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Aboveground-belowground biodiversity interactions/ possibility of managing soil life underneath crops

To date, interactions between crop and soil biodiversity are still not well predictable, but the idea that changing aboveground diversity will change soil biota is increasingly recognized. Specific soil organisms called nematodes have an important function in soil food webs. This research focuses on the effect of diverse grass-clover mixtures on the occurrence of nematodes … Read more

Water quality and demand

1.4 Water demand Domestic demand: This includes the water required in private building for drinking, bathing, gardening, sanitary purpose, etc. As per IS : 200 I/c/d (with fully flushing system) 135 I/c/d (for weaker sections and LIG).   Public demand:   Represents the water demand for public utility purpose like washing of public parks, gardening, … Read more

Greenhouse gases – how their effects shape populations & biodiversity of geographic regions

Introduction Greenhouse gases can be defined as, gases in the atmosphere (such as water vapour, ozone, CO2, NO2 and CH4) that absorb longwave radiation emitted by the earth and contribute to the greenhouse effect. This means greenhouse gases selectively absorb radiation from the Earth’s surface and re-radiate as heat. Therefore, the greater amount of greenhouse … Read more

How humans impact on wildlife (Grizzly bears)

Grizzly bears are majestic symbols of the wild. Grizzlies are massive animals with humped shoulders and an elevated forehead that contributes to a somewhat concave profile. Grizzlies once lived in much of western North America and even roamed the Great Plains. Grizzly bears require large amounts of secure habitat, but today’s reality, grizzly bears must … Read more

Effect of Using Sesbania sesban and Its Mixtures with some Summer Fresh Grasses on Lambs Productive Performance in New Reclaimed Soil

Abstract: The objective of this work was to study cultivation sesbania and its mixtures with sorghum or millet in reclaimed sandy soil, then utilization the green forages in feeding of growing lambs for 16 weeks in two stages (The 1st cut was fed in the 1st stage through the first 8 weeks and 2nd cut … Read more

Critically evaluate extent to which national policies/global governance can address environmental challenges

Using examples and theories, critically evaluate the extent to which national policies and global governance can address environmental challenges. This essay is going to look at air and water pollution in China and the issue of rising sea levels and the impact on small island states (SIDs). The pollution that industries such as oil and … Read more

Europe’s sustainability

Introduction In today’s generation, sustainability has been a topic of focus for many countries who are trying to develop practices that will preserve natural resources and better the everyday lives of their people. The EU has committed to promoting sustainability throughout their nation. In fact, the European Council adopted the first EU Sustainable Development Strategy … Read more

Emission and atmospheric fate and transport of pesticides

CMAQ and Pesticide Emission Model (PEM) were linked to evaluate the atmospheric fate and transport of chlorothalonil. CMAQ was updated to account for potential reaction of vapor phase chlorothalonil with the hydroxyl radical and sorption to secondary aerosol. Simulations were conducted for the 2011 summer agricultural growing season with two use scenarios: 1) fungicide application … Read more

Pro-environmental behaviour

Pro-environmental behaviour has become a crucial part of today’s society, it is defined as “behaviour that harms the environment as little as possible, or even benefits the environment” (Steg & Vlek, 2009, p. 1). Due to climate change and ongoing exploitation of natural resources, the importance of humans acting environmentally reasonable has become increasingly vital. … Read more

Governance options in developing sustainable management plan for the Loitokitok area, Kenya

I. Stakeholders There are several stakeholders that we have identified in a case study ‘Multiple methods in the study of driving forces of land use and land cover change’ which influence Farming/Cropping sector. They are the a government in a sphere of establishing policies at local and national levels, Maasai (locals), wild-life managers, migrants, land … Read more

Will Oil and Gas Remain Our Primary Energy Resource in 30-year-time?

Introduction When the pipeline in Titusville, Pennsylvania lined the bore holes to allow deeper drilling in the mid-19th century (, a brand-new industry began. It came at a time when emerging technology created new products from oil. The first commercially viable oil well Titusville, as well as the high demand for kerosene, triggered an oil … Read more

Relationship between humans and the environment

Argument Paper Increasing evidences showing that the environmental relationship between human and the environment is becoming closer and more complicated. The design of the environment and space affects people’s daily life and experience. The author Amos Rapoport, a famous designer, said that “The man-environment interaction is thus crucially linked by perception and cognition and this, … Read more

Industrial Pollution

Industrial pollution, especially heavy metal emission from the coal industry has negatively impacting our environment since the Industrial Revolution, and we still cannot see an end to it. Coal industry is one of the biggest sources of industrial pollution, such as the fossil fuel power plant. Increase in industrial pollution emitted into our environment has … Read more

Bleaching of Coral in Florida

Growing up in different parts of Florida, I have always found a connection to the ocean. I love going to the beach and also going boating. This past summer, I finally was able to go SCUBA diving which I’ve dreamed of since I was younger. I have a great appreciation for the natural beauty of … Read more

Increasing Energy Access to Close The Energy Gap

The United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 which seeks to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all people. Developing states often do not have the means to sustainably develop renewable resources and are often forced to maintain the use of conventional energies including coal … Read more