Hallucinogenic drugs produce changes in perception, thoughts, emotions, and consciousness, although their effects may vary by the type of the drug. For many decades hallucinogens have been considered as a psychogenic substance, and used by early cultures in a variety of religious ceremonies and social cultural contexts. Now hallucinogens are found in many types of plants and fungi or are synthetically produced, these drugs are know to be one of the oldest groups of drugs used to alter the human perception, granting the reach other realities and planes of consciousness. This paper will research the history of hallucinogens, classifications, names, forms of use, the affects physically and psychologically, how is produced and abused, and types of treatments. â
From generation to generation the use of hallucinogenic plants have been part of human experience, which has passed through ancient customs, acquiring the knowledge of the plants with potential hallucinogenic substances. Many indigenous communities have been using these hallucinogens in mystical healing rituals; unlike the contemporary use for a âpleasant escape from realityâ were users experience illusions of its subconscious mind or a complete distortion of the normal environment; illusions can last for hours or so called âtripsâ sometimes trips can feel really good, and sometimes can be very bad. The word âhallucinateâ comes from Latin words meaning, âto wander in the mindâ. The brain’s response to hallucinogens (Rev. ed.). (2009). Rockville, Md.?: National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health.
These plants are true natural chemical factories, whose products are complex chemicals that can cause extravagant hallucinations or artificial psychosis.
Drugs are classified by schedules by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), or by petition from any interested party.
To determine into which schedule a drugs or other substances are placed, the following factors take in consideration; 1) The drugâs actual or relative potential for abuse. 2) Scientific evidence of the drugâs pharmacological effect. 3) The state of current scientific knowledge regarding the substance. 4) Its history and current pattern of abuse. 5) The scope, duration, and significance of abuse. 6) What, if any, risk there is to the public health. 7) The drugâs psychic or physiological dependence liability. 8) Whether the substance is an immediate precursor of a substance already controlled. Drugs of Abuse: 2011 Edition, A DEA Resource Guide. (2011). PsycEXTRA Dataset, 9.
To determine into which schedule of drugs hallucinogens fall into, certain factors need to be considered. There are five types of schedules, theyâre based on the abuse potential and if they have any medical use. Hallucinogen fall into Schedule I; this schedule is classified as the following: the drug or substance has a high potential for abuse and dependence; the drug is currently not accepted as a medical use, this includes; heroin, gamma hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana, and Mushrooms. Drugs of Abuse: 2011 Edition, A DEA Resource Guide. (2011). PsycEXTRA Dataset, 9.
The origins of hallucinogens are from many plants and fungi, and also can be synthetically produced in the black market. These drugs are among the oldest knowing group of drugs used for the ability to alter human perception and mood. Hallucinogens are well know in the streets and some of their names include; Acid, Blotter, Blotter Acid, Cubes, Doses, Fry, Mind Candy, Mushrooms, Shrooms, Special K, STP, X, and XTC. These drugs come in a variety of form, shapes and colors. MDMA or ecstasy tablets are sold in many colors with different shapes and even with logos to attract buyers, in the other hand LSD is sold in form of pieces of thin paper with blotter acid and colorful printed designs. Drugs of Abuse: 2011 Edition, A DEA Resource Guide. (2011). PsycEXTRA Dataset, 60
Hallucinogens affect your wellbeing, it can change the way you feel emotionally, can make you feel confused and disoriented. Also can increase your heart rate and blood pressure Tips for teens: The truth about hallucinogens. (2004). PsycEXTRA Dataset. Retrieved September 15, 2015, from http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/lps55449/phd642.pdf
The Active ingredients of hallucinogens are well absorbed in the body by any route, with regular oral and inhalation. The potential dangers of the use of hallucinogens derived from psychological factors, may present intense anxiety, panic, depressive or paranoid reactions, change in mood, confusion and inability to distinguish between reality and fantasy, impairment of normal motivation to work, study or any productive activity and psychotic reactions which may be prolonged. The effects of the drug can be perceived even after the timed elapsed.
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