Essay: What is Apnea?

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  • Subject area(s): Health essays
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  • Published on: October 28, 2015
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  • What is Apnea?
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Sleep apnea is a severe sleep disorder that take place when a person’s breathing is irregular during sleep. People with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing time after time during their sleep. This means the body may not be getting enough oxygen to the brain and Heart. There are two types of Sleep apnea, Obstructive sleep apnea and Central sleep apnea.
How does one get Sleep Apnea? Obstructive sleep apnea, is the more common type of apnea. It is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep. During an obstructive sleep apnea incident, the diaphragm and chest muscles work harder to open the obstructed airway and pull air into the lungs. Breathing usually starts again with a loud gasp, snort, or body jerk. These incidents can affect with sound sleep. They can also decrease the flow of oxygen to vital organs and reason for irregular heart rhythms. Central sleep apnea, the airway is not blocked, but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe, due to unsteadiness in the respiratory control center. In central sleep apnea, breathing is disturbed commonly during sleep because of the way the brain functions. It is not that you cannot breathe reasonably, you do not attempt to breathe at all. The brain does not communicate your muscles to breathe.
What are some risk factors of Sleep apnea? Sleep apnea can effect anyone, including children. Having Excess weight is a risk, but even skinny people have Sleep apnea. The neck, circumference having a thicker neck, the narrow airway gets blocked easier. Men are most likely to get sleep apnea, overweight females are at high risks too. Sleep apnea happens More often enough in adults older than 60. You are at a higher risk if your family members have sleep apnea. The use of alcohol, sedatives, or tranquilizers relaxes the muscles in your throat. Smoker at likely to have obstructive sleep apnea, smoking increases the inflammation and fluid retention in the upper airway. Any nasal congestion, like allergies, you can develop OSA. Being older. Sleep apnea occurs significantly more often in adults older than 60. People with heart disorders, stroke or brain tumors are at a high risk for Center sleep apnea.
What are the Symptoms of sleep apnea? Many symptoms of Sleep apnea are, Loud snoring, restless sleep, waking up with sore or dry throat, the regular choking and gasping sensation. Having recurring dreams or insomnia, being forgetfulness, experiencing mood changes and the decrease interest in sex. Being fatigue and without energy during the day, falling asleep awhile driving. These are some of the symptoms of sleep apnea.
How does one determine if you have Sleep Apnea? A polysomnogram is a multiple-component test that electronically communicates and records detailed physical activities while you sleep. The recordings are examined to determine whether or not you have sleep apnea or another type of sleep disorder. Home sleep testing, is another evaluation, because it’s often easier for you and less expensive.

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