Some people were pushing hard for a federation, Henry Parkes made a famous speech in Tenterfield, New South Wales pushing for federation however a lot of people back then were British born and felt patriotic toward the Queen. Others also felt the economy was not strong enough and it would cost too much. Smaller colonies were worried that the bigger colonies would have too much control. On the other hand the big states were worried the Little states would drag them down. New South Wales and Victoria also couldn’t settle an argument over who should have the capital city. People were also worried that a United country would lead to relaxed immigration, however some believed it would help tighten immigration laws. This would have been helped by the better defence, people thought that they would be better protected if they were federated. People were also keen on getting a better rail system so they didn’t have to swap train, this would also mean quicker postage. Many farmers and businessmen also wanted federation so they could get rid of trade taxes, which would lead to better trade. On the other side of the economic argument many felt that the economic state would be improved. Toward the 20th century people began to feel patriotic to this new land they had been born in. This meant when Alfred Deakin, made his speech there was a bigger push for federation.
Federation became in 1901 when the people agreed that there were more
reasons to federate than to not. Federation lead to the creation of the constitution. This is where all of Australia’s laws and rules to follow are written. It meant that Australia was a country now and they could be their own people with their own identity and their own culture. We still use the constitution today and will most likely continue to unless we become a republic and it is thrown away. The constitution can only be changed if Australians agree on it through a referendum. Australian votes actually decided on the original referendum. The constitution fathers tried to create it so it would remain relevant in 100 years time. An example of this is the parliament we still use today was designed by the constitution. It only had to by slightly altered due to the territories being introduced. All Australians must abide by the constitution and if you don’t abide by it you will end up with jail time. The constitution divided certain responsibilities between commonwealth government and the state governments. The commonwealth deals with some big things relevant to the whole nation whereas the states provide services that are relevant to their individual needs. One of the biggest things that came out of the constitution was the rights section. This is what gave people their rights. This part of the constitution has had to be changed over time. For example in 1967 Aboriginals were officially recognised by the constitution. Without Federation all these changes of what we know today may not have happened.
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