Essay: Approaches to Psychology

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  • Subject area(s): Psychology essays
  • Reading time: 3 minutes
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  • Published on: February 10, 2020
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  • Number of pages: 2
  • Approaches to Psychology
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Approaches to Psychology: The Psychodynamic Approach 
 The action of studying; people, behaviors, thought processes, the unconscious thought, our day to day moves. Whether a person realizes or not, they are always under someone’s studying eye. The human mind and the drive to what makes a person move and act the way they do is something scientists have been trying to grasp for centuries. There are many fields in psychology that try to study just that: Why do humans do the things they do? The psychodynamic approach looks at how society influences a person’s thoughts, how their experiences as a child effects the way they act now, and what exactly is going on in their mind that may have been influences by these outside factors. The psychodynamic approach is supposed to be an inside look at the brain and subconscious. 
 This approach focuses on a person’s thoughts that are necessary to their function and has formed them to be the person they are. Everything a person comes in contact with forms their personality, biological reasoning, and in some cases, their psychological issues. Sigmund Freud, the creator of this idea believed that the unconscious mind was the most vital part of the brain (Lecture Slides). He often compared the unconscious mind to that of an iceberg because the most important piece to both of them are the parts in which cannot be seen (McLeod). The psychodynamic approach is important to psychology because it can give them deeper insight into a persons thought process. As well as the history that could have made an extreme influence forming them into the person they are now. Such as, events in their early childhood that caused permanent trauma and has been pushed to the back of their mind. Freud thought that all psychological issues are rooted from a person’s past and that through multiple evaluations and therapy related sessions, a person can dig back far enough into their subconscious to get to the root of the problems. 
 This specific study almost encapsulates all of the approaches in one. Instead of just asking the “how” it mentions the why, how, and when a person behaves the way they do. Freud also brought up the concept of psychoanalysis. This was a new way of digging into a person’s unconscious thoughts. Although it’s a lengthy process, it’s thought that through time a person can talk their subconscious thoughts to their consciousness. Something Freud believed could be used to get to the root of many people’s psychological illnesses, problems, and behaviors. However, many scientists and psychologists don’t support this approach because there isn’t any scientific proof or data behind his method. There isn’t a way to make sure that it would work and be a good analysis because it works mainly off a case by case basis, and to use it on a mass population would be generalizing them (McLeod). 
 I think this specific approach to psychology to is important because it takes in account the factors that form us as a person from birth all the way up to environmental differences. Most people become the person they are from the way they were raised and from the people they’re surrounded by. It is believed that the most vital part of the mind is that which most scientists can’t see or explain, the subconscious. It is believed that we form a subconscious over time, which is influenced by many outside sources listed above. I think that this is also important because it caused such a controversial argument within the research world. Some scientists believe that you can’t test something and base a theory on something you can not see and people’s experiences from childhood that they may not even remember. There is really no scientific evidence to back it up, only personal experiences (McLeod). I think that it could be useful to get a deeper look into a persons thought process but I think it’s too personal of a subject for it to be used for a public purpose.

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