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Essay: Fighting Cancer with Nanomedicine

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  • Subject area(s): Health essays
  • Reading time: 2 minutes
  • Price: Free download
  • Published: 23 October 2015*
  • File format: Text
  • Words: 310 (approx)
  • Number of pages: 2 (approx)

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Cancer is one of the main causes of mortality worldwide and this is nearly 7.6 million deaths (around 13% of all deaths) in 2008. From those days to now, cancer effecting on the death incidence increased accordingly. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there will be 15 million new cases of cancer worlwide in 2020. More than 90% of cancer deaths occur by the spread of ill-intentioned cells to healthy organs, a terminological called metastasis. Academia, Pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies are making substantial research investments in order to develop specific treatments that can destroy cancer.Also, Nanotechnology in cancer treatments is already a reality providing a wide range of new tools and possibilities, from earlier diagnostics and improved imaging to better, more efficient, and more targeted therapies which is called nanomedicine. Nanomedicine can remedy huge possibility for cancer treatments with own solutions.This essay will be devolved in two main parts: Firstly, I will examine the types of nanomedicine’s applications for cancer treatments.Secondly, how to treat cancer throuhg nanomedicine.
In this paragraph I will explain the types of nanomedicine’s applications for cancer treatments. Nanomaterials come in many flavors. They include lipid-based vehicles (liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, and micelles) (Fox, Szoka & Frechet 2009; Sahoo&Labhasetwar 2003.); polymer carriers, such as hydrogels, polymersomes , and nanofibers (Torchilin, 2001 ; Hartgerink, Beniash & Stupp 2002.); metallic nanoparticles (gold, silver, and titanium) (Zhang,Xu,Lam, Giljohann, Ho & Mirkin 2011); carbon structures [nanotubes, nanohorns, and nanodiamonds (NDs)] (Mochalin, Shenderova & Gogotsi 2011.); and inorganic particles, such as silica (Liong, Lu , Kovochich & Ruehm 2008.). These nanomaterials have been considered as drug and imaging agent delivery vehicles (or even as drugs and imaging agents themselves). Nanomedicine applications range from cancer to inflammation and regenerative medicine in essence, all sorts of that is clinical medicine. It is becoming clear, however, that different classes of materials are optimal for specific applications. For example, albumin is an effective solubilization platform for hard-to-deliver chemotherapeutics.

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