The Invention of Radios

The Radio was the best invention in the 19th century that gave birth to whole field of electronics;however, radios are still being used today in so many ways regards to politics, economics,geography, and socially. Inventing radios have changed society drastically. The things being played on the radio we listen to today has a different purpose … Read more

Iron and its many uses in the world

Iron exists in all living organism as an irreplaceable dietary, needed for making hemoglobin in human and animal body. Iron is an important material that made up the needed appliances for our daily life. We can find iron and its alloy in skyscrapers, buildings, houses, tools, and many machineries. According to the Encyclopedia of Science, … Read more

Developments in Mechantronics

Introduction Recent development in mechatronics, what kind, why beneficial, what are those material, what brand. In depth later Composite has been used widely in many areas. It has since gained more popularity because of its unique properties compare to normal materials. In recent year, there has been many research conducted to study about useful composites … Read more

Metal Alloys

METAL ALLOYS An alloy is a blend of two or more metals. the blend can form a solid solution or it can be simple mixture, depending on the size of the crystals that form and how the homogenous alloy is Many people believe steel is an alloy of iron and nickel, but actually steel is … Read more


Concrete It is a composite material composed mainly of water, aggregate, and cement. Often, additives and reinforcements (such as rebar) are included in the mixture to achieve the desired physical properties of the finished material. When these ingredients are mixed together, they form a fluid mass that is easily molded into shape. Over time, the … Read more

Testing in concrete construction

Testing are important in concrete construction. Tests concerned with fresh concrete are to check the workability of concrete. Tests on hardened concrete are to find the strength, creep effects, durability, etc. Testing of Fresh Concrete Following tests are commonly employed to measure workability of fresh concrete: (1)Slump test (2)Compaction factor test (3)Flow test (4)Kelly Ball … Read more

Design a suitable counterfort retaining wall to support a leveled backfill of height 7.5m above ground level on the toe side

Design a suitable counterfort retaining wall to support a leveled backfill of height 7.5m above ground level on the toe side. Assume good soil for the foundation at a depth of 1.5m below ground level. The SBC of soil is 170kN/m2 with unit weight as 16kN/m3. The angle of internal friction is φ = 30o. … Read more

Design speed controller for BLDC motor with satisfied speed control characteristics

Brushless DC motors (BLDC) find wide applications in industries due to their high power density and ease of control. These motors are generally controlled using a three phase power semiconductor bridge. For starting and the providing proper commutation sequence to turn on the power devices in the inverter bridge the rotor position sensors required. Based … Read more

Importance of Preventive Maintenance

If you’ve been involved in the boating, yachting, or shipping industry you have undoubtedly heard the acronym for B.O.A.T – Break Out Another Thousand. When you own anything on the water, you recognize that it comes with high maintenance costs. Planned maintenance often gets overlooked because the changes in performance are seemingly insignificant. However, the … Read more

Feasibility of Prefabricated Deep Energy Exterior Retrofitting in Existent Housing to Reach Net Zero Energy Levels in the South Eastern Climates of Canada

February 4, 2019 Abstract In an effort to achieve 2030 targets set by the Paris agreement, Canada is in desperate need to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Residential housing accounts for 17% of Canada’s energy requirements and 16% of GHG emissions. Therefore, many are looking into greener alternatives to housing but with new constructions … Read more

Ultrasonic welding as a technology

Literature Review Introduction Over the years, in terms of the materials used in building aircraft and other aerospace structure, the aviation industry has evolved from wood and fabrics used by the Wright brothers to metals and composite materials seen today in commercial aircrafts such as Boeing 787 which is made up of 50% composites (Mraz … Read more

Advantages of Building Information Modelling

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT ABSTRACT BIM (Building Information Modelling), an innovative parametric software has seen widespread use in AEC design firms worldwide. BIM enhances the efficiency of the AEC (Architecture, Engineering and Construction) world to a point where buildings can be edited digitally in real time. BIM has recently attracted extensive attention in the Architectural, Engineering … Read more

Functional Safety international Standards

Abstract Functional Safety international Standard IEC 61508 gives functional safety for electro technologies (Electrical, Electronics and programmable electronics) and safety related technologies. IEC 61511-1 give the requirements for the specifications, design, Installation operation and maintenance of SIS (Safety Instrumented System) for process industries. And it has wide spread use in many industries and countries. IEC … Read more

Behavior of structures

Collapse load of steel frame works allowing for the effect of strain hardening, M.R. Horne and I.C. Medland , (1966). Concerned with an investigation into the behavior of structures composed of the new high yield-stress steel to B.S. 968 and the applicability of the plastic theory to the design of such structures. As part of … Read more

Data analysis

METHODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction In this chapter is discussed about methodology for this project. The process for the production of the final result of the project must be clearly understood of the project processing to the production of final outcome must be clearly understandable. There will give more effective way in order to give the best … Read more

Digital simulation of closed loop controlled boost converter for solar installation

Review Of Literature Overview: In this present work, we studied the various reference paper that are mentioned with proper discussion. The reference paper are shown as per the below: 1. S.Daison Stallon, K.Vinoth Kumar, Dr. S.Suresh Kumar, Justin Baby ‘Simulation of High Step-Up DC’DC Converter for Photovoltaic Module Application using Matlab/Simulink’.published there paper in I.J. … Read more

Radiation effects on semiconductor devices

1. Introduction Radiation effects on semiconductor devices are among one of the areas that are actively studied by researchers worldwide. For example, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has established a Center for Radiation Engineering and Science for Space Exploration (CRESS) at Prairie View A & M University that focus on reducing NASA astronauts and … Read more

Charles Algernon Parsons

Introduction Engineering is the capacity to apply scientific knowledge in a more practical way in order to produce new utilities. These results are obtained if there is someone responsible to study problems, plan solutions, verify economic and technical viability so that theses productions or developments can be coordinated, this person is called engineer. A big … Read more

Transmitting images over a noisy channel

4.1 Introduction This chapter presents the proposed for transmitting images over a noisy channel. The proposed method employs OFDM and chaotic encoder schemes to achieve distortion less and secure image transmission over the noisy channel. The latter part of this chapter discusses the brief overview of the tool used i.e., Mat-lab image processing and wavelet … Read more

Control system – stabilise frequency of voltage and generate electricity on demand

Design a control system that automatically stabilizes the frequency of the generated voltage at a certain amount, and to be able to generate electricity on demand Introduction Electricity consumption is rising on a global scale. This rise demands electricity generation whenever possible. Also, human feedback over the system can have many possible errors and is … Read more

How to write an engineering essay

A lot of students, when given the task of writing an engineering essay, make a lot of mistakes when writing their paper. When writing an engineering essay, it is recommended that you conduct a plan for your essay, and not just begin by typing your name, the essay title, and anything related to the topic that comes into your mind.

Planning your essay will enable you to write a paper, which has points and ideas that flow coherently. This guide will provide you with important tips on how you can write a high quality-engineering essay by directing you on how to plan, structure the paper, and write your points and ideas coherently.

The decision to write an engineering essay could be because the essay is part of your courses continuous assessment, application requirement, personal writing on trending topics, or a publication article in a periodical or newspaper column.

The objective of your engineering essay should be decided before starting the paper. The objective is the main information, which you want the reader to know using the essay. Remain focused to your objective and the reader from the start of your essay to the end. Structuring your engineering essay well will assist you in keeping the audience and the objective in mind in your essay. An engineering essay has the same writing structure as scientific writing. The following will help you understand how to write an engineering essay and how to structure it:


Provides the summary of what will be discussed in the essay. It is important that you structure it well because it is from this section that a reader will decide to continue reading the essay or stop. When writing your abstract, summarize the objective of your essay including examples supporting your argument, methods used to collect data used in the paper, research findings, and conclusions containing implications of the results.


An introduction provides you with a chance to instill interest in your essay topic. This is the best area to provide background information about your topic to enable the reader to understand the reason that prompted you to write the essay. An introduction of a journal essay will provide a review of current literature to define transition or difference in knowledge. When writing this section of the essay, ensure that you refer to previous works by other writers, and include reference of the sources. It is important that you avoid plagiarism because it is a serious offence.

Material and Methods

Learning how to write an engineering essay is not just about writing the essay itself. It also involves explaining where you got information from. The methods and steps used to solve the objective of the essay are discussed in this section of the essay. However, this section does not include any results. Ensure that you provide a brief description of methods used and a justification of the steps that you followed when writing the essay. This is the section where you describe the statistical or analysis techniques you used when providing interpretation of research findings. In case your essay has findings from an experiment, this is the right place to describe the methods and equipment you used to the reader. The description should contain enough details that can enable the reader to reproduce the experiments in another laboratory. For example, in a stress analysis problem, your description should include the steps you took in modeling the problem, simplifications and assumptions made during the experiment, boundary conditions, and considerations for the material used.


When presenting your research or experiment findings, utilise graphs or images to support your findings. Label all images and graphs used to present findings by including scales and units. A detailed caption when presenting findings in an engineering essay is important because it helps a reader who is not familiar with how findings are presented to understand them.


This section should focus on the reader by taking him back to the essay’s objective, and provide a description of the results in addition to showing how they relate to the topic of the essay. This is the section where you discuss the findings and anomalies encountered during your research. When writing the engineering essay, you need to relate these findings to previous research, and show how it relates to the discussion and topic of the essay.


Every essay must contain a conclusion paragraph. It summarizes what has been discussed in the essay. A conclusion can be in bullet points providing the recommendations of the problems discussed.

Referencing or Bibliography Section

After completing the essay, you need to include a list of all the references used in the essay. There are various referencing styles, which include APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian and Harvard. The following is an example of writing a reference or bibliography in various styles:

  • APA: Creme, P., & Lea, M. R. (2008). Writing at university: A guide for students. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  • MLA: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. Writing at University: A Guide for Students. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2008. Internet resource.
  • Chicago: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. 2008. Writing at university a guide for students. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  • Turabian: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. Writing at University A Guide for Students. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2008.
  • Harvard: CREME, P., & LEA, M. R. (2008). Writing at university a guide for students. Buckingham, Open University Press.

After you have finished writing your engineering essay, read your work to correct any grammar or spellings mistakes in the paper. This is important because poor grammar or spellings mistakes can make you lose many marks in your essay. In summary, when writing an engineering essay, make sure you plan your essay before starting it. After you have completed your essay outline, identify the objective of the essay and target audience. Make sure that you avoid plagiarism by including references on all sources used in the essay. Finally proofread your essay before submitting it.

Did you learn a lot from reading our free ‘how to write an engineering essay’ guide?

There are more engineering essays in our engineering essay repository.