Abortion has become increasingly common in contemporary American society, however, rural areas, have significantly lower abortion rates compared to other urban cities. This has indubitably sparked conversations in regards to what factors might correlate with the variety of abortion rates across the nations. In particular, there has been an abundance of concerns that continued to be questioned due to recent studies, observations, and publications based on this research. This concern pertains to socioeconomic class and how it correlates to abortion rates. Superficially, one might conclude that whether you get an abortion or not depends solely if you are “pro-choice” or “pro-life,” but upon further research it is clear that is extended far beyond that. This topic is important as it will discuss how abortions may be affected by where an individual lives – in urban or rural America – and where they stand on the hierarchy, depending on how financially stable
Abortion refers to the elimination of a fetus from the uterus before it’s able to survive independently. Abortion became legal in the U.S. in 1973, since then, it still remains to be one of the most controversial issues in the country. Currently, all 50 states allow abortion as long as a licensed physician performs the surgery, however, in some states a physician has the right to refuse aborting a fetus, but such a physician must recommend you to a doctor who will agree to the procedure. On one side of this debate are those who describe themselves as, “pro-life,” believe abortions are de-humanizing- and should be banned because the embryo should have the same human rights as the mother. On the other side, are those who classify themselves as, “pro-choice-” and they support abortion and believe any woman should have the right to control what they choose to do with their body.
The first recorded abortion was performed in the early 1800’s in Connecticut, and as it soon spread amongst other women, it was banned in the U.S. by 1880. Due to this, women resorted to harmful, dangerous abortions in acts of desperation to remove the fetus. One dangerous practice involved- the consumption of harmful chemicals. (ourbodiesourselves.org, 2014). American birth control activist, Margaret Sanger, devoted her time to the legalization of birth control. She fought for legalizing- a medication that prevents unwanted pregnancies. Although she was arrested multiple times, this didn’t stop her from fighting for women’s human rights and by 1952, Sanger established the first Planned Parenthood Federation, which today is known as a non-profit organization that provides sexual and reproductive health care for women and men. (biography.com)
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