The unparalleled relationship between human activity and environmental changes as central to public policy, draw some public interest worldwide. It is public knowledge that human activity causes climate change, which affect both economies and societies. Natural catastrophe like storms, floods and droughts increases its figure to threefold within 30 years resulting to destruction on the environment particularly in developing country. An estimated 25 million to 1 billion people could be forced to leave their home because of the climate change over the next 40 years. In this concern, 194 countries in the world gather to discuss the possibilities and ways in adapting climate change. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and 1, 380 international organization and non- governmental organizations (NGO’s) listed as observer organizations (Beddington, 2011).
Human mobility is normally known as the outcome of environmental change. It has been a natural occurrence that people leave their home in response to environmental change. However, 20 yrs. ago it begun to attract the attention of the international community upon slowly realizing the link and implication that human movement consequence climate change and environment. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) cautioned, ‘the greatest single impact of climate change could be on human migration’. In addition, according to IOM (1992) as cited by Laczko & Aghazan (2009) :
‘Large numbers of people are moving as a result of environmental degradation that has increased dramatically in recent years. The number of such migrants could rise substantially as larger areas of the earth become uninhabitable as a result of climate change.’ (p. 13)
Environmental migration has not been an interesting topic for research until 10 years ago. The main reason for the unconcerned interest was that there has been hardly consensus among researchers with regards to the relationship between environmental change and migration. However, due to various conferences, professional assemblies, and new research topics it heightened awareness of the interconnection between environment and human movement and their relevance (Laczko & Aghazan, 2009).
As environment getting worse and human suffer the consequences for their own action. With this kind of problem our world will be facing. It’s inevitable not to raise few questions. Will migration be short term or long term? Any organizations contributed some solutions? In the end, the research questions I formulated as :
Identify how policy implementation
The following are concepts presented are essential to answering the research question.
Migration refers to population mobility, individual act moving from home to ‘distant’ places. This human movement can be classified as either by force or voluntary depending on the situation. Voluntary migration by means of free will and organized plans, like job opportunity or education while migration as a force to leave home due to extreme hardships because of environmental changes (Boyle, 2009). In relation to my problem area, migration refers to human mobility as consequences to climate change, it is difficult to draw a conclusion or make generalization with regards to migration as patterns. However, this concept is one of my focus topic and is essential to answering my research questions.
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