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Essay: Secure IAM in Cloud Computing: Challenges, Solutions, and PerspectivesSecure IAM in Cloud Computing: Challenges, Solutions, and Perspectives

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To minimize security risk in cloud computing

Security in cloud computing

Uddhav Sadashiv Dawale

Department of Computer Engineering

Sinhgad Institute of Technology and Science

Pune, India


Shraddha B Toney

Department of Computer Engineering

Sinhgad Institute of Technology And Science

Pune, India


   Abstract: Cloud computing is transforming the approach throughout that organizations and folks access computing resources and applications and do their business. However, such factors as privacy, security, and trust square measure more and more turning into major problems for organizations and customers victimization cloud services. Such problems keep very important whether or not or not the cloud services provided square measure complete applications (SaaS), platforms for application development (PaaS), or IT infrastructures (IaaS) like networks, servers, or storage on demand. one in each of the key security areas, the management of identities and their access to resources, is popping into plenty of advanced. It wants a plenty of unified approach to every internal and external users, in ancient likewise as cloud environments. This chapter elaborates on the essence of identity and access management (IAM) and why effective IAM may be a crucial demand for guaranteeing security, privacy, associate degreed trust in an extremely cloud computing setting. It collectively outlines this standing of IAM inside the cloud, discusses the challenges that IAM brings to the cloud, and highlights problems for users once deploying and victimization cloud computing

Keywords— application development (PaaS),identity and access management (IAM)


In recent years, cloud technologies have introduced new ways to attack organizations and people, broadening their threat landscape. The digital identities that people and organizations use, so as to access cloud resources, ar one in every of the most areas in danger. Past incidents with LastPass, Google and Evernote, wherever variety of user accounts became compromised, show however difficult it's to shield digital identities. Insecure management of identities and their access will cause plenty of hassle for organizations and people, leading to information breaches, and insubordination with vital standards and laws (such as HIPAA, PCI‐DSS, EU GDPR), and inability to access resources, services, and significant information.

When coping with identity and access management in cloud context, the most queries typically expose by users area unit security connected, like “are my passwords hold on securely?”, “are there any privileged accounts which will be

 Wont to access my data?” and “how vulnerable am I or my organization to hacking attacks?”

The core of the challenge lies within the nature of cloud computing. Once change to the cloud, a part of the information isn't any longer hold on on devices managed by the house owners of the information. This, combined with the growing range of users and roles in fashionable organizations and stricter rules obligatory by governments on privacy and knowledge protection, additional complicates things and raises the importance of knowledge access controls. Strong identity and access management (IAM) is one among the approaches to reduce security risks of cloud computing.

A. IAM Explained

IAM refers to the processes, technologies, and policies that manage access of identities to digital resources and confirm what authorization identities have over these resources.

For a personal user, IAM usually considerations many processes. The user will produce, take away or alter a user account among AN application. Users even have a live of authentication to prove their identity. Authentication measures will vary from a mix of username and countersign to multifactor authentication wherever smartcards, generated tokens and / or biometric information will be combined to create the authentication stronger.

For organizations, IAM is mostly used far more intensively as organizations represent multiple users (employees) mistreatment multiple digital resources. This needs intensive propagation of user accounts and higher observance and audit capabilities. Although the IAM scale differs supported user sort, each organizations and people ar littered with an equivalent processes once accessing digital resources:

• Management of identities. Each identity needs a sound user account, with sure needs assigned thereto, so as to be able to access digital resources. These authentication needs Associate in Nursingd authorizations could modification throughout the lifecycle of an identity, up to the purpose wherever a user account has got to be far from the digital resource. The identity management method here is to replicate the changes in an exceedingly timely manner.

• Management of access to resources. Each identity, once trying to access a resource, has to prove that he or she is World Health Organization he or she claims to be. If the identity is well-tried correct and it's the correct roles and authorizations assigned to access the resource, the requested resource is provisioned. If the validation of identity or authorization fails, the identity are going to be unable to access the requested resource.

For most organizations, managing identities and access means that implementing a directory service (e.g. Microsoft Active Directory). This directory service permits users to verify their identity with the organization. Applications that can't be tied to the current directory service got to use a separate stand‐alone authentication system that usually implies that users got to login thereto system with separate credentials.

Figure 33.1 depicts the key IAM services that deliver IAM capabilities to manage identities and access to (cloud) IT services at intervals a company.

• Authentication – this service covers the processes and technology for crucial that users square measure World Health Organization or what they claim to be.

• Authorization – this service covers the processes and technology for crucial that a user has the correct permissions to access IT resources.

• User management – this service covers the activities that effectively administer the lifecycle of identities (creating, changing, inactivating). Authoritative sources of identity data (e.g. hour data on the enterprise staff and customers) square measure needed to manipulate and manage the identities lifecycle.

• Entitlements – this service covers the mapping of authorizations to identities and also the connected attributes.

• Provisioning – this service covers the propagation of identity and authorization knowledge thereto resources via machine-controlled or manual processes.

B. IAM and the Clouds

Customers of cloud services area unit typically longing for an equivalent edges that cloud will bring – accumulated innovation and productivity, reduced prices. The challenges given by the adoption of cloud technologies will but be quite completely different ANd depend upon the particular necessities of an enterprise, individual user, or cloud service supplier (CSP). Identity management and access management area unit a region of the cloud challenge landscape, because the new ways in which of consumption and delivery of services introduce new situations in managing users and their access to the systems on and off premises. Particularly once it involves security, identity could be a key focus space as secure provision and access to cloud‐based services is that the start on the road to assembling a secure enterprise within the cloud.

Different types of stakeholders will face different IAM challenges:

● Organizations – extending as well as leveraging existing and new IAM solutions to tie together on premise and cloud-based systems.

● Individual users – ensuring access to information at anytime, anywhere, from any device.

● Cloud service providers – securing customers’ data and ensuring continued access to cloud services.

Still, despite these various challenges, IAM can play an enabling role in the adoption of cloud services. For example, existing on‐premises IAM solutions can help an organization start moving to the cloud gradually with the step‐by‐step implementation of controls required for the shift. Later the company can choose whether to continue with an on‐premises deployment, start using hybrid IAM solution, or completely shift IAM to the cloud.


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