Alexander the Great, or Alexander of Macedonia as was his rightful title, was born in 356 BC. His parents were Philip the Second and Olympias of Epirus. Alexander was an only child and therefore the only heir should his father die. When his father married another woman, his family split with Alexander and his mother going to Epirus and his father staying in Macedonia. Alexander was tutored by the great philosopher Aristotle. During his youth became a great military commander and scholar. At the age of twenty when his father was murdered by a young Macedonian noble, he became king of Macedonia.
(King Philip and Queen Olympias)
His first battle at Charonea in 338 B.C was when was he was noticed by other nations as a great leader and fighter. When his father died and Alexander assumed the throne, his father’s army that he had built up became his own. With this greatly amassed army he started his way to conquering the world of that time. His next victories were great and when he conquered Egypt he was proclaimed the son of Zeus and Ammon. By the time he was thirty years old he had conquered the Persian Empire, which his father had hoped to conquer when he was alive.
He considered himself the king of all Asia. As conquered his foes, he was very tolerant of his foes cultures. This tolerance was possibly because his tutor Aristotle’s influence. Unfortunately every ruler has people who do not agree with his methods or ideas. As the Macedonian Empire grew the more Alexander liked what he saw of the Persian culture, but some of his court and generals did not like this. Alexander found out about this and killed the rebels, one of them was his closest friend.
There are a lot of theories surrounding Alexander’s death, whether they are true or not is still left to be resolved. Some say he had a problem with drinking so he could have had a problem with his body because of it. The marks he made on Macedonia at his death included the Hellenistic Period of art. The Hellenistic Period of art reflected Greek and Persian cultures.
‘History of Macedonia Blog’, Alexander the Great. Web. April 08, 2014. http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/AncientMacedonia/AlexandertheGreat.html
History.com Staff. ‘Alexander the Great’, History.com. A+E Networks. Web 2009. April 08, 2014. http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/alexander-the-great
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