Essay: Analysis of birth rate across different countries

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Section No. Title Pg. No.

1 Research Problem/Objective 2

2 Data Description/Introduction 3

3 Analysis 5

4 Conclusion/Recommendation 14

5 Appendix


Birth rate is the total number of live births per 1000 of a population per year. With great development and other changes, change in birth rates have also been is also observed that there are higher birth rates in developing countries as compared to developed ones due to various factors.

Tracking age specific and race/ethnicity specific trends in fertility and birth rates also provides information on the divergent needs of different population groups.

Demographers have attempted to explain the experience of these more developed countries as a demographic transition from high birth rates and death rates to the current low levels. This process tends to occur in three stages. First, birth and death rates are both high, so little growth occurs. Second, death rates fall due to improved living conditions, while birth rates remain high. During this period population grows rapidly. The third stage of the transition is reached when fertility falls and closes the gap between birth and death rates, resulting again in a slower pace of population growth. All the more developed countries have entered this third stage of the demographic transition. Some have gone on to a fourth stage in which death rates are higher than birth rates, and the population declines.

There is a concern about declining birth rates in both the developing and developed world. Fertility rates tend to be higher in poorly resourced countries but due to high maternal and perinatal mortality, there is a reduction in birth rates. In developing countries children are needed as a labour force and to provide care for their parents in old age. In these countries, fertility rates are higher due to the lack of access to contraceptives and generally lower levels of female education. The social structure, religious beliefs, economic prosperity and urbanisation within each country are likely to affect birth rates as well as abortion rates, developed countries tend to have a lower fertility rate due to lifestyle choices associated with economic affluence where mortality rates are low, birth control is easily accessible and children often can become an economic drain caused by housing, education cost and other cost involved in bringing up children. Higher education and professional careers often mean that women have children late in life. This can result in a demographic economic paradox.


The objective of this study is to analyse the birth rate of different countries

In order to fulfil the objective, we will be using simple statistical tools to analyse the data. More specifically, we will be using various descriptive statistics and graphs to come to a certain conclusion.


The subject of my study involves the analysis of the birth rate of various countries using statistical tools which helps in drawing a comparison between two and more variables(dependent or independent variables)

The data involves the comparison between countries over the years about …

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