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Essay: World War I

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  • Subject area(s): History essays
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  • Published: January 11, 2019*
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World war 1 (July 28, 1914 – Nov 11, 1918)

The war usually termed as the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that persists from 1914 to 1918. All the world’s economic great powers were involved in two opposing alliances. The two alliances are: 1) Allies (The Russian Empire, French, Ireland and the great Britain or say U.K. later on America(associated power), italy and japan joined it) while the 2) Central powers which involved (Germany as a main nation and austria hungary also later bulgaria joined it ). The United States declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917, The U.S. made its major inputs in terms of supplies, raw material and money, starting in 1917 as it joined the war to help UK and France.The U.S. was an independent power and did not officially join the Allies or never formally been member of allies. It closely cooperated with the Allies militarily but acted alone in diplomacy which ended up being self-styled power. The us army was small but it grew within period of time due to selective service act and so US government send 10000 fresh soldiers to france every day. In 1917, the U.S. Congress have permission for U.S. citizenship to Puerto Ricans to allow them to be drafted to participate in World War I, as part of the Jones–Shafroth Act. German General Staff think that it would be possible to defeat the British and French forces before American troops reinforced them were proven incorrect. The United states (navy) had send a lot of battleship groups to join the british grand fleet and help guard ships. Some of the marines of us navy was also dispatched to france. There were various conflicts where the british and french wanted american units to reinforce their own troops and not waste shipping to bring supplies, where general john pershing refused to break up american units to be used as filters. But also as exception he allowed to let it be used in african american regions for french.

As talked earlier United states has remained a neutral power who has been an important supplier to Britain and France and other allied power. In the beginning of war in 1914, the United States showed a policy of neutrality even though president Woodrow Wilson’s dislike against Germany. President Wilson aimed to broker a peace and sent his top aide, Colonel House, on repeated missions to the two sides, but each remained so confident of victory that they ignored peace proposals. For the proposal of war the American public opinion was divided, with most Americans until they were the part of war largely of the opinion that the United States should stay out of the war. But after period of time opinion changed gradually as partly as German Americans lost influence, as in response to German actions in Belgium and the Lusitania, and was also in response to Wilson’s situation that America had to play a role to make the world safe for democracy. Soon after that in january agin the Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare to get america in the war and were expecting their entry. Where the german foreign minister invited mexico in the war supporting germans against united states. In return they made a deal that germans would provide them with finance and help recover the regions of texas, new mexico and arizona. This message was given by united kingdom to the states which was publicly broadcasted. Aslo wilson tried a lot to keep the treaties of peace and called on some anti war elements but after sinking the merchant ships by submarines which made us declare the war on germany. Which also led to mexican american war.

In April 1914, President Woodrow Wilson ordered Marines to accompany a naval escort to Veracruz on the lower eastern coast of Mexico. After a brief battle, the Marines supervised the city government and prevented shipments of German arms to Mexican leader Victor Huerta until they departed in November 1914. The raid emphasized the continued reliance on naval forces and the difficulty in modernizing the military during a period of European imperial influence in the Caribbean and elsewhere. The threat of war in Europe enabled passage of the Naval Act of 1916. President Wilson declared that the national goal was to build the Navy as “incomparably, the greatest…in the world.” And yet Mexico still beckoned. The Wilson administration had withdrawn its support of Diaz, but watched warily as the Revolution devolved into assassinations and deceit. In 1916, Pancho Villa, a popular revolutionary in Northern Mexico, spurned by American support for rival contenders, raided Columbus, New Mexico. His raiders killed seventeen Americans and burned down the town center before they sustained severe casualties from American soldiers and retreated. In response, President Wilson commissioned Army General John “Black Jack” Pershing to capture Villa and disperse his rebels. Motorized vehicles, reconnaissance aircraft, and the wireless telegraph aided in the pursuit of Villa. Motorized vehicles in particular allowed General Pershing supplies without relying on railroads controlled by the Mexican government. The aircraft assigned to the campaign crashed or were grounded due to mechanical malfunctions, but they provided invaluable lessons in their worth and use in war. Wilson used the powers of the new National Defense Act to mobilize over 100,000 National Guard units across the country as a show of force in northern Mexico.

The main reasons for United States joining the war, was when united states tried to convince of the non-intervention policy, for making peace. Where after the disruption of germans on may 7, 1915; sank the “U-20 the british liner boat RMS” which resulted into 128 americans dead. The president Wilson said firmly that “America is too proud to fight”. He also tried to make a settlement but they were not supposed to tolerate this warfare was given as a warning, as in violation of the international law.

As a result of the war many economic penalties were imposed on germany in the treaty of versailles and allies got great victory over germany and the ottoman empire. Russia was not involved in war any more as it took withdrawal from the war as they got russian revolution. After germany had surrendered, united states pulled off and two thirds of americans soldiers returned back after the treaty was signed. The treaty was not ratified even after public support they rather signed one more treaty with germany, austria and hungary. The war heralded to the world the United States’ potential as a global military power, and, domestically, it advanced but then beat back American progressivism by unleashing vicious waves of repression. Ww1 ending caused creation of nazi germany leading to ww2

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