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Essay: Psychoanalysis

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  • Published: 15 October 2019*
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Do the incidents that had happened to a child, affects how the child would turn out as an adult? People often wonder why they act in a certain way subconsciously, or a set of habits where doesn’t remember when they got it from. In order to found out what had occur to those actions and habits, psychoanalysis is one of the way to found out.

So what exactly psychoanalysis is? Founded by Sigmund Freud, he believed that psychoanalysis can cure people by finding out what their unconscious thoughts and motivations are, and make those thoughts into a conscious state, which results in gaining awareness of the thoughts.The main purpose of psychoanalysis therapy is to free the oppressed emotions and experiences, for example, making a person’s unconscious thoughts into conscious ones.

Psychoanalysis only works if it had provided the patient a psychological relief through the open expression of strong emotions.

In the theory of psychoanalysis, they have a set of beliefs. The psychological problems are seen to be caused by the unconscious mind. Evident traits are evoke by existing but hidden trouble. Oppressed trauma or unsettled matter during growth are the common causes of it. The treatment helps the patient by bringing up the hidden problems to the consciousness, and by dealing with it would “cure” the patient.

Psychoanalysis is not only a theory but also a therapy. It is often used to treat depression and anxiety disorders. In order to conduct a therapy session, it Freud would require the patient to rest and relax on a couch, and tell him about their childhood memories and dreams while he takes notes. The therapy is a long and repetitive process with the psychoanalyst. However the therapy would not work only if the patient is willing to cooperate, signs of resistance commonly provides a strong indication of the client is near to some significant objective in their thinking. From there the therapist would further explore.

Depression might be treated with a psychoanalytic way to deal with some degree. Psychoanalysts relate depression back to the misfortune each kid encounters while understanding our separateness from our parents early in childhood. A failure to deal with this may leave the individual inclined to depression  or depressive scenes in later life.

Treatment at that point involves in encouraging the client to recall the early experience and to unwind the obsessions that have developed around it. Specific care is brought with transference when working with depressed clients because of their immense need to be dependant of the others. The point is for clients to be more independent and to build up a more  practical comprehension and accepting misfortune/rejection/change in their lives.

It is reported by Freud that sometimes there are cases where the patients had encounter such an emotionally harsh and realistic memory that they had more or less relived the experience. Just like a flashback of a bad incident such as the memory of a rape victim being raped, or the scene of the child being abandoned by its parent. It feels like it is occurring again because it is a harsh memory, it is known as an abreaction. If such a disturbing memory occurred in therapy or with a supportive friend and one felt better–relieved or cleansed–later, it would be called a catharsis.(cite this) As often as possible, these intense emotional encounters gave Freud a significant knowledge into the patient’s issues.

Unconscious thoughts and emotions can be transferred to the conscious mind in the form of parapraxes, famously known as Freudian slips or slips of the tongue. We uncover what is truly at the forefront of our thoughts by saying something we didn’t intend to. For example, calling your new partner as the previous one, as you preferred more. Or saying out a word that had totally no relation to what you a discussing about. It is believed that those such are no accidents, all behaviours were important. The slip of tongue provides us an insight of the unconscious mind.

Dream analysis, as indicated by Freud the examination of dreams is “the royal road to the unconscious”. He contended that the conscious mind resembles a censor, however it is less vigilant when we are sleeping. Thus stifled thoughts rise to the top, however what we recollect may well have been changed amid the dream process.

Therefore we have to differentiate  the apparent content and the inert substance of a dream. The previous is the thing that we really recollect. The last is the thing that it truly implies. Freud believed that frequently the genuine importance of a dream  had a sexual consequence and in his hypothesis of sexual symbolism where he theorises on the fundamental significance of regular dream subjects.

Child psychology .Child psychology requires taking a gander at the issues, stages and different impacts that a child encounters all through their growth into working grown-ups. Child psychology can be separated into two fundamental zones – the real procedure of  psychological development that the child experiences when growing up and the analysis  and treatment of the different issues that a child may look all through their growth.

Amid a child’s growth from early stages to adulthood, many impacts are in charge of molding their ways of seeing the world, their thoughts of their own character and their place inside society. Factors, for example, environmental setting, family, community and the media all shape a child. Ideally, a child would form effectively into a cheerfully working grown-up, with no issues growing up, however this isn’t normally the case and numerous children find that they may struggle through the procedure.

The second significant stage in human development, childhood, reaches out from one or two years of age until the beginning of  adolescence which is the age 12 or 13. The early years of  childhood are set apart by tremendous strides in the comprehension and utilisation of language. Children start to grasp words a few months before they actually talk. An average baby talks his first words by 12– 14 months, and by the 18th month he has a speaking vocabulary of around 50 words.

The child starts to use two and then  three-word combinations and advances from basic noun-verb blends to all the more linguistically complex sequences, utilising conjunctions, prepositions, articles, and tenses with developing fluency and accuracy. By the fourth year most children can talk in adult like sentences and have started to ace the more complicated rules of grammar and meaning.

In their intellectual capacities, children make a change from depending entirely on concrete, unmistakable reality to performing sensible operations on conceptual and symbolic material. Indeed, even a two-year-old kid acts just as the outside world is a perpetual place, free of his discernments; and he displays exploratory  or objective coordinated conduct that might be  creatively and precipitously adjusted for new purposes.

During the period from two to seven years, the child starts to manipulate the environment by methods for representative idea and language he ends up being capable of taking care of new sorts of problems  and starts to utilise mental operations that are adaptable and completely reversible in thought. Between the ages of 7 and 12, the beginnings of the structure of classifying thoughts, a comprehension of time and number, and a more respect for seriation and other hierarchical relationships.

Inwardly, children grow toward more prominent in self-awareness. For example, awareness of their own emotional states, characteristics, and potential for activity—and they turn out to be progressively ready to perceive and decipher the feelings of other individuals also.This adds to sympathy, or the capacity to value the sentiments and impression of others and comprehend their perspective. These new capacities add to the child’s ethical advancement, which normally starts in early childhood as concern over and evasion of acts that pull in agony and discipline and advances to a more common procedure of the lead in order to keep up parental respect and approval.

A further move in moral thinking to one in light of the shirking of inner guilt and self-recrimination denotes the section from childhood and adolescence to adulthood. These emotional advances strengthen the child’s social skills and functioning.

Psychoanalysis can be linked to or to influence an artist’s artwork. In fact it can be said that it is important to surrealism. The founder of surrealism, André Breton. According to him, Freud had used his condemning capabilities to convey a dream. It was revealed that Freud’s ideas were significant to the surrealist, as his founding were “a current of opinion that was finally forming and that the imagination is perhaps on the point of reasserting itself, of reclaiming its rights” (Breton, 1924)

Freud’s genesis of the unconscious and the significance of dreams motivates painters, sculptors and writers to have awareness of their individual dreams. Instead of being some ridiculous and illogical images and thinking for the world, it gave those things a meaning. Freud’s view associated to art  explained that “the sublimation of the artist’s unsatisfied libido is responsible for producing all forms of art and literature whether it be painting, sculpting, or writing” (Freud, 1940) (cite this)During that period, among the surrealist Freud and Breton were admired.

Salvador Dali were impressed by the discovery of psychoanalysis and when he read Freud’s Die Traumdeutung and the interpretation of dreams, he mentioned that it was one of the greatest discoveries of his life. He was obsessed by the vice of self-interpretation, not just his dreams but of everything that had happened to him, even though it seems accidental at first. Ever since then, Dali’s masterpieces have many interpretations of Freud’s psychology as fixations, complexes, and psychosexual development.

To show, there are numerous paintings and visual creations in which he showed every one of his instinct and utilisation of Freud’s plans to mirror his identity, fears, and sexual obsessions. To show an example, it would be his painting known as Autumn Cannibalism is according to art experts the first stage of psychosexual development (Rudín 2004). And the painting The Enigma of Desire: My Mother in which the Oedipus complex can be seen. Later he did paintings that represents his fantasies and fears such as sex, his father, animals, and more, it can be seen in the paintings Le Grand Masturbateur and the Spectre of Sex-Appeal.

Dali’s aim as an artist was “to bring the world of dreams, visions, and hypnagogic imagery to tangible, concrete reality” (Dalí, 1936).Quoting this, it is apparent that his main aim as an artist was definitely influenced by Freud ideas.

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