Essay: Disadvantaged groups (notes)

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  • Subject area(s): Sociology essays
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  • Published on: December 6, 2019
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  • Disadvantaged groups (notes)
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In Canadian Societies the group that are looked upon as disadvantaged, are suspected to increases in poverty. The groups are;

  1. Women
  2. Children
  3. Persons with Disability
  4. Aboriginal People

Women

  • Increasingly evident is that women’s economic dependency within a patriarchal society has made poverty very likely
  • Known as Feminization of poverty; means that, without the support of a man, a women is likely to be poor. (Stats on pg.206)
  • At every stage of their lives, women are more prone to poverty than men, and more likely to be trapped, and eventually die, in a life of poverty

The household as an economic unit

Private Realm

  • Social and Biological reproduction (mostly women dominated)

Public Realm

  • Productive Labour, earning an income (dominated by men)

Women Men

* Double Ghetto

  • Unpaid Domestic Labour *Highly paid, high-status
  • Poorly Paid (low-status pink- white-collar, physical blue

Collar jobs in paid work force collar

* Private Realm *Public Realm

  • greater suitability for -greater suitability for hard

soft, emotional, passive, & nurturant cold aggressive,

roles of wife, mother, and overall caregiver competitive marketplace

  • Traditional Pink Collar sectors clerical, teaching, nursing, social work, and domestic violence.

~ Double Day- to do a full day’s work outside of the home during the day, followed by the equivalent amount of time doing domestic labour required to keep the household operating.

~ Women were “pushed” into the labour force as result of economic downturn (recession). Single income homes were experiencing economic difficulties.

~ 1989, 58% Canadian women in paid labour force

~ Women are getting “pulled” out off traditional pink-collar jobs.

~ Technological Changes

– Bule-collar jobs are been lost, typically male dominated

– Unemployment in bule-collar areas has pushed women into the labour force, in some cases have become the sole breadwinner

– Has opened vast opportunities for traditional female-dominated women, example clerical work.

~ Lone Parents

– In 1991, lone-parents made up 13% of all Canadian families (separation, divorce, widowhood, and single parents after or no marriage.

– Female lone-parents tend to be young, less educated, and more likely to live in poverty

– 1991 30% of poor families were lone mothers.

– Become dependent on sate and face systemic blocks to their opportunities to “get off the system.”

– Excludes women from getting enough education and training to develop a career that might eventually lead to economic independence (early pregnancy)

– Old women, outlive male counterparts, may find themselves impoverished , living in a fixed income and all alone.

– Growing visibility of homeless women.

~ Children

– 1million children growing in poverty

– 1 out of 5 children living in poverty

– Children are more vulnerable to poverty, dependent, economically as well as emotionally, on the family unit (if the family is poor so are the children)

– Causes of poverty; chronic illness, physical disability, or emotional difficulties; poor academics attainment; dropping out of high school; living in unsafe housing; smoking; and early pregnancy.

~ Persons With Disabilities

Defined as ” any restrictions or lack (resulting from an impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being”

– Considered FREAKS at first, b/c unentitled to work

– Routinely discriminated against in the job market

– Depend on state support, incomes tend to be low and geared at providing a subsistence level of survival.

– Gender and disability are a bad combo!! Stats on pg’s 212-213

~ Aboriginal People

– Strong likelihood of poverty, disease, and short lifespan

– History of hatred, discrimination, violence against them, and imperialistic state

– Structurally maintained in a situation of poverty example reserves

– SYSTEMIC DISCRIMINATION and racism at the hands of schools, and employers

Consequences Of Poverty

~ Poor-Quality Food & Health

– Families buy cheap food, usually additives and high fat content are common in low-priced foods

– Consuming high does causes cancer such as chroinic disease (always related to poverty)

– Lack of educations, cause of poor diet

– Illness during winter, can’t afford expensive winter clothing

– Food banks and shelters given to help the poor

– 40% are children at food banks

– 40% that use tat use the food bank are people with high school diplomas or more

~ Welfare

– Below the low-income cutoffs.

– 63% of recipients were families in 1990.

~ Homelessness

– Is a category for those who have no fixed address.

– Live in a capitalist society, considered “underclass”

– NO one know how many homeless people there are b/c no one monitors them

– Public Sector –fixed address, phone #, SIN#, driver’s licence, health insurance, bank account, and Paid employment

– Homeless people considered less than human, and belong in the gutter (humanity, is homefulness and property ownership.

– Rely on Soup kitchens, food banks, emergency shelters, public washrooms, public transportation, public libraries, and all-night doughnut shops

– Women’ economic dependency means that they are more vulnerable to becoming homeless.

– Concealed homelessness – means the condition of living temporarily with friends or family.

– Potential homelessness—means those, particularly women, who could be homeless at any time or will be soon. Dependency on male breadwinners whose paid labour provides a roof over their heads, these women are not yet homeless.

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