Is the gatekeeper concept applicable for the journalistic practice in the Czech Republic?

The origins of the gatekeeper concept date back to the 1940s. Kurt Lewin examined the psychological and non-psychological factors that influence how food ends on the family table. Lewin came up with crucial findings as he described his channel theory and the term of a gatekeeper – a person that decides what items will be … Read more

How does social media contribute to the proliferation of fake news?

Social media contributes to the proliferation of fake news:due to the existence of echo chambers, heightened reactions among users and the presence of bots on social platforms. Social media, a large part of the lives of many today, is a key contributor to the spread of misinformation within our society. Firstly, I will be talking … Read more

Why is it important to study the subject of ‘fake news’?

Social media is an almost inevitable part of today’s society. With the increasing popularity of various smartphone devices, more and more people are getting involved with social media. People from anywhere can connect with anyone, regardless of the location. Social media platforms are no longer only used to maintain relationships, but also to stay up … Read more

Develop Automatically Aggregated Real-time Election News Website (research proposal)

Introduction 1.1 Background of the Study Fake news is defined as a misleading information that facades itself as real news (Jennifer Allen, 2020). Its main purpose is to promote a specific cause (Erin May, 2017), and is often used to influence a person’s perspective, usually for political agenda. Experts now recommend avoiding the term “Fake … Read more

Advertisements disguised as journalism

Most online publishers use some sort of disguised advertisements on their websites. Today as a consumer it is near to impossible to separate the truth from the fake news. So, who can consumers trust to be candor? Even industry professionals like doctors are beginning to be held accountable for taking money from companies to endorse … Read more

Disinformation on Facebook

Facebook began as an online directory for college students in 2004 but has since ballooned into the largest social media platform in the world with over 2 billion users. Facebook has also become one of the biggest companies on the stock market, boasting a market capitalization upwards of $450 billion. With this success has also … Read more

Consequences of fake news and deep fakes

Realistic fake news and deep fakes are new phenomena that came to be as an adverse effect of being technologically advanced through the world wide web and enhancements to the technology itself. Fake news and deep fakes can be created by anyone and usually have a personal viewpoint underlying the piece of news that is … Read more

Is “fake news” a political concept used to undermine trust in journalism?

With the rise of populist politics, “fake news” has become a political concept used to undermine trust in journalists, journalism and news. Discuss using relevant examples. In an era of post-truth politics, nationalist populism has gained traction globally. From Brazil to the United Kingdom, populist leaders have taken power after mobilising disenchanted voters via social … Read more

The spread of misinformation during the Covid-19 pandemic

What is health misinformation? Health Misinformation can be explained as a health-related claim or fact that is false due to a lack of scientific evidence. The field of medicine has been confronted with the spread of false, inaccurate, or incomplete health information (JAMA, 2018). There has been frequent and increasing spread of misinformation on the … Read more

Impact of fake news (focus on Philippines)

In this century, where innovations and advancement of technology is prominent, there are also issues and problems that comes along with it. As technology continues to develop, social media plays a role in educating and voicing out the concerns of millions of people. Social media can be associated with a double-edged knife. We benefit from … Read more

Fake news (2017 Las Vegas shooting study, focus on Twitter)

Social Media has become more and more important in the lives of billions of people throughout the world we live in today. Now, due the current COVID-19 pandemic, people are viewing an increasing amount of social media posts daily and are becoming more reliant on the internet and our digital environment to communicate with friends, … Read more

Fake and biased news, and its impact on society

George Bernard Shaw, the Nobel Literature Prize winner in 1925, once adroitly stated, “Beware of false knowledge; it is more dangerous than ignorance.” Throughout history, fake news has affected societies in its countless forms and manners. Whether it be promotion of political propaganda or destructive rumors that are spread like wildfire, fake news has left … Read more

Deepfakes – history, examples, uses and risks

Introduction In the world of the internet and computers, one’s identity is the most important. Deepfake is a combination of “deep learning” and “fake”, deepfakes are hyper-realistic videos digitally manipulated to depict people saying and doing things that never actually happened (Taulli,2019). In other words, deepfakes use facial mapping technology and AI that swaps the … Read more

Manipulation of Photographs in the Modern Age: Where Do We Draw the Line? (draft)

In this essay I will be investigating potentially manipulated photojournalistic images, the way they have been manipulated, the ethical implications of the manipulations and the resulting consequences. The term ‘photographic manipulation’ can be applied to many different practices. Simply changing the brightness and contrast of an image is considered manipulation, as well as cropping certain … Read more

About fake news

Fake news is a term that is used to describe the dissemination of false information and malicious propaganda. It has become increasingly prevalent in the last decade, and its effects have been profound. Consequently it is not uncommon to find essays set on this topic. Fake news has a wide range of implications, from political disinformation to public health threats, and it can have a significant impact on the public’s perceptions and attitudes.

Fake news is a form of media manipulation. It is deliberately constructed and disseminated in order to manipulate public opinion and influence the outcome of elections and other political events. Fake news stories are often sensationalized and have a distorted view of the facts. They can contain false information, such as misquotations or fabricated sources, or they can be based on half-truths. Fake news is often spread through social media, making it difficult to identify and counter.

Fake news has been around for centuries, but it has become more prominent in recent years. In 2016, the US Presidential election was plagued by fake news stories. Russian interference in the election was seen as a major factor in the spread of false information. These stories ranged from false claims about Hillary Clinton’s involvement in criminal activities to conspiracy theories about Donald Trump. This misinformation had a profound effect on the public’s perception of the candidates, and it is thought to have influenced the election’s outcome.

Fake news has also been a major issue during the COVID-19 pandemic. Misinformation about the virus has been rampant, ranging from false claims about the effectiveness of certain treatments to conspiracy theories about the origins of the virus. Fake news stories have proliferated on social media, making it difficult for people to distinguish between reliable information and false claims. This has had serious consequences, as it has led to confusion and mistrust of public health authorities and has hindered the response to the pandemic.

The issue of fake news is a serious one, as it has the potential to undermine democracy and public health. Fake news stories can spread rapidly, and they can be difficult to counter. They can also be used to manipulate public opinion, which can have far-reaching effects.

The best way to combat fake news is to become an informed consumer of media. It is important to be aware of the sources of the information and to be critical of the claims being made. It is also important to be aware of the tactics that are used to spread false information, such as sensationalizing stories or using misleading headlines. By being an informed consumer of media, we can help to reduce the spread of fake news and protect ourselves from its effects.

Topics for discussion in your essay:

  1. The Definition of Fake News
  2. The Impact of Fake News on Society
  3. The Causes of Fake News
  4. How to Detect Fake News
  5. The Role of Social Media in Disseminating Fake News
  6. The Responsibility of Media Outlets and Publishers to Combat Fake News
  7. The Legal Aspects of Fake News
  8. The Influence of Fake News on Elections
  9. The Effects of Fake News on Journalism
  10. Strategies for Counteracting Fake News