The psychological factors that can influence our perception of pain are a connection between the mind and the body. It always affects a consciousness of a well-being. We should be mindful of the fact that pain is not a reliable indicator of tissue damage and that tissue damage is not a reliable indicator of pain.
Anxiety, depressive words, stress, avoidance, fear, aggression, frustration and etc.
A patient who is undergoing treatment will experience the above all. It can influence our perceptions as it have negative effects on aspects of cognition.
Simply instructing patient that the route to successful management of pain lies with them it may be an invitation to fail because of memory bias for pain information. The fear of pain made a unique and significant contribution to the prediction of disability.
Another psychological factors is to take action and learning to cope with pain as patient with the personal ability to have control over pain will show much improvement in their fitness.
Medical practitioners can allow patient to develop the personal ability to have control over pain as it can show improvement in a treatment to decrease fear. Give patient the information on how long a pain will last as to improve on the reaction to the pain to decrease anxiety.
Interrupt the current thinking and promote an understanding of a knowledge in pain to decrease the stress level. Provide written or graphics materials or video to patient so that patient can understand information on pain psychology and stress management.
Educating the patient alone is not an effective treatment, doctor-patient communication, social interaction, stress reduction, self-relaxation and support from the family members is important for patient who is undergoing an treatment to prevent patient to isolate themselves and develop depression.
Medical practitioners can let the patient to find out his/her limit with regard to activities, accepting the behavioral changes and gradually confront situations that can create anxiety and fear.
Most importantly encourage a patient to stay positive in all treatment.
Other broad treatment strategies can be (CBT) cognitive behavioral therapy, psychological pain therapy, behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques and etc. In CBT environment patient are directly reinforcement for pain behaviors and will minimize their effects to provide a positive reinforcement and self-reinforcement.
Psychological pain therapy is to adjust the personal goals of a patient and treat simultaneously within their individual specialties.
Behaviors therapy interventions focus on passive avoidance behaviors a therapy to increase activity levels which help to reduce anxiety and increase motivation. It’s a therapy of the psychological effects to achieve the changes of muscle strength, endurance and coordination which it can lead to learn a new emotional experiences.
Lastly, relaxation techniques are relaxation exercise that can teach patient to reduce stress and pain. It’s a progressive muscle relaxation, autogenic taming, imagination, breathing and meditation to help with chronic pain patient to sustain success through prolonged effect.
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