Provision of irrigation facilities and encouragement to expand cooperatives were among the main strategies which were followed for agricultural development in Maharashtra.
Different social groups responded differently to these new opportunities. The differential responses were a result of the differing material conditions of the groups and their perceptions of their own interests.
It was also a matter of differing values and attitudes.
Maharashtra is in forefront in the use of bio -technology in the country with issue culture technology the production of quality planting material is gaining immense popularity for micro propagation of various cash crops flowering shrub and trees.
Since the farmers are attracted immensely towards this technology, Govt. of Maharashtra would like to decide the slate policy regarding use of bio technology in agriculture. In order to take a stock of present scenario of various aspects pertaining to bio technology Govt. of Maharashtra has appointed a committee under the chairmanship of Principal Secretary, Agriculture of Govt. of Maharashtra.
The nature and level of human efforts applied and the quality of physical environment give rise to spatial variation in the agricultural patterns.
technology of hybrid seed and other use by framer to increased productivity.
Economic factor is affected all the criteria of agriculture in Maharashtra.
the temporal aspects are studied at the district level to appreciate the overall picture of changes in agricultural patterns. The investigation excludes the Thane city tahsil being predominantly urban area.
Season and crop reports published by the Government of Maharashtra , formed a major source of data on land use and cropping patterns at district level.
Annual socio-economic review and district socio-economic abstracts of Thane districts were the sources of data on land use, cropping patterns, irrigation, population and other economic activities.
This has a cascading effect on the secondary economic sectors, the overall economy, food inflation and therefore the overall quality and cost of living for the general population
As rural communities that can no longer support themselves with agriculture move to the overcrowded urban centres, they increase the demands on the infrastructure and economies of these cities
Climate change is beginning to cause disruptions to the monsoon, the seasonal rains which provide water to the Indian state of Maharashtra
This rainfall shortage has multiple detrimental effects, damaging agricultural productivity, and leading to shortages of drinking and household water in rural communities and urban centers.
Maharashtra in farmers have begun to shift away from the production of cotton, cereal grains, and sugar cane, which all can be produced more easily in other states.
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