Provision of irrigation facilities and encouragement to expand cooperatives were among the main strategies which were followed for agricultural development in Maharashtra.
Different social groups responded differently to these new opportunities. The differential responses were a result of the differing material conditions of the groups and their perceptions of their own interests.
It was also a matter of differing values and attitudes.
Maharashtra is in forefront in the use of bio -technology in the country with issue culture technology the production of quality planting material is gaining immense popularity for micro propagation of various cash crops flowering shrub and trees.
Since the farmers are attracted immensely towards this technology, Govt. of Maharashtra would like to decide the slate policy regarding use of bio technology in agriculture. In order to take a stock of present scenario of various aspects pertaining to bio technology Govt. of Maharashtra has appointed a committee under the chairmanship of Principal Secretary, Agriculture of Govt. of Maharashtra.
The nature and level of human efforts applied and the quality of physical environment give rise to spatial variation in the agricultural patterns.
technology of hybrid seed and other use by framer to increased productivity.
Economic factor is affected all the criteria of agriculture in Maharashtra.
the temporal aspects are studied at the district level to appreciate the overall picture of changes in agricultural patterns. The investigation excludes the Thane city tahsil being predominantly urban area.
Season and crop reports published by the Government of Maharashtra , formed a major source of data on land use and cropping patterns at district level.
Annual socio-economic review and district socio-economic abstracts of Thane districts were the sources of data on land use, cropping patterns, irrigation, population and other economic activities.
This has a cascading effect on the secondary economic sectors, the overall economy, food inflation and therefore the overall quality and cost of living for the general population
As rural communities that can no longer support themselves with agriculture move to the overcrowded urban centres, they increase the demands on the infrastructure and economies of these cities
Climate change is beginning to cause disruptions to the monsoon, the seasonal rains which provide water to the Indian state of Maharashtra
This rainfall shortage has multiple detrimental effects, damaging agricultural productivity, and leading to shortages of drinking and household water in rural communities and urban centers.
Maharashtra in farmers have begun to shift away from the production of cotton, cereal grains, and sugar cane, which all can be produced more easily in other states.
In 2013, Maharashtra is facing the worst drought in over 40 years, after receiving less than 50% of the standard rainfall during the last two monsoon seasons.
Current systems of water-rationing, rain water collecting, and other temporary solutions are not enough to cope with the dual challenges of expanding population and decreased rainfall due to climate change.
the wave of anti Brahman sentiment accompanying Gandhi’s
Assassination that led the Maratha plurality to vote for political leader of their own caste an additional factor in Maharashtra political and voting related to agriculture.
Maharashtra is India’s second largest producer of sugarcane and maharashtrian state politics has been profoundly affected by the sugar industry.
There is not one single cause for the suicides; therefore this paper looks at the several compounding factors political that influence the decision of the farmers to commit suicide.
The Reform: Simplification Of Legal And Procedural Framework For Conversion Of Agricultural Land To Non Agricultural Purposes.
Reforms for simplification of legal and procedural framework for conversion of agricultural land, should not be seen in isolation, but as part of the overall package of reforms in land and property markets.
In addition to these legal provisions, statutory provisions need to be clear with respect to issues that are consequent of the conversion process. The Acts should clearly provide for mechanism for appeal, dispute in jurisdiction, appellate authority, compensation for land loser (loss either in terms of actual land or decline in value), transfer of development rights, etc.
policy making by government for legally land purchased for agriculture sector to improver productivity.
Not surprisingly, recent developments have brought to the fore numerous ethical issues that are central to food security and to sustainable rural development and natural resource management; they are therefore of prime concern to FAO.
The aim of stimulating international discussion and deepening the general understanding of key ethical issues, we are now launching as specific publications series to treat this multifaceted subject.
The population of Maharashtra is constantly changing. To determine changes in population, the Government of Maharashtra State of the Census gathers data on counts of people, that distribution and their characteristics.
Population size and its distribution of geographical units are among the most important elements in the study of population.
These elements are closely associated with the potential for population growth and decline, the economic situation, the age profile and other population characteristics. Information on population size and distribution is vital if programs relating to agriculture.
...(download the rest of the essay above)