Intimate partner violence (IPV)

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a problem in society, but even with the abundance of research conducted in the field to better understand the behaviors and consequences involved in these types of relationships, inconsistency is a reoccurring issue. According to Hamby (2014), these issues will remain unresolved without systematic and technological advancements in the way … Read more

Social adjustment

Social Adjustment Social adjustment is an effort made by an individual to cope with standards, values and needs of a society in order to be accepted. It can be defined as a psychological process. It involves coping with new standard and value. In the technical language of psychology “getting along with the members of society … Read more

Fear and therapy

1A. Because both the therapist and the parents have different conclusions about whether Jerome’s fears dissipated, it is difficult to determine who is correct. There are many factors that go into it, but I primarily believe that the parents are correct. Jerome may be acting differently in therapy because it is not his own room … Read more

Parenting styles

Parenting style: The term “parenting style” focuses on how the parent acts and reacts to their child. This includes expectations, beliefs and values surrounding how parents support and punish their children. These run the range from unsupportive and controlling parents to warm, democratic mothers and fathers who let their children lead the way. Parents may … Read more

Sensory metaphors

The abovementioned examples of sensory metaphors show that even subtle, incidental physical experiences can unconsciously affect thoughts about metaphorically related targets. The majority of the conducted sensory metaphor experiments are related to social psychology, a branch of psychology that deals with social interactions, including their origins and their effects on the individual (person to person). … Read more

The Concept of Masculinity

The area of literary masculinity studies in general – and Victorian masculinity studies in particular – has come into its own zenith in the past twenty to thirty years. While it would not be accurate to say that masculinity studies have gained equal footing in studies on gender issues, the inclusion of examinations of masculinity … Read more

The id – freud

The id employs primary processes that produce a memory image of an object designed to please its wants and desires. This is accomplished in accordance to the pleasure-principle, in which the id seeks instant gratification of its desires in an irrational and dreamlike process in order to achieve wish-fulfillment. However, the experience of the id’s … Read more

Emotional Moods – A study

CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND 1.1 Introduction: When we talk about mood, it is typically described as having positive and negative valence. Positive, as in the mood that may be described as the elated feelings that one has and the negative are may be those that make people sad, depressed, or anxious. In … Read more

The connection between schizophrenia and crime

Introduction Recently, researchers have been keen understanding the relationship between Schizophrenia, substance abuses, and violent criminal behavior. According to the majority of these latest research studies, suicide is one of the most common criminal activity associated with Schizophrenia. History of past violence is another common predictor of violent crime associated with Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia patients with … Read more

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depressive disorder/manic depression, is a serious mental illness. This disorder leads to risky behavior that can damage relationships, careers, and even cause suicidal tendencies if it is not treated. Bipolar disorder is characterized by aggressive diversity in moods that range from manic to depression that can be anywhere from … Read more

Friendships and Romantic Relationships in Older Adults

There are many misconceptions of older adults and their friendships and romantic relationships. People in older adulthood still can maintain friendships though the potentially could differ from those friendships of someone in early adulthood. Friendship is important throughout all aspects of life as is sexuality and intimacy. Friendships don’t have an age limit. Many people … Read more

Communication styles between men and women

Introduction   Communication can be either verbal or nonverbal. Nonverbal communication can be delicate to correctly perceive. The major difference in the retrieval of nonverbal communication comes from the way men and women interpret it. Men and women use, interpret, and respond differently to nonverbal speech (Reiman, 2011). Understanding the differences in how men and … Read more

Things Productive People Do Before Bed

The most beneficial individuals all have certain propensities in their everyday schedules that add to their prosperity. They comprehend that their prosperity begins and closures with their mental and physical wellbeing, which is completely reliant upon their propensities before sleep time. In this way, here’re a few things effective and super beneficial individuals do that … Read more


ABSTRACT This report, through the process of observation, highlights theories and recommendations, for understanding and interpreting delays in children and young people’s developmental milestones. Through observation it transpired that the subject was not meeting the developmental milestones. Recommendations and suggestions to encourage and motivate the subject are highlighted. INTRODUCTION The aim of this report is … Read more

Chapter I – Adolescence

THE PROBLEM AND LITERATURE REVIEW Adolescence is a period of development that involves social transition that helps in shaping a new and more complex social environment. The rise of peer relationship is one of the most important transitions that happen during adolescence. Also, peers begin to be the primary source of adolescents’ social support and … Read more


Managing a mental disorder with psychological rather than medical means is known as psychotherapy. It is a process of sensing and deciphering patients and their troubles and developing explanations and answers. Psychotherapy methods can be placed into five general categories. The psychoanalysis approach, which most commonly identified with Sigmund Freud, focuses on modifying problematic actions, … Read more

Gender Dysphoria

Up until recent years, very little was known about Gender Dysphoria. Previously labeled Gender Identity Disorder, researchers had and still to this day have much to learn about the disorder. Surprisingly enough, the disorder wasn’t even added to the DSM until 1980, an that was done in order to ensure that transgender people could be … Read more

Domestic abuse

According to the NSPCC, domestic abuse refers to any act that involves a person controlling, bullying, threatening or being violent towards another individual, aged 16 or over, within a relationship. Nevertheless, the abuse is not always physical, as it also includes emotional and psychological abuse. It is imperative that people understand that domestic abuse is … Read more

PTSD across veterans

This article is extremely relevant today as we have an increasing knowledge of PTSD across veterans that is affecting their daily lives. We have men and women who are returning from war and unable to reintegrate into society, often resulting in problems such as alcoholism and losing their families which in extreme cases can end … Read more

How to write a psychology essay

Writing a psychology essay

Writing a psychology essay is similar to writing any other essay requiring planning, intensive research, understanding the topic, and research analysis before beginning to write the essay.

It is different from other essays in the sense that, a psychology essay questions about your understanding on a situation or reaction. For example, a psychology essay may question your understanding on the role that genetics play in collaboration with various environmental issues, which relate to schizophrenia’s two hit theory. The essay may specifically require you to relate your discussion on neurological antecedents, which are related to schizophrenia.

In any psychology essay, an individual first conducts research on the topic or question, and outlines the essay before proceeding to write the final essay. When the essay is complete, the following step involves reviewing the essay, and proofreading it. This guide will discuss how psychology essays differ from other types of essays, and provide a guide on how to write them. It is advisable that the opening paragraph captures the attention of your reader, and directs them to the topic of your essay. A good way to do this is by using facts, and statistics relating to the discussion of the essay.

Planning how to write a psychology essay

It is important to plan your essay carefully before starting it. Avoid looking at the key words and topic in a hurry, and begin writing the essay without planning. Suppose you are required to write an essay about neurological antecedents, which is related to schizophrenia, do not just write about antecedents and schizophrenia because the essay will not be focused on the main assignment. Planning gives you a good opportunity to organize yourself how you will attack the essay topic, the time you need to allocate for research, and what you need to allocate for writing the essay.

Research and analysis

Learning how to write a psychology essay involves a lot of research and analysis. The best place to start a topic research is in a University library with an academic database. Many university libraries provide access to various psychology databases, such as PSYCInfo and PSYCHNET Using these libraries based databases over the internet can provide you with relevant information through academic websites like, and These websites are both professional journals , and publish peer reviewed psychological articles. The internet provides an excellent place to conduct research by accessing the various professional association sites, which contain links to different sites containing related information.

In the writing stage, indicating references is easier when you highlight the phrases from a journal article. It is easier to remember the information you have highlighted when organizing the essay. This makes the information available including the reference.

Outlining the essay

Prolific writers can decide to avoid this part. An outline preparation is important in college essays because it offers a guide in writing the essay, and assists in organizing the essay. Preparing an outline helps you remain focused on the topic. Preparing an outline ensures that every important area of the essay is discussed and relevant information is used to support the arguments presented. An outline well prepared makes the work easy for you in writing the rest of the article by filling additional details from the reference on the various supporting points outlined.

Writing the essay

An essay’s flow is as important as its outline, which assists you to write the essay fast. The following essay areas may be used using or without subheadings.

I. Introduction

It is characterized by information, which captures the attention of a reader using figures, facts, and describes the background of the problem including the essay’s objective. For example, in a study to identify depression in various adoptive parents, signs and symptoms are similar to those for post-partum depression in mothers who have given birth although there is an insufficient record about this issue.

II. Research question

A research question should be identified after stating the topic area. A research essay or literature essay requires only the research questions. In a quantitative essay, a hypothesis on the essay is stated.

III. Literature review

This section of your psychology essay is intended to offer an insight into the research question using evidence presented in the various scholarly literatures. In the essay, your presentation is required to be followed by literature review in a critical analysis format.

IV. Conclusion

This section should summarize everything discussed in the essay, and to ensure that the reader does not have any questions, which need clarification. A good conclusion does not leave the reader seeking more information from the essay. Effective conclusions draw a reader’s attention using words like, “In conclusion…” which direct the reader to the concluding remarks.

Many psychology essays use the APA format. Another format commonly used is the Harvard style. It is important to take note of the paper formatting instructions because instructors deduct points when the correct paper format is not followed.

After you complete writing the essay, it is important that you proofread it to correct spellings, and grammar mistakes in the essay. Use an updated grammar and spell check software to check for all grammatical mistakes.

We hope you gained a lot from reading our free ‘how to write a psychology essay’ guide.