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Essay: The Art of War

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  • Subject area(s): Miscellaneous essays
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  • Published: 9 October 2015*
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  • Words: 1,150 (approx)
  • Number of pages: 5 (approx)

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The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise written by Sun Wu during the Spring and Autumn Period. Sun Wu is a Chinese military general, strategist and philosopher that born in Qi State. Sun Zi’s Art of War was famous in managing its general and troops for war. In this book, Sun Zi suggested the important of the planning and positioning in strategy. But, in this world now, we eventually apply some of the concepts in Sun Zi.
Generalship refers to his qualities of wisdom, trustworthiness, benevolence, courage and discipline.
Being a leader is not just based on someone’s strength in that particular field but the leadership within him. The importance of leader is to implement these strategic concepts and maximize the tremendous potential of employees. The traits of the preferred type of leader that Sun Zi described in Sun Zi Art of War is wisdom, trustworthiness, benevolence, courage and discipline. Leaders must be ‘the first in the toils and fatigues of the army’, putting their needs behind those of their troops and thus foster a strong sense of community with employees. According to Sun Zi, wisdom is the ability to observe the circumstances and the ability to analyze and judge the situations. Besides, wisdom is one of the important trait of a good leader since leader is the decision maker for every single decision and these decision may affect the operation of company as well as the profits earn. A leader without wisdom cannot lead the employees to the way of success. Trustworthiness is also important for a leader to develop mutual trust with employees. This mutual trust ensure the better development of company since the leader and employees are fully entrust each other to give their best to meet the company’s goal. While a benevolence leader creates a harmony workplace for employees and thus those employees will contribute more to the company because of the sense of belonging to the company. In addition, a courage leader can make certain decision without hesitation although those decisions are risk potential. Discipline concerns the ability to implement discipline and give punishment to those employees with bad performance.
Terrain refers to whether the route to be taken is long or short, whether the ground is treacherous or safe, wide or narrow with regard to ease of movement, and whether the ground will determine the death or survival (of an army).
In the corporate world, terrain refers to planning process but not the route taken by armies. Planning means the management function concerned with defining goals for future organizational performance and deciding on the tasks and resources needed. Planning helps the organization achieve high performance and simply to remain stable. A specific and clear-cut goals helps to reduce uncertainty as well as the overlapping and wasteful activities. Thus, it helps to save up the unnecessary expenses and resources that can be useful in somewhere else. Planning also ensure the higher commitment of employees since everyone knows their responsibilities. An organization’s performance can be hurt due to lack of planning or poor in planning. Planning also facilitate control that can compare the actual result with the forecast result and then analyse significant variances from forecast and take action to remedy situations where revenues were lower than plan or expenses higher. Besides, planning helps organizations get a realistic view of their current strengths and weaknesses relative to major competitors.
Weather refers to the contrasting changes of night and day, the coldness of winter and the heat of summer, and seasonal changes.
Weather in management perception is review as environmental changes that occur including customer preferences, increasing competitors, innovation of new technologies, economic forces such as economic growth or recession, fluctuation in human resources and the international arena. A general must know how to fight within the constraints of climatic conditions, and a CEO of a company also has to adapt strategies for environmental constraints. To be competitive, a company has to capitalize on the various changes in the economic and business environment and formulate its strategies accordingly. Thus, manager need to stay alert to environmental changes that may impact implementation and respond. To handle environmental changes, managers should develop specific yet flexible strategy. External or internal forces of environmental changes translate into a perceive needs for change within the organization. However, many people are not willing to change unless they perceive a problem or a crisis due to the fear for losing their possessions. Managers are responsible for monitoring threats and opportunities in the external environment as well as strengths and weaknesses within the organization to determine whether a need for change exists. During changes, manager should guide and encourage their employees in order to maintain high job performance of employees. On the other hand, employees who refuse to change need to be motivated and educated otherwise those employees will affect the overall performance of the organization.
Doctrine and law refers to organization and control, management systems and procedures, and the command and control structure for the deployment of resources.
Each organization has their respective policies and rules which apply to their organization culture, and makes it different from other companies. The law and rules must be set in a specific yet flexible way that can be changed or amended according to situation or environments. Organizing typically follows planning and reflects how the organization tries to accomplish the plan and goals. Organizing generally involves assigning task, grouping tasks into departments, delegating authority, and allocating resources thorough the organization. Organizing also refers to coordination of employers, human resource departments need to coordinate the right people to the right tasks according to the employees’ skills and ability. By determining the strengths can help them to set objectives, develop plans for meeting organization’s objectives, and take advantage on marketing opportunities. The leader of the organization needs to understand the organization strengths and weaknesses, so that they can assign the tasks for the right person. By doing so, can save up the resources of the organization and also boost up the productivity of the organization. Based on our definition of management, the manager’s responsibility is to coordinate and allocate resources of the organization in an effective and efficient manner to accomplish the organization’s goals. Organizational effectiveness is the degree to which the organization achieves a stated goal or accomplish what is the organization tries to do. Organizational efficiency basically refers to the amount of resources used to meet an organizational goal. It is based on how much raw materials, money, and people are necessary for producing a given volume of output. Efficiency and effectiveness can both be high in the same organization. Sometimes, however, managers’ efforts to improve efficiency can hurt organizational effectiveness, especially in relation to severe cost cutting. A good and proper organization system will boost the productivity of the organization and create a good teamwork in workplace.

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