Essay: Nepal's society and economy

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  • Subject area(s): International Relations
  • Reading time: 3 minutes
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  • Published on: February 3, 2016
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  • Nepal's society and economy
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Nepal is a small country that is between China and India located in the southern region of Asia. Nepal is most known for their mountainous landscape. In Nepal, this landscape makes a huge difference on how issues of social, political, economic, and health are treated. For example, “Research by social theorists have revealed the effective response of changes in the environment in the mountains is confounded by power politics and failure to fully regard impacts of social class and gender” (Marston 2008).
According to Adhikari, “Napalese society favors high fertility because children are a symbol of well-being both socially and economically” among the Nepalese people (2010). Birth rates were very high among the Napalese women, especially with young women. From the data given, women were conceiving as early as fifteen (Clark, Ewald, KC, Malqvist, Nelin,Wrammert 2015). I found that the percentage of women marrying at a young age was higher than the women who were having children at a young age was very odd for a society that viewed fertility as a means of good health and beneficial to their society. As well as birth rates, death rates were high in newborns due to “neonatal mortality rate” (Clark et al. 2015). There isn’t one single epidemic harming Nepal; there are multiple. They range from HIV, Malaria, Hepatitis E, and many other similar outbreaks that are affecting their society.
The economy of Nepal “has a vast amount of renewable resources that are controlled by geophysical, technical, economical, and political reasons” (K.C, Khanal, Shrestha, Lamsal 2011). The renewable resources include that of “fuel wood, agricultural residues, animal waste, hydro-electric power, solar and potentially wind energy” (K.C. et al. 2011). I can see why it is important to preserve resources for the wildlife, however, I think that many of the natural resources are helpful and can boost the economy. Not only could these natural resources help with the economy, but could improve the health of the citizens of Nepal.
Like many developing societies, Nepal had a struggle towards achieving a democratic government. “Nepal has been dominated by a small ruling class for centuries and later became a monarchy” (Harvard International Review 2001). The Nepalese people rebelled against the monarchy that eventually made way for a “new constitution that allowed for a new parliamentary” (Harvard International Review 2001).However, the parliament did not meet many of the expectations of the Nepalese people. Like America, Nepal split into multiple political parties. “There were two major parties by 1990, the Communist Party and the Nepal Congress Party” (Harvard International Review 2001). These parties seemed to be reflecting some of the first world’s ideology. For example, in America we have two major political parties, democratic and the republic. I found that the Communist Party was more similar to the Democratic Party ideologies in America while the Nepal Congress Party was similar to that of the Republican Party. For example, the “Communist Party seemed more involved in women’s rights such as the Democratic Party has been” (Harvard International Review 2001).
“In Nepal, Hinduism is the predominant religion” (Thapa 2010). Nepal’s religion has played many factors to their country’s decisions, especially in the government decisions. As mentioned earlier, Nepal went through many forms of governments before becoming a democratic government. One of the types of governments used by the Nepalese before the establishment of democracy was a theocracy. In support of this, Thapa informs that, “Nepalese laws were based on religion, local customs and usages, and royal edicts” (2010). However, this state of government did not stand for long in Nepal. Based on the Nepal’s constitution, it proposes that “everyone has the right to religion and that no one should convert another person from one religion to another” (Thapa 2010).
One particular issue I found that was related to many of the Nepal’s problems is the health issues related to women, in particular to the sex culture of Nepal. This can also be linked to the two issues stated earlier, high birth rates and high rates of sexually transmitted diseases that can also affect the amount of those who are living in poverty. Unlike many religions, Hinduism does not set the religious standards in which one should engage in sexual activities, such as Christianity and Catholicism. There are a couple of procedures that I think the first world could help with battling these issues in Nepal. First, since this does not contradict the Nepalese religious views, contraceptives, such as birth control and latex-protection, could help decrease the spread of diseases, reduce the amount of people living in poverty, and decrease the birth rates. Second, many of the First Worlds medications that protects or treat these issues could be introduced. Third, more education passed to the communities regarding these health issues that will increase awareness and encourage the decrease of health risks and poverty in Nepal. And finally, criminalizing sex trafficking of women in Nepal could decrease the spread of sexually transmitted infections and accidental pregnancies.

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