The largest producer of oil is the country,Saudi Arabia, which produces 8.1 million barrels of oil per day
The U.S produces just 21 barrels as opposed to Saudi Arabia, which produces 264 billion barrels.
Oil is measured in barrels, which is equal to 42 US gallons or 159 liters
Gasoline makes up only 45% of crude oil
Crude oil (petroleum) is a thick, black liquid found underground
Oil has a wide variety of uses and is often used in cosmetics, medicine, paint, lubricants and as a fuel
Crude oil (petroleum) comes from fossilized organic material such as plants and animals
Because oil is so valuable it is called, “Texas Tea” or “Black Gold”
Crude oil is the main component of the petroleum that we use all over the world!
Petroleum is often used to fuel vehicles and machines
Crude oil can be changed into different types of fuels
The top three countries that consume petroleum are Japan, China and the USA.
As a refined fuel, petroleum needs to be maintained in certain conditions in order to remain stable.
The natural gas used in homes has an added substance to make it smell like sulfur so that people know when they have a gas leak.
Natural gas was formed deep under the earth about 100 million years ago.
There are more than 2.1 million miles of underground gas pipelines across the United States.
More than half of all the homes in the United States use natural gas – almost 62 million families.
In 200 B.C., people in China used natural gas to make salt.
In 1816, gas was first used to light street lamps in Baltimore, Maryland.
Natural gas is lighter than air.
Natural gas is measured in British Thermal Units (Btus), which measures the heat content.
One kitchen match gives off about one Btu of heat. The burner on a big gas stove, like in the picture to the right, might give off more than 15,000 Btus.
When natural gas is cooled to 260 degrees below zero, it changes from a gas into a liquid.
Crude oil is also known as petroleum. It is a dark colour liquid with a very strong odor.
The formation of oil began millions of years ago when the remains of dead plants and animals drifted to the bottom of the sea. These materials decayed and over time became covered by layers of mud and sand.
Areas deep within our oceans are studied to establish where good sources of oil are located. A structure called a ‘derrick’ is set up and wells are drilled in order to bring a flow of oil to the surface.
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