In the Chapter 3 reading, I found cell metabolism fascinating because I never understood the concept of metabolism; all I knew was that mine is not the same as it used to be when I was in high school. Metabolism is a series of chemical processes in our cells, which allow humans to do a number of things, such as release and utilize energy from food, prepare waste in our bodies for excretion, etc. Reactions from metabolism is split into two categories: anabolic and catabolic. Anabolic is the reaction of putting molecules together, which uses energy, while catabolic does the opposite in pulling molecules apart, liberating energy. While vitamins and minerals help the process of metabolism, carbohydrates, fats, and proteins do not and get in the way.
I learned more about alcohol and alcohol consumption. Although ⅙ of adults in American have a binge drinking problem, moderate drinking can actually benefit middle aged Americans and their health. Moderate drinking for middle aged Americans, where a woman has one drink or a man has two drinks, can reduce risk of diabetes, strokes, and heart attack. I believe this is amazing because growing up and in school, alcohol has always been a “bad thing” or shed in a negative light, I never associated it with anything good. This fact is for middle aged Americans. Younger adults or teens have more negative effects in the consumption of alcohol. I found that amazing because it just shows that there is a pros and cons to everything.
I do not believe people realize how their bodies work, especially Americans. According to the Cleveland Clinic Newsroom’s Steven Nissen MD, “most Americans understand abstractly that being overweight or obese is not good for your health, but it seems we are not grasping that the leading causes of death and disability- stroke, cancer, coronary artery disease- are all adversely affected by increased weigh”; in this quote, we can see that Americans don’t know important details about how their body works in which causes bad health specifically. In this same website, they found that 87 percent of Americans do not link obesity to cancer. Science is confusing, especially how every little different organ functions, but it is important that we are educated and get others educated about how foods affect our long term health.
Learning about the human body/ digestive system has affecting my perspective personal about my own health because I became more aware about diabetes. My mother has had type 2 Diabetes for a while now, and I have always been asked by doctors and nurses about my family medical background without them giving me warnings about nutrition or life tips. I learned that diabetes is linked to obesity, so it is important to have all the proper nutrients and not go overboard with unhealthy food in the long term.
Because of my new awareness, I hope it will lead to changes in behavior. I want to have a more healthy eating pattern throughout my life and stay active to prevent from excessive weight loss. Like the book says, nurture affects nature when it comes to type 2 diabetes, so if I keep myself in check and stay aware with actions, then I can live a healthy life and prevent the day that condition comes knocking at my door.
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