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Essay: Exploring the Future of Cloud Computing in Different Sectors

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THE FUTURE OF CLOUD COMPUTING IN DIFFERENT SECTORS

Introduction

Cloud computing is no longer new with its widespread provision by many companies such as Google, Amazon, IBM, Microsoft and Yahoo for their customers to have easy fast and reliable data storage. These companies provide cloud services through virtualized servers accessed through the internet. Many organizations prefer cloud service because it saves the cost of owning and maintaining a data server infrastructure. The cloud is no longer the future of IT but present state as its’ effect has already been felt in the transformation of businesses and industries globally. This transformation has cut across different sectors of the economy. The future of cloud computing is discussed in major sector such as agricultural, education, transportation, and health sector.

Future of Cloud Computing in Health Sector

Usage of cloud computing in the health sector is generally underutilized, especially in regions of operational proficiency. Most health workers still depend on paper therapeutic records, hence constraining joint effort and coordination between patients and the doctor. Any modernization endeavors in health services must incorporate cloud computing as a highlight for this change. According to the national institute of standards and technology (NIST), cloud computing can fill in as a model that allows an arrangement of configurable computing resources in sharing advantageous and on-request network access that are not normally given in general healthcare settings (Sultan, 2014).

Cloud computing has both the wide system access and resource pooling to help huge informational indexes from electronic healthcare records (EHR). The two highlights encourage the use of computing resources by various consumers through various electronic gadgets, for example, cell phones and tablets, giving all the more convenient access to basic medicinal information. Furthermore, a cloud computing framework can analyze and control resources used depending on the kind of administration given e.g., capacity and handling. For cloud computing to furnish consumers with attractive service, it ought to be based on a foundation that gives the expected result to the consumers. The framework is a mix hardware and software resources, likewise known as the physical and the abstract layers. The physical layer incorporates the server, stockpiling and system segments, while the abstract layer comprises of the product introduced to convey out the service.

The cloud infrastructure has the ability to serve an entire organization or more and give all the users in the organization access to cloud services. Cloud infrastructure can also be for an entire community or the general public at large. Healthcare organizations have been known to store large amount of information about their patient and their treatment. This data they store is very important for making decision about the treatment to be given to patient and track improvement on a patient’s health overtime. Health institutions need flexible way of sharing and storing data about their patient and this makes cloud computing the best option. The use of EHRs for easy storage and retrieval of information is inevitable. Since healthcare institutions accumulate more data daily, healthcare data server will in no long time be exhausted.   

The healthcare institutions in the US function on the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) act. This act agreed with the migration from the paper based type of administration to cloud based. This act was first supported by the past Obama administration by introducing the Medicare program. Also in the UK patients have access to their EHRs (Barrow, 2011).

This was as a result of the past NHS future forum which advocated for an efficient and cost effective way of delivering service to patients. Going to the future with cloud computing, patients do not need multiple visits for appointment but done with just few clicks on the computer

Future of Cloud Computing in Educational Sector

Educational system is mostly moving around the books, exams, marks and grades, where the imaginative learning lies far miles away. Educators instruct within the syllabus, students thinks about that part just, gives exams and it's everywhere! Be that as it may, change has happened by inventive reasoning, and more profound reasoning. That just happens when you consider your learning important yet not the exams. So how would you enhance it? Innovation can be utilized as essential key in this circumstance. Presently a-days situation is changed, in numerous schools and universities, the internet facility is accessible and even teachers utilize power-point presentation for teaching that enhances simple comprehension. Cloud computing can be demonstrated as the shelter in this situation. Utilizing cloud computing we can get to any file or any document or even recordings from any side of the world. So it gives the basic lessons to those students who can't manage the cost of it. Utilizing the cloud computing, can give simple and innovative learning knowledge to the general population and make the nation more taught, that is the reason this new technology is utilized in overall now-a-days (Margianti & Mutiara, 2015).

Cloud computing is a network of computing assets found pretty much anyplace that can be shared. Along these lines by executing cloud computing innovation we can beat all these short comings and keep up a centralized system where every one of the experts can check the education system from every angle and proceed with screen and guide the system. They check the requirements of the organizations as well as guarantee that quality education is given to each student and furthermore his attendance, class performances and so on can be viably kept up without stressing for the infrastructure issue.

The cloud guarantees that students, teachers, faculty, guardians, and staff have on-demand access to basic data utilizing any device from anyplace. Both open and private foundations can utilize the cloud to convey better administrations, even as they work with fewer resources.

All the stakeholders of the institution will be connected to the cloud and separate login is accommodated every one of the clients for their particular work. Educators can transfer their class tutorials, assignments, and tests on the cloud server which students will have the capacity to get to all the encouraging material given by the instructors through internet utilizing PCs and other electronic devices both at home and school 24 hours a day. The education system will make it workable for teachers to distinguish issue especially in aspect in which students tend to commit errors, by investigating students' study records. In doing such, it will likewise enable instructors to enhance providing materials and techniques.

Future of Cloud Computing in Agricultural Sector

Many famers and people in the agricultural sector are faced with the challenges of uncertainty in terms of what the climate will be and level of precipitation. These challenges are combated with the advancement in technology particularly the adoption of cloud technology due to the data usage by farmers,   cloud computing comes handy in analyzing data from soil sensors satellite images weather stations among others to enable the farmer decide rightly on what steps to take for better production. It also facilitates understanding about the farms production environment.

For decades now the agricultural sector is using large data than ever before. This is as result of the high demand for larger production which is mandated by the increase in human population. Farmers make use of information about the soil, crop, the weather condition per season and tools used for cultivation (Bhagawan & Somnath, 2014).

All this large information can be stored on the cloud which gives room for enough storage capacity, the speed in accessing them and the processing power that make the analysis of this data easy and useful to the farmers. On time data gives the farmer opportunity to take quick action within the growing season and make amendment to any problem before they affect production and yield.

For some time now, agricultural companies have been embracing cloud computing to enhance production. For instance, John Deere developed a cloud based software that is capable of tracking vehicles used on the farmland to efficient monitoring. Also a farm cloud system built on Amazon web service was developed for the purpose of giving real-time price of seeds and chemicals for easy negotiations with suppliers (Luis et al, 2011).

Cloud computing is taking modernized farming to the next level. Even farmers are not hesitating in embracing cloud computing for better production. For example, land O'lakes a farming company in Minnesota adopts Google cloud platform due to its integration with Google map. This is because the Google map helps the farmer to view their farm from remote and discover which part of the farm needs irrigation or fertilizer. Cloud helps solve agricultural problems and increase yield.

The preparation for the future of cloud computing in this sector has been started with the gradual adoption of cloud computing by farmers. The future of agricultural data is tied to cloud data storage as many farmers want to access real time about their farm from anywhere in the world and make right decision.

Future of Cloud Computing in Transportation Sector

The device cloud is likewise adaptable, secure and commonly more financially savvy than traditional infrastructure for transportation. As cloud computing turns out to be more standard, transportation offices are assessing whether a cloud arrangement can be a productive option in contrast to conventional computing systems (Ashokkumar et al, 2015).

Putting away transportation information in a focal online area can be more effective for transportation agencies. Presently, agencies gather different estimations going from movement time to toll accumulation. At that point, numerous departments and representatives deal with every one of those measurements and make reports for managers to thoroughly analyze information (Marc et al, 2009).

At the point when these measures are kept in the cloud, transportation officials can get to the information whenever and anyplace through a safe online portal. They can make a custom dashboard that pulls just the information they need, and they can take a gander at the fleet over the previous week, or even since they started keeping information in the cloud. This idea goes past basically assembling the different databases into one area a device cloud arrangement rather pulls the information specifically from the devices (charge gathering, GPS, and so forth.) and into one focal cloud database.

Interfacing transportation devices to the cloud demonstrates priceless in breaking down information. For instance, consider a standard transport with the accompanying frameworks a camera, passage accumulation, traveler tallying, WIFI and GPS. Assume the transportation office holds an executive gathering and needs to legitimize the free WI-FI it offers to clients. Next, the general administrator approaches his workers for a couple of reports on charge accumulation and traveler tallies to legitimize the free WI-FI.

Under the old innovation, every one of these information focuses is given by various programming and diverse sellers. Various representatives gather the information and convey it to the general director, who at that point investigates it and conveys the outcomes to the board. Each report is marginally unique since they are not incorporated, and the general manager at that point invests his or her energy contrasting the reports with decide whether the quantity of clients and the charges gathered legitimizes the free WI-FI (Shantenu et al, 2012).

With a cloud computing framework, the cloud administration can pull data from the majority of the databases together into one basic and secure dashboard. At some random minute, the general administrator can create a report containing both charge gathering and traveler tallying with a solitary snap.

There are operational efficiencies to be picked up from cloud computing to wipe out the long stretches of repeating time used to produce similar reports a seemingly endless amount of time, after a seemingly endless amount of time.

Notwithstanding expanding proficiency with a straightforward dashboard, cloud computing can likewise give the advantage of more quick, close continuous information. Since information is sent to the cloud consistently, supervisors can see sensible previews at some random minute.

References

Ashokkumar,K., Baron, S., Arshadprabhu, R., & Britto, C. (2015). Cloud based intelligent

transport system. 2nd International Symposium on Big Data and Cloud Computing (ISBCC’15)

Barrow, M. (2011). Patients get right to see medical records online. The Times.

Bhagawan, N., & Somnath, C (2014). Application of Cloud Computing in Agricultural Sectors

for Economic Development. Interplay of Economics, Politics and Society for Inclusive Growth International Conference organized by UNDP, RTC and GNH.

Luis, M., Vaquero, l., Rajkumar, B.(2011). Dynamically scaling applications in the cloud.

Computer Communication Review, 41(1): 45-52.

Marc, F., Heiko, N., & Georg C., (2009).Cloud Computing for the Masses. In Proceedings of the

1st ACM Workshop on User-provided Networking,

Margianti, E.S., & Mutiara, A.B. (2015).Application of cloud computing in education.

Conference paper, Gunadarma University, Indonesia

Shantenu, J., Andre, M., & Geoofrey, F.,(2012). Using clouds to provide grids higher-levels of

abstraction and explicit support for usage modes. Technical report, Open Grid Forum, International Journal of Distributed and Parallel Systems (IJDPS) 3(4),

Sultan, N. (2014). Making use of Cloud computing for healthcare provision: Opportunities and

challenges. International Journal of Information Management 34: 177-184.

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