Philip C. Johnson

During the 1900’s art was conforming to the chaotic world surrounding it, the financial, social, and political issues effect everyday life, but some people do not realize how art is constantly a response to these factors. The world of architecture was following in a loose context compared to the otherwise issues such as war and … Read more

Environmental relationship between humans and the environment is becoming closer

Argument Paper Increasing evidences showing that the environmental relationship between human and the environment is becoming closer and more complicated. The design of the environment and space affects people’s daily life and experience. The author Amos Rapoport, a famous designer, said that “The man-environment interaction is thus crucially linked by perception and cognition and this, … Read more

Design of an energy efficient building – research gap

As the government is promoting the ‘zero carbon’ housing by the implementation of sustainable design as well as using micro-generation technologies. To design a ‘Zero energy building’ (ZEB) and minimise the energy use in building two main strategies can be adopted – (1) Energy efficient measure and (2) integration of RETs to overcome the household … Read more

Why did Frank Lloyd Wright disagree with Bauhaus philosophy (form or function)

FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT DISAGREED WITH THE BAUHAUS PHILOSOPHY THAT FORM SHOULD FOLLOW FUNCTION WHEN HE STATED THAT ‘FORM AND FUNCTION SHOULD BE ONE’. WHY DID THESE TWO GIANTS OF 20TH CENTURY ARCHITECTURE CHAMPION CONTRARY OPINIONS AND IS FORM OR FUNCTION THE MOST IMPORTANT ASPECT OF THEIR WORK? INTRODUCTION: The potential for new building materials and … Read more

Relationship between music and architecture

Introduction Architecture and music have long been associated with: frozen music – frozen music was Goethe’s description of high architecture [Nikos Dontas, 2005], while music is often referred to in architectural terms – in Bruckner’s agreements we have descriptions such as: “cathedral”, the conductor “makes” and “builds” correlations. [Sven Sterken, 2007] Theories surrounding the relationship … Read more

To what extent Shah Jahan’s interest in architecture effect the political and economic aspects of the Mughal Empire under his rule?

Section 1: Identification and evaluation of sources The focus of this study will be “To what extent Shah Jahan’s interest in architecture effect the political and economic aspects of the Mughal Empire under his rule?”. Source 1 Extract from-“The New Cambridge History of India- Architecture of Mughal India”- by Catherine B Asher. This source is … Read more

Principles of Modern Architecture

The Modern Movement in architecture can be viewed as a reaction to the ‘Jugenstil’ or ‘The Vienna Secession’ of the early 20th Century. Using examples demonstrate how the Modern Movement contrasts with the principles of the established theories of architecture, art and design at the end of the 19th Century in Europe. Modernism in Architecture … Read more

Choosing a floor structure

2.8 Flooring To create accommodation within the restricted space, floors divide a building into different levels one above the other. Bottom-most floor of a building of ground level is called a ground floor. When the bottom-most floor is constructed below the ground level, it is called a basement floor. Floors above ground floor are top … Read more