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Essay: Development of medicine and science

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  • Subject area(s): History essays
  • Reading time: 2 minutes
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  • Published: 18 September 2015*
  • File format: Text
  • Words: 551 (approx)
  • Number of pages: 3 (approx)

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As the late 19th century progressed, technological ideas and inventions began to thrive. The notion that technology would impact life as we know it was an unbelievable idea to comprehend. People had no idea that something so simple such as the light bulb would become so vital to them and for century’s to come. Inventions such as, the typewriter, barbed wire, telephone, Kodak camera, and electric stove were created, however the major inventions created and use tremendously today are, Medicine, Electricity, and Transportation.
A ‘vaccine’ or otherwise known as a vaccination, is something that stimulates someone’s immune system from a disease. Vaccines can prevent infections and actually cause it to not re-occur again. The invention of the Rabies, and Anthrax vaccines not only saved life’s, but helped scientist conduct and produce more accurate and successful research. Discovered by Louis Pasteur, in 1882, the innovation of the rabies vaccine was invented. Rabies is a critical and sometimes fatal infection that one could get with coming in contact with a ‘rabid’ or wild animal. When this virus enters the body and spreads, it travels slowly through all the nerves and all the way to the brain. Once it reaches the brain, it becomes fatal. The number of deaths due to rabies worldwide each year is approximately 55,000. However, due to the invention of the rabie vaccine, the number of fatalities and illnesses decreased by a substantial amount.
Louis Pasteur, in 1881, discovered the anthrax vaccine. Anthrax is an infection caused by many bacteria cells called ‘Bacillus’. These bacteria make ‘spores’ which have a protective shell. This disease is most common in farm animals. They live in soil, and affect domestic animals like sheep and goats. Although it is very rare for humans to get it, it could still happen. This vaccine is used to cure and stimulate the growth and spreading period.
Another innovation that helped spark the medicine and science world was the invention of the stethoscope. Developed by Rene Laennec in 1816, the stethoscope is most commonly used to listen to the sounds of the heart and lungs in the human body, for measurements of blood pressure, and less commonly to listen to blood flow. Some even called it a historical ‘hearing aid’. To most children who did not understand the concept, often, scientists would refer to it as a flexible tube. The invention of the stethoscope was a basic way to tell if an individual had threatening like symptoms, such as the flu. Clearly not as advanced as we have today, but the stethoscope, was, and still is a handy and essential tool for doctors and medical staff today to determine how the body is responding on a regular basis.
The discovery of the x- ray by W.C Roentgen in 1895, was one of the biggest inventions of all time. A x-ray shows doctors any gas and solid like particles, which pass through your bones, allowing doctors to examine it usually against a bright light. A generated computer produces pictures of what you bone may look like at that given time, usually for a specific bone. This made people fully aware of their body and the condition it was in. it made it easier for people to detect and diagnose the kind of pain they were in much easier. The discovery,

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