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Essay: Exploring Health Disparities, Incidence, Prevalence, and More: A Comprehensive Guide

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  • Published: 1 February 2018*
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1. What are health disparities?

The inequalities that take place in the supply of healthcare and the approach towards the healthcare undertaking various ethnic, racial, socioeconomic, etc. groups are known as health disparities.

2. What is incidence?

Incidence can be defined as the number of new cases that took place at a given time period, which is further divided by the size of the total population at risk.

3. Prevalence

Prevalence is generally the proportion of the population who come with a specific characteristic, with a typical sickness, condition or has a risk of going through smoking or depression, within a given period of time (Edelman et.al, 2013).  

4. Great Man Theory  

The Great Man Theory is the historical facts that explain the effect of great men or say the heroes, were said to be the individuals that were highly influenced, due to their personal or political skills for using their powers to give a decisive historical impact.

5. Annual Deductible

The annual deductible is a steady dollar amount that one has to pay for the covered services each year or each plan year before the HMSA pays for the particular services.

6. Public Health Informatics

The use of computers, communication and information systems, clinical guidelines, etc. which is applied to a major portion of the public health for professions is known as public health informatics.

7. World Happiness Report

The report that measures the happiness that is published by the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network is known as the World Happiness Report (Thomas, 2005).

8. Management by Objectives

Also known as MBO, it is a process of delineating particular objectives in an organization that would be easily conveyed by the management to the members of the organization, for deciding a method how to achieve the objectives in an array.

9. Maternal Mortality

According to the WHO, Maternal mortality is the death of a pregnant woman or a woman that has passed through delivery, termination, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy etc. within 42 days.

10. Preferred Provider Organization

It is a managed care organization which includes the medical doctors, health care providers and the hospitals that have agreed to provide with health care at discounted prices to the insurer’s clients.

11. Six Sigma

A set of tools and techniques used for the process of improvement is known as six sigma. The concept was introduced by Bill Smith, an engineer when he was working at Motorola in the year 1986.

12. Coercive Leadership Style

The Coercive Leadership Style is a kind of leadership behavior that comes with a single and big factor that influences team working.

II. Critical thinking

1. What is the difference between health informatics and information technology?

Health informatics is a science which includes the processing of data to store and retrieve it when required. Information technology means the study of the systems like computers and other telecommunications for retrieving, storing and sending information (Giger, 2016).

2. Identify and briefly explain the six dimensions of health and well-being.

Health is something even more than simply eating healthy and exercising, which is labeled under the six dimensions of long life and happiness. The six dimensions are physical health, social health, intellectual health, emotional health, environmental health, and the spiritual health.

3. Define health disparities and explain its connection to determinants of health.

Health disparities mean the difference in the health status of a group of particular people. It has a strong interrelation with determinants of health as interventions are those that target various determinants of health to be effective for getting a particular result of health disparities.

4. What is meant by Congenital anomalies and explain its significance in the UAE?

Congenital anomalies are serious causes that lead to childhood deaths or infant deaths, disability or chronic illness. It is an alerting issue in UAE, as the proportion of such anomalies is found high there due to which the nation requires thinking about it with due attention.

5. Explain the mixed-methods research approach and give an example

Mixed methods research is a method of conducting researches that include collecting data, analyzing, experiments, surveying, and integrating the research. A good example of the same approach is the adolescent alcohol use research, which focused on the characteristics of the young people who are who are addicted to drink and those who are not drinking (Coreil, 2010).

6. Explain what do you think it takes to be an effective manager or leader

To become an effective manager or leader, one needs to have qualities like passion, holding values, has great vision, creativity, intellectual and intelligent, confidence, humility, communication skills, interpersonal skills, planner, etc.

7. Briefly, discuss what you enjoyed and or learned most from this course.

The course helps in learning various medical aspects that bring in light the health issues, importance and various important terms of insurance, research methodologies, etc.


Giger J. (2016). Transcultural Nursing – E-Book: Assessment and Intervention. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?id=XCWKCwAAQBAJ&dq=health+disparities+%2B+book&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Edelman C, Mandle C., Elizabeth C.  (2013).Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span – E-Book. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?id=ndwDAQAAQBAJ&dq=health+disparities+%2B+book&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Thomas A.  (2005). Minority Populations and Health: An Introduction to Health Disparities in the United States. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?id=e6FqCwAAQBAJ&dq=health+disparities+%2B+book&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Coreil J. (2010).Social and Behavioral Foundations of Public Health. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?id=OCUBixRvOMoC&dq=health+disparities+%2B+book&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s

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