3.1 Location and Size:
The Kassena-Nankana West District is one of the thirteen districts in the Upper East Region of Ghana. It was carved out of the Kassena-Nankana Municipal in 2007 and initiated on Friday, 28th February 2008. The Local Government Instrument which established the region is Legislative Instrument (L.I) 1855. The paramount idea of creating this Assembly was to bring the business of governance to the doorsteps of the ordinally Ghanaians. It is located approximately between latitude 10.97” North and longitude 01.10” West. The district has a total land area of approximately 1,004 sq. km. The Kassena-Nankana West District shares boundaries with Burkina Faso to the north, Bongo District to the north-east, Bolgatanga Municipal to east, Kassena-Nankana Municipal to the south, Bulsa District south-west and Sissala East District to the west (Ghana Statistical Service, 2014.).
Fig 2.1: Geographical guide of the KNWD.
3.2 Vegetation Characteristics
The vegetation is mainly of Sahel Savannah type consisting of open savannah with fire swept grassland separating deciduous trees among which might be seen a couple of wide leafed and fire-leached tree species. Some the most densely vegetated parts of this district can be found along river basins and forest reserves. Examples are the Sissili and Asibelika basins. The majority of these trees in the forested areas shed their leaves during the dry season. The human activities over the years have likewise influenced the original vegetation considerably. Basic trees which are also of economic importance include: Dawadawa, Sheanut, Baobab, Nim and Mango. The low vegetation cover of the area hampers adequate precipitation consequently decreasing underground water supply (Ghana Statistical Service, 2014. ).
3.3 Relief and Drainage
The district is underlain mainly by Birrimian and Granitic rock formation. The relief of the district is generally low lying and undulating with isolated hills ascending to 300m above sea level in the western piece of the district. Prominently among these hills are Fie (9280m above sea level), Busono 350m, and Zambao 360m. The district is mainly drained by the Sissili River and its tributaries. There are however some few dug-outs and ponds which are used for domesticated animals rearing, crop production and domestic purposes (Ghana Statistical Service, 2014. ).
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