Essay: Research Skills and Academic Literacy

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  • Published on: August 12, 2017
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  • Research Skills and Academic Literacy
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Task 1

Table 1: Q5 technique: Teamwork Development ( Chemical Engineering ‘ Journal 1)

Q5 Questions Title of the paper: Teamwork Development ‘Process, Outcomes, and lesson learned

1 What is the research/ telling question or questions?

This should be the research question(s) identified from the paper. You can state hypotheses/propositions as well. Comment on whether the authors have considered ethics in the design of their study. Question’s

1.) How will the effective teamwork improve the knowledge?

2.) What is the precaution measurement to overcome the conflict resolution?

3.) Which stage do you perceive to be most important? Why

2 What are the key concepts? This will come from their review of the literature. What are the main ideas/ constructs? Write a list of keywords, not sentences. Teamwork Development, Evaluation result, Conflict resolution, intervention, Framework and methodology and Knowledge of effective teamwork

3 What methods are used?

This is very important. Describe, justify and explain the design of any

Research instruments they used to collect the data.

What are the relative

Advantages/disadvantages of their approach. Teamwork is cooperation between those who are working together on a task. There a few method are used. Probably, an engineering education, focusing the group study to be carried out an assessment of teamwork through employ team self-evaluation. It is proof that highly valued on design concepts.

Based on existing research paper to measure the thought of: The Teamwork developments have trust building and active listening and the lead hypothesis of teamwork awareness such as systematic intervention in enhancing and conception of partnership.

‘ Background and Literature (Teamwork and development, Teamwork models)

‘ Framework and Methodology (Pre and post, self-assessment)

Apart of the research, it showed a positive impact on teamwork skills through systematic intervention and identified unusual behaviours in a team environment.

Advantages

‘ Monitoring the team progress.

‘ Communication and co-operation.

‘ Team Commitment.

‘ Trust each other, the more people they work together, the more they gain in knowledge.

‘ Listening and understanding real problems and mutual understanding.

‘ Looking at things perspective of others can increase the quality innovation.

‘ Can create better communications and respectful relationship among students.

Disadvantages

‘ Too many people, many ideas and many experts can lead to problems.

‘ Selfish and conflicts arise

‘ The misconception of teamwork.

‘ Lack of technical knowledge.

‘ Improper time management.

4 What answers are presented?

Very important_ write a summary of the findings and a critique of the quality of the research. 3 and 4 should have at least 200 words in each section. Based on Author Education for Chemical Engineers, the summary of findings is as follows. The overall purpose of research is to maintain the level of Teamwork development across the curriculum for a chemical engineering student.

Played important roles in determining the success of this team. The results of this study indicate that these essential attributes need to be very careful consider by students when teamwork activities date proposed.

On top of that the review refers to;

‘ Major Components of TEAMWORK

‘ Plan and strategy to become a productive team member.

Meanwhile, the Teamwork models and framework are well-structured cooperative learning group can be differentiated to have five essential elements; complete independence, face to face promotive interaction, individual accountability, teamwork skill and group processing.

A method of demonstration how the thoughtful implementation of self and peer assessment and process can be use, to promote, monitor and provide feedback on the development of students.

Played important roles in determining the success of this team. The results of this study indicate that these essential attributes need to be very careful by students when the teamwork activities date proposed.

This play a significant role in engaging students in developing both their technical and more generic professional skills. Ongoing research is focusing on providing more efficient and effective’s resources for this feedback session.

5 What is the contribution of this work? How novel is this?

What is their claim?

Is this an extension of another researcher’s work but in a different context/ country/system? How could it be developed further? This novel claims on develop teamwork skills across the curriculum of Chemical Engineers.

This contributes to the enhanced awareness of teamwork development concepts & important role of paying attention & lead to higher team effectiveness.

Improved aiming to develop the Teamwork Development & skills in group project studies.

Table 1: Q5 technique : Transversal Competences ( Journal 2)

Q5 Questions Title of the paper: Transversal Competence (Journal 1)

1

What is the research/ telling question or questions? This should be the research question(s) identified from the paper. You can state hypotheses/propositions as well. Comment on whether the authors have considered ethics in the design of their study. Question’s

4.) Why the Transversal competence necessary to Engineering student in the European Higher Education.

5.) What are the main challenges and insufficient aspect of a transversal talent, when to execute a competence-based education system?

6.) What are the apparatus used to measure the performance of competence development?

2 What are the key concepts? This will come from their review of the literature. What are the main ideas/ constructs? Write a list of keywords, not sentences. Competence Development, transversal competences, Alignment, Methodology, Evaluation, Skill works, Teamwork, problem-solving.

3 What methods are used?

This is very important. Describe, justify and explain the design of any

Research instruments they used to collect the data.

What are the relative

Advantages/disadvantages of their approach. Competence is Comprehensive knowledge of power in accomplishment desire of proficiency. The essential elements of Transversal expertise have segregated; skill, knowledge, problem solving, psychological (Skill & Attitude) and Social dimension.

The Transversal Competences instruments serve as mean or tools for attaining a given goals. Based on existing research paper to measure the thought of;

‘ Methodology ( Data collection instrument, Statistical Analysis and Sample)

‘ Analysis of Results (Initial Analysis, Gender, Study Program and year of study)

The relationships used to determine the contribution of variances between difference developments of level in a dimension that shape and analysed the gender, study program, year of study.

Advantages

‘ Good for the student to gain or learn the new competence skill such as skill works, leadership skill, and problem-solving skill also teamwork ability.

‘ Contribute to resolve and improve the alignment of competencies, Methodology and Evaluations.

‘ Help to detect the student weakness thought evaluation of level competencies development

Disadvantages

‘ The Evaluation and teaching competencies are main challenges for Professors.

‘ The educational model should demonstrate and consider due to concurrent changing society demand on the skill and attitude of future professional.

‘ Business today welcome more competence professional instead of experienced expect.

‘ Lack of posthoc analysis to identify the similar or difference between years.

4 What answers are presented?

Very important_ write a summary of the findings and a critique of the quality of the research. 3 and 4 should have at least 200 words in each section.

Based on Authors acknowledgement on the research paper for the University of Merida a summary of the findings as follow. The overall purpose of research is to maintain the level of development of transversal competence of engineering student. Furthermore, they review the training method to develop the competencies basis with worked based principals and objective.

‘ To analyse the level of development of the dimension to shape up with gender, study program and year of study.

‘ To study relationships between the different aspects examined.

In addition to this competence transversal, EHEA in Engineering student need to demonstrate the ability to overcome changing of society demands for the future profession through competencies professional. The implementation these to improve the employability and respond more efficiently to labour market also promoting lifelong learning. The essential elements of an ordinary degree in transversal competences are instrumental, interpersonal and systematic. Uniquely, Study shows EHEA begun to resolve a problem throughout improve the alignment of competencies, methodology and evaluation. Occasionally, it is also can be done through questionnaires.

As a matter of fact, a significant contribution to a lifetime of the field study is not exempt from limitations. In conclusion, longitudinal study will overcome the transferable skills in transversal competence.

5 What is the contribution of this work? How novel is this?

What is their claim?

Is this an extension of another researcher’s work but in a different context/ country/system? How could it be developed further? The novel is for the purpose of ascertaining the level of development of the transversal power of engineering student.

Their claims are the Bologna process pose challenges in the development of Transversal Competences.

Demonstration and development of competencies through the longitudinal study.

Task 2

INTRODUCTION

Recently the appropriate skills if the foundation of successful teamwork, both personally and professionally. However, we communicate with much more than words. In fact, research shows that the majority of competencies is born from teamwork. In general, a team is ‘a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to common purposes. The capability and teamwork skill most challenge discipline in the university education life are principally engineering students by Hong Kong and Spain.

It aims to encourage a range of skills, and we mean transversal competencies when the skill may be common to several situations. The ability to understand and use capability skills in teamwork is a powerful tool that will help to connect with others, express what you mean, navigate challenging situations, and build a better relationship between students. The concurrent both paper had focused the competencies required teamwork amongst student. Concurrent competencies and collaboration have revealed the applying the said discipline through design, a method such as qualitative, quantity and evaluations. Teamwork skill had built upon knowledge attitudes, skills and processes, the development of cooperation requires instructional practices such as cognitive apprenticeship method that combine modelling, explanation, and practice in a relevant context, feedback and experimentation applied to the partnership.

Tentatively students, must understand principles and attributes of effective’s teamwork, practise skills, receive feedback on group work and adopt practices of self-monitoring and self-regulation in their teams. To execute these critical competencies development, we must build teachers capacity in the competence oriented education. Therefore skill works and Teamwork development added.

COMPARATIVE REVIEW – METHODOLOGY

This paper intends to explore strengthen and weaknesses of teamwork, according to the engineering students in Spain and Hong Kong. The overview survey presents learning competencies, learning, collaboration and assessment. The study focuses on collaboration, and the results of the survey were selected accordingly, which is a category of the motivation of learning, interpersonal skills, the impact of assessment. In the end, students have the opportunity to point out positive and negative topics and also to give suggestion to improve the project experiences. Therefore methodology uses a quantitative and qualitative instrument to collect the opinion and perception by writing and discussion in an open and informal environment to express without fear of repressions.

Advantages of learning methodology are as follows:-

‘ Teamwork

‘ Time management

‘ Working together to achieve individual goals

‘ Development of social competencies

‘ Project Dynamic

METHODS

Competencies are Comprehensive knowledge of power in accomplishment desire of proficiency. Today in Europe the competence-based education has been execution and one of the principal thesis. As mentioned earlier the key elements of Transversal competences has segregate to complex competencies that are skills, knowledge, problem solving, cognitive (Skill and Attitude) and Social dimension.

Moreover, this implementation in higher education for engineering students to improve the employability, to respond more efficiently to the labour market whereby Teamwork is co-operation between those who are working together on a task. There are few methods used. Probably, an engineering education, focusing the group study to carried out an assessment of teamwork through employ self-evaluation. It is proof that highly valued on design concepts.

Meanwhile, the teamwork models and framework are well-structured cooperative learning group can be differentiated to have five elements that are positive independent, face to face interaction, individual accountability, teamwork skill and grouping processing. In the other part, framework and methodology divided to teamwork development and Methodology. Teamwork developments have trust building and active listening and the lead hypothesis of teamwork awareness such as systematic intervention in enhancing and conception of partnership. Subsequently methodology consists of Pre and post-test in the student knowledge, self-assessment on team and peers, faculty assessment, focus group interviews and conflict resolution styles also result.

Apart of the research, it showed a positive impact on teamwork skill through systematic intervention and identified both behaviours in a team environment.

RELATIVE

In addition to the scenario, the relationship used to determine the contribution of variances between difference developments of level in a dimension that shape and analysed the transversal competence, such as gender, study program, year of study. Even through in the same engineering field but different programs.

Students of engineering, their perception of analysis and results are as follows.

FIGURE 1 – Development of Skills

FIGURE 2 ‘ TEAMWORK

FIGURE 3 ‘ STUDENT ASSESSMENT

Strengthen

In general, students in Hong Kong and Spain are quite active in regards of benefit as learning methodology as seen in figure 2 which analysis dimension of Development of Skills. An overall analysis of students showed a high average students classification in regards to the dimensions included in the survey. The comparison has an active contribution to the development of essential skills for student’s future careers of engineers, such as communication skills. Besides the competencies, this comparison is a better understanding of contents, to apply them in a real situation. There is a link between theory and practical and interdisciplinary.

Weakness

Compares of Hong Kong and Spain, one of the items stands out when looking at Figure 2, above is the below average obtained in the item related to formal meetings and role played by students in the team. However, students seem not to understand or recognise the imperative of adopting this precise position through the comparisons articles, arguing the informal strategies are preferred most of the times. This attitude can eventually by explained by the fact that students see each other daily and work on the projects together, which can make this formal meeting and roles unnecessary.

As disadvantages results, as methodology, the students from Hong Kong & Spain indicates of (1) Time required for the projects, (2) the need or difficulty to integrate the contents of the plan, (3) effort and impact put on projects in final grades.

Suggestions for Improvement

From figure 2, 3 and 4, it is impossible to conclude the dimension of comparison between students of engineer by Hong Kong and Spain seems more debilitated, with some aspects requiring greater attention by the coordination team. For coordination team, the current assessment method disclosed the need to clarify the evaluation criteria. Several factors contribute to team performance.

Co-operation involved everyone working together to achieved a common goal. Instead of worrying about little things everyone must see the big picture and work towards that together. The ultimate sound quality is respect for one another. Each person must realize that everyone is different and that everyone has something different to bring to the table. With respect, every person is heard, everyone’s idea and everyone is happy to work with one another.

FINDINGS

TEAMWORK DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSVERSAL COMPETENCES.

Generally in this task, we present data related to professionals’ perspective in regards competencies through projects in interaction with students. In data of analysis, four categories were identified as:-

‘ Technical competencies

Students that integrates the notion of diversity to focus on the different area of skills through the teamwork.

‘ Transversal competencies

Teamwork experiences develop a professional practice. Data also shows the leadership is one of the transversal competencies identified for improvement. This is consistent with studies of team management, motivation and conflict management that has related to teamwork.

‘ Curriculum students

This is significant learning on the teamwork competencies amongst engineering students to get related experiences motivations.

Discussion of Results

On the two research posed earlier. The results of this findings showed a positive impact on teamwork skills through systematic and identified encouraging behaviours of Hong Kong Chinese students. Moreover a team environment whereby since a large proportion of competencies allows to detect a lack of team working ability. Therefore, that could be supplemented or enhanced by more group work tasks and through the use of different cooperative learning techniques. On the other hand, it is greater ability to maintain performance in adverse situations of other programs analysed in this work.

Advantages and Disadvantages

There are few approach pros and cons for these Transversal Competences:-

Advantages

‘ Good for the students to gain or learn the new competencies skill such as skill works, leadership skill, and problem-solving skills and also teamwork ability. The labour market highly values it and improve employability and respond more efficiently.

‘ Help to detect the student weakness throughout evaluation of level competencies development.

‘ Contribute to resolve and improve the alignment of skills, Methodology and Evaluations.

Disadvantages

‘ The Evaluation and teaching competencies are main challenges for Professors.

‘ The educational model should demonstrate and consider due to concurrent changing society demand on the skill and attitude of future professional.

‘ Business today welcome more competence professional instead of experienced expert.

‘ Lack of Post-hoc analysis to identify the similarities of differences between years.

There are few approach advantages and disadvantages for this Teamwork Development:-

Advantages

‘ Monitoring the team progress.

‘ Communication and co-operation.

‘ Team commitment.

‘ Trust each other, the more people they work together, the more they gain in knowledge.

‘ Listening and understanding real problems and mutual understanding.

‘ Looking at things perspective of others can increase the quality innovation.

‘ Can create better communications and respectful relationship among students.

Disadvantages

‘ Too many people and many ideas also many experts can lead to problems.

‘ Selfish and conflicts arise.

‘ The misconception of teamwork.

‘ Lack of technical knowledge.

‘ Improper time management.

Through this approach, the project topic shall be assessed by the supervisor using a rubric from against nine criteria that are:-

‘ Opportunity for teamwork development.

‘ Technical competency and capability of a team project.

‘ Availability of equipment is required.

‘ The time needed for project completion.

‘ Variability in discipline, knowledge and skills.

‘ Project cost.

‘ The risk in operational safety.

‘ Involvement of hazardous materials.

Demonstration and development of competencies through the longitudinal study whereby enhanced aiming to develop the Teamwork Development and skills in the group project studies. The contribution to enhanced awareness and the critical role of paying and led to higher team effectiveness and this novel claims on developing teamwork across the curriculum of Chemical Engineers whereby Bologna process pose challenges in the Development of Transversal Competences.

As a matter of fact, a significant contribution to a lifetime of the field study is not exempt from limitations. In, conclusion, longitudinal study will overcome the transferable skills in transversal competence. Whereby teamwork plays important model plays in determining the success of generic professional team skills. Ongoing research is focusing on providing more efficient and effective’s resources for this activity proposed.

CONCLUSION

This critical comparative review of the two articles among the engineering students explored the strength and weakness of teamwork by Hong Kong and Spain engineers. Students acknowledge that promoted the development of essential competencies of a better understanding of real life application. Comparisons specified students give importance on teamwork and prefer to learn to work in teams. The main weakness by both University of students are referring to the formal role of team members within meetings, along with the needs for such formal meetings are not important. The main strengthen by both University of students are referring to Teamwork.

This study is from through experiences and reflection students can abstract principles about factors that contribute to high performing team. This project based on design work, accompanied by knowledge about teamwork that is reinforced consistently through reflective activities and experience of collaboration that student of engineering brings to foundational courses in design in several specific dimensions.

These findings suggested that with proper training and guidance, Hong Kong students could deal with conflicts in a constructive manner that could lead a higher team effectiveness. The important role of instructors in paying attention to the team process rather than just the product has highlighted whereby the development of transversal competences in the new engineering study program, the nine major components obtained allow to associate them with the competencies of each degree to study correlations between them. Thus, possible to generate information that is reliable, valid and easy to obtain.

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