Industries and small production facilities also emit gases such as nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and ozone (O3) due to the combustion of fossil fuel (Phyrun, 2013). This leads to the increase of the level of air pollution. The key challenge that Cambodia’s energy sector faces is heavy dependence on fossil fuel. Most of the energy generated in Cambodia come from heavy fuel oil and diesel generators (Open Development Cambodia, 2015). Cambodia depends mainly on fossil fuel in the production of electricity. This gives rise to serious air pollution. According to the World Bank collection of development indicators, Cambodia consumed a total of 30.68 % of fossil fuel energy in 2014 (Trading Economics, n.d.). Fossil fuel consists of coal, oil, petroleum, and natural gas products. The consumption of hydro energy, wind energy and solar energy are as follow:
Hydro energy consumption (% in TFEC): 1.99 %
Wind energy consumption (% in TFEC): 0 %
Solar energy consumption (% in TFEC): 0.0115 %
(Source: Trading Economics. https://tradingeconomics.com/cambodia/fossil-fuel-energy-consumption-percent-of-total-wb-data.html )
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