Essay: Science and religion: An Analysis

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  • Subject area(s): Religious studies and Theology essays
  • Reading time: 2 minutes
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  • Published on: August 9, 2018
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  • Number of pages: 2
  • Science and religion: An Analysis
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While famous figures such as Max Planck and Pope John Paul II have been mentioned, there is also proof that science and religion can coexist through studies on everyday people. There is a common belief that doctors cannot be religious because of their profession and connection to science. However, studies have shown that more doctors are faithful than people would expect. Since doctors require an extensive education and since religious beliefs generally decrease as education and income increases, it makes sense to expect people in the medical field to be atheists. However, researchers at the University of Chicago carried out multiple studies of physician religious beliefs. They found that seventy-six percent of physicians believed in God and fifty-nine percent believed in some kind of an afterlife. The researchers at the University also discovered that ninety percent of doctors in the United States attend church services at least every now and then, as opposed to the eighty-one percent of all adults who attend church. Another study, conducted by the head director Elaine Howard Ecklund and researchers at Rice University, challenged the science-religion interactions. They found exceptions to scientists not being as religious as the general population. In Hong Kong, thirty-nine percent of scientists were religious, compared to the twenty percent of the general population in Hong Kong. While forty-four percent of the general population in Taiwan identify as religious, fifty-four percent of scientists in Taiwan were religious. In fact, they found that twenty-three percent of Taiwanese scientists, twenty-five percent of Hong Kong scientists, and twenty-seven percent of Indian scientists believe that religion and science can coexist as well as help one another. A study by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology focused on religious communities in the United States and how the different communities view evolution and the Big Bang theory. The investigation showed that there was a very large gap between the views of official faiths and the personal beliefs of the people who belong to them. The researchers found that only eleven percent of all Americans belong to a religious community that openly rejects origins science. This shows the gap since forty-six percent of Americans believe that God created humans in their current form less than ten thousand years ago, according to a poll from Gallup. The emphasis on the topic of origins science is also different. The Southern Baptist Convention and the Anglican Church had very separate outcomes in the study, yet they both give a great amount of attention to origins science. At the same time, many other religious communities devote little attention to the topic on their websites, which can indicate that it is not a part of their core mission. Many communities’ views on origins science have evolved over time, while others, such as the Presbyterian Church in America, have not been able to come to an agreement on the matter. Lastly, many of the communities who have doubts about evolution did not have an issue with the idea that the Big Bang theory is extremely similar to the Biblical interpretation of creation; very few solely supported the belief that the Earth is less than ten thousand years old.

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