This research paper is based on the linguistic and cultural study of English and Romanian proverbs about women from the point of view of semantics, grammar and syntax. According to this, the purpose of the work is to examine semantic, grammatical and syntactical features of the English and Romanian proverbs about women, and to compare and contrast the cultural peculiarities identified. The woman is subjected to the bitterness and praise in proverbs because a distinct attention is paid to her role in society and family; since the creation of the world she tries to leave the background where the man placed her and to gain her place on her own.
The most important sources used in the research paper are: proverbs: Proverbs: A Handbook by Mieder W., American Proverbs about Women: A Reference Guide by Kerschen, L. and Realități sociale oglindite în proverbe by Zoltán, S. These books served as sources for both theory and examples.
The main objectives of this research are to define proverbs and to overview their etymology, to classify proverbs about women and to identify the human values related to women expressed in English and Romanian proverbs. The main research methods used in this study are analysis and synthesis, comparison and contrast.
The paper consists of an introduction, two chapters, conclusion, bibliography and appendix. The first chapter centers on the cultural and linguistic analysis of English and Romanian proverbs about women and the role of women in family and society. The second chapter describes and exemplifies the semantic, grammatical and syntactical peculiarities of proverbs about women. The results of the study are presented in the conclusions of the paper. The appendix is divided in the glossary of terms and corpus linguistics that comprises 150 of English and Romanian proverbs about women.
The motivation to study the cultural and linguistic aspects of proverbs about women comes from my interest for proverbs and the desire to make acquaintance with women\’s role in the society, their own world in which they have their rules and their power. Women were always criticized and admired, humiliated and loved, and all these are illustrated in proverbs that we read every day, we amuse ourselves with and comment upon. Not only the syntactical and grammatical structure of proverbs motivates a student to make a closer study on them, but also their meaning that becomes very important when decoding their messages and when applying their \’\’lessons\’\’ in real life.
The main purpose of this research paper is to analyze proverbs about women demonstrating their origin and cultural peculiarities, structure and classification according to different authors.
The hypothesis we admit in this research is that proverbs about women in both English and Romanian cultures rather criticize and mock at women due to their pretended inferiority to men and their nature difficult to be understood by men.
The practical value of this work consists in providing classifications of 150 proverbs about women analyzed in terms of linguistics, which can be useful for researchers working with proverbs, feminism and role of gender. It is also important in discussing the actuality of proverbs nowadays, which are used daily by everyone in speaking and writing, in schools when making essays and commentaries, sometimes in the headlines of articles.
The objectives of this research paper are:
o to define proverbs;
o to characterize the field that deals with the study of proverbs;
o to identify cultural peculiarities in English and Romanian proverbs about women;
o to determine the role of women in proverbs;
o to classify proverbs about women;
o to analyze the grammatical, semantic and syntactical structure of proverbs about women;
o to outline the human values related to women expressed in English and Romanian proverbs;
The main research methods used in this work are comparative and contrastive analysis between English and Romanian constructions, semantic and structural analysis. Classification is widely applied in the practical chapter of the study; 150 of examples of English and Romanian proverbs were collected and classified according to some principles related to semantic, grammatical and syntactical analysis.
The structure of the paper consists of an introduction, two chapters, conclusions, a bibliography, and the appendix that is divided in glossary of terms and corpus linguistics.
Chapter One studies the definitions and etymology of proverbs, grammatical, syntactical and semantic analysis of English and Romanian proverbs about women.
It also focuses on the characterization of the branch that deals with proverbs – paremiology. The classification of proverbs about women and the comparative and contrastive analysis between the cultural peculiarities in these structures are provided in this chapter.
Chapter Two examines 150 of examples of English and Romanian proverbs about women selected from various reliable sources. These have been classified and analyzed according to various criteria such as structure, meaning, message.
The conclusion comprises all the results of each subchapter analysis. It summarizes the information employed in the research and the results obtained in the practical chapter.
The main sources used in both chapters are Proverbs: A Handbook by Mieder W., American Proverbs about Women: A Reference Guide by Kerschen, L. and Realități sociale oglindite în proverbe by Zoltán, S., Cultural Dimensions in English and Romanian Proverbs by Lifari, V. and Vicol, D.
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