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Essay: The Challenges of Being a Third World Country: The Case of the Philippines

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  • Published: 1 February 2018*
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  • Words: 908 (approx)
  • Number of pages: 4 (approx)

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Paste Third world countries are mostly characterized as poor and underdeveloped. In these nations, were low degrees of schooling, terrible infrastructure, improper sanitation and poor entry to health care services means that living situations are visible not as good as the on within the scope of more developed nations. Philippines is one of the most undeveloped nations in Asia.In 2009, 26.5 % of the whole population resides below the poverty level (NSCB, 2009). Those living below the poverty line are not able to have the funds for their fundamental needs such as food, clothing, and shelter for his or her everyday survival. According to Pope Paul VI, ‘the essential function union of organization must be admitted: their duty as the representative of the various classes, their lawful collaboration in the economic improvement of society and the development of the sense of their obligation for the realization of the common good. As a third world country, Philippines experiences various troubles including corruption, unemployment, and crimes which hinders its development and further worsens its current situation (Ang, 2012).

Corruption is described as the abuse of power through a public official for   personal benefit (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2011). It is present everywhere from local to country wide government from small companies to large organizations. Both the rich and poor are involved in unlawful activities including bribery and extortion. Countries developments slow down due to the presence of corruption. The money taken by government authorities may be used for housing projects, educational plan, health care and loan. Budget allocated to decrease poverty are utilized by the officials for his or her very own personal gain that’s why poverty continues to be at upward thrust despite economic growth.

In a survey carried out by NSO in 2014, there had been 12.6 million out of school youth. The principal reasons for children not in school are lack of personal interest, high cost of education, lack of school facilities and rather they rather search for job possibilities. The drop-out rate in high school is two times of the drop-out rate in elementary. In 2001, there have been four million children engaged in child labor. Around 60   percent of those children were exposed to risky working environments as to it education is absolutely essential to create better job opportunities for them. In a survey conducted by the NSO in the year 2012, the unemployment rate has elevated from 6.90 to 7. 00 in a span of three months. Mostly skilled workers favor to work abroad due to better job opportunities and higher income.   


One of the factors why Philippines’ categorizes as a third world nation was the comparatively small, and therefore manageable, national population. At the start of the 1950s the country’s population stood at close to 25 million. With the national population at that level, the economy was not under severe pressure to generate employment for a high percentage of the labor force, infrastructure capable of supporting a high level of economic activity and domestic production of goods and services sufficient to feed, clothe and shelter the Filipino people in accordance with a decent standard of living. There was no need at that time for the diaspora of the last few decades, which gave rise to the OFW. And there wasn’t the kind of infrastructure crunch that has seen the steady deterioration of existing facilities and the inadequate-infrastructure charge that has been laid at the door of the Philippine economy by would-be investors (Romero, 2014). People in poor countries have much less access to health services than those in better-off countries, and within countries, thepoor have less access to health services. Although a lack of ‘nancial resources or information can create barriers to accessing services, the causal relationship between access to health services and poverty also runs in the other direction. When health care is required however is delayed or not obtained, people’s health worsens, that successively results in lost of financial gain and higher health care cost, each of which contribute to rise of poverty (Peters, Brieger, & Rahman 2008).

In Philippine setting there's unfair and inequitable access to health care that leaves the poor behind; low overall authorities spending on health; high out-of-pocket spending that impoverishes lots of Filipino households; persisting high maternal and new child deaths that are  few of the highest within the Southeast Asian region; high fertility rates are many the poorest Filipino women; the continuing challenge of infectious sicknesses like TB, dengue and malaria; emerging diseases like HIV/AIDS and the interlocking crisis of non-communicable diseases; shortage in human resources for health, mainly medical doctors, nurses, and many others. The way healthcare system is financed and prepared has a prime impact on a population’s health and wellbeing. In a 2012 overview, the World Health Organization defined the countries’ health financing system as ‘fragmented with insufficient authorities funding, irrelevant incentives for providers, weak social safety and high inequity.The National Demographic and Health Survey found out that most of the patients confined in both public and private hospitals pay out from their own pocket, using their income or earnings and dipping into their financial savings. Out-of-pocket payments had been significantly higher among patients confined in government hospitals. According to a 2007 report by the Asian development bank (ADB), better-income Filipinos prefer private health facilities, which they considered as imparting higher-quality offerings. lower-profits Filipinos usually go to public health centers which includes rural health units and village health stations, which can be commonly perceived to provide low-quality healthservices (Observer, 2014).

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