduct for each one of
element is different. Research through the website is the best alternative in
which much information can be found and collected. In addition, information
regarding the competition date and venue last well-known also can be tell.
There are a number of books where related with research objectives and can
be used as a guide for completing the report and the fabrication process. Also
for validity, the journals are related can also be downloaded and taken as a
reference report. There are many websites that excess supply further
information in respect of project problems and how to overcome some of the
problems can be found.
Page | 17
Chapter ‘ 6
PARTS & DESIGN
6.1 COMPONENT OF THE MODULE
The components of the project which are required to design are listed below, they
are’
Page | 18
1. ROLLERS
2. BEARINGS
3. MOTOR
Page | 19
4. BATTERY
5. FILTERING MATERIAL
Page | 20
Chapter ‘ 7
CANVASES
Page | 21
7.1 Empathy
At this stage we discover & learn about the emotional aspect of our user. In order to
identify the problem, we first need to connect to our user emotionally. This stage will
involve use of empathy map.
Page | 22
7.2 Ideation
At this stage we’ll expand our list of user activities to list all possible new situations,
conditions that user faces or may face. Focus on expanding activity list at this stage
using Ideation canvas at this stage includes User Activities, Context, Location,
Situation and props. Problem is identified by random combination of the each type of
information available on Canvas. Often normal activities done under different
situations lead to problems. We’ll identify such problems at this stage. Now that
Problems have been identified, it’s time to start looking at the solutions. Using the
ideation canvas we will look at how we can ideate about solutions to the problems.
Page | 23
7.3 Product Development
Product Development: People, Purpose & Experience
Now we will start with the product development canvas. Product canvas will
require us to start building a structure of our product around the emotional
needs of the user. Building solutions around the emotive needs of user is
central to design thinking.
Product development: Product Functions & featuresIn
this section we will start making a list of what our solution does and group
it into functions & features. Functions are broad level actions of our product &
features are specific ways in which these functions are supported, powered.
We can have a single or multiple features under a function. Same feature can
power one or more function
Page | 24
Product Development: Components, Prototyping & validation
At this stage we will complete the product development tree. User Experience,
Functions, Features Components and then use the same to create initial
drawings, figures or models for our solution. This will be our prototype.
Product Development: Prototype redesign
Post receiving the customer feedback & validating or invalidating the
function, features of our solution, we will move to make changes to our
solution as per the feedback. Once we complete the redesign, we should have
our final product. In actual practice this loop or user feedback redesign should
be repeated many times. Infect repeating this loop a few times leads to better
solution design.
7.4 A-E-I-O-U OBSERVATION FRAMEWORK
A – ACTIVITIES
E – ENVIRONMENT
I – INTERACTION
O – OBSERVATION
U – USER
Page | 25
A-E-I-O-U OBSERVATION FRAMEWORK
A (Activities), E (Environment), I (Interactions), O (Objects), U (Users) is a
heuristic to help interpret observations assembled by ethnographic practice in
industry. Its two primary functions are to code data, and to develop building blocks of
models that will eventually address the objectives and issues of a client.
AEIOU framework is a key element to record the Ethnographic Observations. AEIOU
framework is used as a lens to observe the surrounding environment during field
work. Materials from observations are gathered via ethnographic methods: Notes,
Photos, Videos, Interviews, Field observations. Observations are recorded under the
appropriate headings in Notebook / Record book / Tables for observation.
Page | 26
Observation is an iterative process.Each type of Observation canvas may be in
varying numbers depending on the case under research. More numbers of these
observation records will ensure sincerity in the work as well as make sure of Novelty
in the project.Once observations are recorded, brainstorming plays an important role
in identifying the problems by taking a few questions like- What ‘ Why ‘ How ‘
When ‘ Where in mind.

BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS
FOR
MECHANICAL CLEANSING OF
WATER TANK
BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS REPORT
‘ KEY PARTNERS
‘ Investment Partners
Who provide financial support for investment, purchasing row materials, and maintenance
cost etc.
‘ Technical partner
It is Main Staff of Company Who Takes Major decisions about company.
‘ Raw material partners
It is an industry or an organization who supplies raw materials required for our product.
‘ Human Resources committee
It is a committee who recruit or remove manpower and engineers and other technical
non-technical persons for company.
‘ Marketing Partners
This Partners plays main role to advertise the product to the consumers via different
channels.
BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS REPORT
‘ KEY ACTIVITIES
‘ Manufacturing Unit
It is made of different departments which produce product by different steps
‘ Testing Unit
It is unit in which testing of product is done. It is helpful to maintain quality of product
‘ Customer Service
This department provides consumer satisfaction by giving them service like information
about product.
‘ R&D Department
This dept. is helpful to develop product as per future technologies. It takes review of
product to customers and upgrade product with new features.
‘ KEY RESOURCES
‘ Finance
It is main part through this we can buy raw-materials, develop production department,
factory, stationary, Machinery etc.
‘ Raw-material
Raw-material is a material which can be converted into product by process on it
BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS REPORT
‘ Machines and Tools
Machines and tools are used to process over raw-material to convert it into useful product
‘ Solar panels
It is useful to generate electricity.
‘ VALUE PROPOSITIONS
‘ AUTOMATICALLY
‘ EASY TO USE
‘ NO WASTE WATER
‘ SECURENESS
‘ DESIGN
‘ COST REDUCTION
‘ CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIPS
It is all about how company maintains relationship with their customers by giving them
facilities and services.
‘ Feedback & Service
It takes complains of customers and solve their problems.
BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS REPORT
‘ Maintenance
It is a facility provided by company to repair damaged or faulty product of customer in
minimum time period.
‘ Discount Schemes
It is a policy of company to give discount or any schemes to attract customers or maintain
their relationship with company
‘ Advertisements
It is a process to show feature and information about product to the customers. Via
different channels like TV, radio, posters, internet etc.
‘ CHANNELS
‘ Marketing Schemes
If company provides any discount or schemes by this customers advertise other customers.
‘ Advertising
It is a channel which connects product to the consumers.
‘ Internet
It is most used media now days. Company can advertise their product information by
internet media. Or providing information by their own website.
‘ Promotion Activities
BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS REPORT
Company can do promotion activities like social functions, social activities so consumers
aware about company.
‘ CUSTOMER SEGMENTS
‘ MASS MARKET
‘ MANUFACTURERS
Our product is helpful to manufacturers so that manufacturers can produce their equipment
with better safety and advance technology.
‘ NICHE MARKET
‘ SEGMENTED
‘ DIVERSIFIED
‘ COST STRUCTURE
‘ Service Cost
It is a cost for service the damaged product which is in warranty periods.
‘ Survey cost
‘ Maintenance cost
‘ Marketing Cost
BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS REPORT
It is cost used to marketing and advertisement of product.
‘ Internet Facility
It is extra cost for internet facility provided by company to all employees.
‘ Gifts And Schemes Cost
It is cost used in discounts or to provide gifts with the product to attract the customers.
‘ Construction cost
‘ Miscellaneous cost
Other cost like damage any machinery or equipments, guest and visitors etc.
‘ REVENUE STREAMS
‘ List price
‘ Produce feature dependent
It is cost to produce the product. Like machinery working cost, raw-material cost etc.
‘ Customer segment department
‘ Credit Card/Online Payment
It is facility provided by company in which customers can buy product or get information
about prize of product through internet.
‘ Yield management
‘ Profit
It is amount which earn by company.
Page | 27
Chapter ‘ 8
EXISTING SYSTEM OF CLEANING
‘ There is no such automated system currently available for managing &
cleaning storage tank water. Entire work needs to be done manually & when
manual work is considered, it is risky task.
‘ Considering height/Depth of the water tanks the shortage of oxygen can be
major issue. Because of this one can not guarantee complete error free work.
Working in an impure tank can be hazardous to health due to presence of
bacteria, parasites etc.
Page | 28
Existing Water Tanks and Its Cleaning Process Pictures
Page | 29
Chapter ‘ 9
PROPOSED SYSTEM
We are developing a system in which users will use the simple assembly of electric
motor. As an operated device & a stretch of cotton as a main components to settle
down the sediments. The arrangement should be such that stretch of cotton will
rotated at a very slow speed of 70 rpm, at periphery of the tank. Thus the particles get
settle down on the cotton will bring out by means of motor.
The power required for operate the motor will get from the solar panels fixed on the
top of the overhead tank & surrounded area of the sump so it should be proved
economical & convenient technique.
This will overcome the drawbacks of the previous system by eliminating manual labor
& the dirt collected from tank will be used as best manure for gardening works.
Page | 30
Chapter – 10
COMPARISON
TRADITIONAL METHOD
‘ It is done either MANUALLY, using vacuum pressure or by mini robots.
‘ Done on yearly or 4 year span.
‘ Require 20-25 manpower.
‘ Dangerous for workers.
‘ Cleaning cost is 20K – 25K.
‘ Reduce the storage capacity.
‘ Approx. 3lakh wastage of water takes place during cleaning.

Page | 31
PROPOSED METHOD
‘ It will work AUTOMATICALLY.
‘ It will work continuously.
‘ Eliminate the need of manpower.
‘ No danger.
‘ No such cost except Initial setting cost .
‘ Will maintain the initial storage capacity.
‘ Their will be no such wastage.
Page | 32
CHAPTER-11
PROTO-TYPE PROCEDURE
MATERIAL USED: We used wastage material from workshop (i.e. solid steel
cylinder, Iron strip, wooden blocks for support, tray as water tank, battery-12
Walt, Motor-7rpm),oil paint
METHODOLOGY
‘ From the waste material of workshop we took iron plates and steel pipes .
‘ We used those steel pipes as rollers and plates as supporter.
‘ We used solid steel cylinder and converted it into bearings with the help of
workshop tools.
‘ We used one motor of 7 rpm speed for rotation of filtering material at
minimum speed, so that the wastage or dust collected on filtering material
should not get mix with water again due to fluctuation.
‘ We used one plastic tray as water tank.
Page | 33
Page | 34
Chapter ‘ 12
CONCLUSION
The present project deals with the automatic cleaning of water tank in order to reduce
the turbidity level. As per the comparison of Traditional and proposed system of
Cleaning of water tank we conclude that our proposed system is more effective and
convenient.
But according to the shape of the water tank design of this cleansing tool may vary.
‘ The results emphasize the need of cleaning of water tank, from which water is
supplied to house holders or any other places. Automatic Water tank cleaning and
Control System Using auto mechanism proposed to overcome the real time
problems. With the continued use of stored water, the problem of turbid water
must be urgently resolved due to the increasing sedimentation problems from
tanks of the surrounding environment.
‘ Contaminated and turbid water is very harmful to human beings and to the
environment. Our proposed system is to cleaning and controls the turbid level
using auto mechanism technique. Auto mechanism is the major controlling unit
and the turbid level is monitor by municipal.
Page | 35
Chapter ‘ 13
REFFERENCES
[1] M. S. Triantafyllou and G. S. Triantafyllou, ‘An efficient swimming vehicle,’
[2] S. Guo, T. Fukuda, and K. Asaka, ‘A new type of fish-like underwater
microrobot’, IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 136’141, Mar.
2003.
[3] W. S. N. Trimmer and K. J. Gabriel, ‘Design considerations for a practical
electrostatic micro-motor,’ Sens. Actuators, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 189’206,1987.
[4] T. Schaub, “Spread frequency shift keying”, IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 42,
no. 2/3/4, pp. 1056-1064, 1994.
[5] Fuqin Xiong, Digital Modulation Techniques, artech house, Boston, London,
2000.

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