Although popular, increased automobile use has resulted in a series of health and environmental issues, which are associated with air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions (Xia, 2017). Thus, sustainable transportation has lately been a significant issue on the agenda for many regions. It is a challenging task persuading the public to adopt more environmentally friendly travel behavior patterns as there are many factors that affect such travel behaviors. Issues such as unsafe pedestrian crossings, missing sidewalks, heavy truck traffic, and high speed limits are also some of the region’s infrastructure issues as they discourage residents to resort to more active modes of transportation such as walking and cycling. The implementation of the LRTP update is therefore necessary for Peel region to reduce the number of cars on the road as it significantly promotes sustainable transportation.
How it relates to debates/themes/practices of planning
Suburban developments began gaining prestige in the mid-nineteenth century and with industrialization, worsening city conditions, and improvements to transportation developed, the rise of the separation between home and work became much more evident as many of these regions were built for blue-collar workers who pursued an escape from the discomforts and perils of industrial cities (Garnett, 2007). Emphasis was decidedly on updating transportation systems, which was best captured by the 1964 Metropolitan Toronto Plan –Recommended Transportation Plan’s ambitious urban expressway proposals (Jill Grant, pg ). Almost all plans formulated during this period shared the idea of a metropolitan region where the significance of the car would blossom and where traffic would be streamed through a hierarchy of roads, along with an advanced expressway system at its pinnacle (Jill grant). Official plans and planning reports such as the LRTP are calling for a keen shift of present urban development patterns, and a departing from postwar urbanization trends. These documents promote an increase in reliance on cycling, transit, and walking whilst being committed to reduced car dependence and higher density.
Peel Region’s Transportation Planners are working alongside with residents to implement the LRTP as input from community members helps in guiding the future development of the Region.
With a wider focus on sustainable transportation, the population will reap many of the benefits as a result. An obvious benefit would be the environmental benefits of public use of transit per se, as commuters switching from driving to transit, less motorized vehicles will contribute to congestion during rush hour (jill grant). There are also benefits at the individual level, as some people seek to engage in travel activities that provide them with personal emotional, physical, or mental benefits; or makes them feel good about supporting the environment. These motivations are integrated into the concept of enjoyment and can occur both at individual and global levels including personal health (e.g., walking for physical exercise) and benefiting the natural environment (e.g., cycling to decrease tailpipe emissions and fossil fuel usage).
Another perspective to look at would be the downfalls of these alternative transportation modes. Bicycling and walking tend to be less time-competitive with motorized modes over long distances. There are also other travel barriers to cycling and walking including bad weather, hills, and heavy packages (Schneider, 2013). Environmental barriers to bicycle and pedestrian activity are related to roadway characteristics (e.g. unsafe street crossings, high automobile speeds, and higher automobile volumes), public space characteristics (e.g., few street trees, noise, and poor lighting) and lack of facilities (e.g., multi-use trails, bicycle lanes, or sidewalks) all of which the Peel Region is currently subjected to. There are also concerns about personal security (e.g., risk of being victim of crime), traffic safety (e.g., risk of being hit by vehicle) and socioeconomic characteristics (e.g., physical disabilities) which must all be considered in the Long-Range Transportation Plan.
With this discussion, it can be easily understood that focusing on a single step, such as adding bike lanes to the roads and expecting there to be an increase in cyclists without first reducing speed limits, may do little to reduce automobile use and does not suffice to the degree that is necessary to cultivate active transportation (Penalosa). The LRTP must be develop comprehensive approaches that address enjoyment, basic safety and security concerns, convenience and cost, and habits and it is with these approaches that there will become potential to increase sustainable transportation (Schneider).
The fact that suburbs like Brampton are primarily residential (Forsyth, 2012) make it difficult for residents to maneuver throughout as it lacks adequacy in the necessary infrastructure is required to accommodate a population engaged it modes of active transportation. If the organizational facilities and structures were more abundant, as is the case in high density cities such as Toronto, more people would be willing to ditch the automobile and switch to active transportation modes.
Due to this dependence on automobiles, suburbs are beginning to incorporate more urban features
development of accessible infrastructure as is the case in high-density cities such as Toronto, and…
The suburbs have been defined as car-dependent, spread-out, and drive-thru. They’re also known as lower-density locations from which the “heart of the city can be reached quickly, conveniently and at low cost (Forsyth, 2012).
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