Industrial Pollution

Industrial pollution, especially heavy metal emission from the coal industry has negatively impacting our environment since the Industrial Revolution, and we still cannot see an end to it. Coal industry is one of the biggest sources of industrial pollution, such as the fossil fuel power plant. Increase in industrial pollution emitted into our environment has … Read more

Increasing Energy Access to Close The Energy Gap

The United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 which seeks to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all people. Developing states often do not have the means to sustainably develop renewable resources and are often forced to maintain the use of conventional energies including coal … Read more

Different Zones in Bangladesh

1. The Shelf Zone: The stable shelf zone occupies the northwestern part of Bangladesh and is composed of the Pre-Cambrian Indian platform. The area is characterized by limited to moderate thickness of sedimentary rocks above a Precambrian igneous and metamorphic basement. This unit is geologically stable that has not been affected by fold movement with … Read more

Analyze thermal & moisture performance of sustainable insulation materials

Research aim and objectives Both heating and cooling of buildings, in order to achieve thermal comfort levels, result in high demands of energy and expenses. Thus, depending on the climate prerequisites, people tend to use insulation building materials so as to reduce the energy loss through the fabric. At the same time, insulation materials play … Read more


The need to keep the world safe and a better place for the continuous existence of humanity cannot be overemphasized. This responsibility is the main focus for the formation and establishment of the UN. 2. 1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE UNITED NATION: In 1899, an International Peace Conference was held in The Hague to elaborate … Read more

Is the Formation of Newly Constructed Eco-Cities the Sustainable Future?

Rationale Throughout the dissertation it is going to discuss the effects of new “eco-cities” and how they will change the world into a more sustainable place. The definition of an eco-city is; “An Eco-city is a human settlement modelled on the self-sustaining resilient structure and function of natural ecosystems. An eco-city seeks to provide healthy … Read more

Concept of integrated water management and decision support

Introduction The topic of this essay is to relate the concept of integrated water management and decision support to an example of my country, including an example of how decisions are actually made. About 71% of earth surface is water covered, the ocean holds 95% of earth’s water ( yet there is not enough water … Read more

Climate change

Climate change refers to long term conspicuous deviation from usual prevalent climate bringing variation in normal temperature, rainfall and atmospheric circulation with abnormal expression in extreme climate such as floods, droughts, extreme temperatures etc. can be termed as climate change (Ghadekar et al, 2001). India produces about 24 million tonnes of potato from 1.32 million … Read more

Effects of Fluoride Pollution

Abstract An estimated 200 million people from 29 countries including India are severely affected due to fluoride pollution. Ingestion of fluoride beyond the WHO recommended permissible level (1.5 mg/l) is associated with dental and skeletal fluorosis and other toxic responses while inadequate intake of fluoride is associated with dental caries. Natural weathering of various minerals … Read more

Conflicts between wildlife and agriculture

Introduction Conflicts between wildlife and agriculture are increasingly challenging agriculture and wildlife agencies (Krebs et al. 1998, Miller et al. 2013, Miller and Sweeney 2013). Policy to address human-wildlife conflicts is often controversial (Messmer 2009). Developing policy to manage interactions between wildlife and agriculture has been identified as critically important (Jones et al. 2013), yet … Read more

Effects of Vehicle Mass Reductions

Abstract Environmental impacts of battery electric vehicles (BEV) and internal combustion engine vehicles have been broadly studied and compared. However, there is no evidence of studies comparing the potential effect of key factors such as vehicle mass reduction, life cycle inventories regionalization and electricity mix evolution in a Brazilian conditions scenario. The purpose of this … Read more

Crop disease detection through Deep Convolutional Neural Network

INTRODUCTION 1.1 OVERVIEW The agricultural land mass is more than just being a feeding sourcing in today’s world. Indian economy is highly dependent of agricultural productivity. Therefore in field of agriculture, detection of disease in plants plays an important role. To detect a plant disease in very initial stage, use of automatic disease detection technique … Read more