Uncovering the Dark Truth of Iraq's Anfal Genocide: Kurdish Civilians Victimized by Chemical Weapons

 Anfal Genocide Deadliest chemical weapons ambush against non-militants Jaff Vincent V. Malagar Social Justice 12 Instructor: Mrs. Jakovac 12 December 2018 Word Count: For many centuries, Kurdish individuals have been battling for opportunity, acknowledgment, and freedom. With the desire to build up their own autonomous state, they have engaged in a severe freedom battle … Read more

Buczacz’s Genocide: How History of Occupation Led to WWII Ethnic Cleansing

 War and Occupation The only way to understand the 20th century is to understand what happened during World War II. Why are people instrumented to hurt human beings? What kind of reasons and excuses will entire societies and nations find for murders without any mercy? To understand these questions, we don’t need to look very far. … Read more

Why We Shouldn’t Celebrate Columbus Day: Honoring Native Genocide and Slavery

Schools all across America celebrate Columbus day. Kids are often taught the catchy phrase “In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue.” He supposedly discovered America and many honor him for this “heroic” actions.  We are constantly indoctrinated by lies because the truth is too inconvenient for most. No one pays attention to the ugly truth … Read more

The Cambodian, Bosnian and Rwandan genocides

Aristotle once said, “The angry man wishes the object of his anger to suffer in return; hatred wishes its object not to exist”(Pinker 2012).  Genocides are the eradication of a group of innocent people to please this hateful man.  It was all too easy to find three examples of violent genocides post 1950.  The more … Read more

Horrors of the Bosnian War: Uncovering the History, Genocides & Dayton Accords

 The government of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia in April 1992. Over the next few years (1992-1995), Bosnian Serb forces targeted both Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croatian civilians. These events included the killing of more than 100,000 people (80% were Bosniak), as well as the displacement of  2 million. … Read more

Addressing Past & Present Genocide: Exploring International Intervention

 1 Uzair Sattar Professor Amanda Donahoe PJS 150 – Special Topics: Genocide 10/24/2017 INTERVENTION AMIDST ‘ACTS’ OF GENOCIDE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE Introduction On April 28, 1994, during a press briefing on the situation in Rwanda, State Department Spokesman Christine Shelly said: “…we have every reason to believe acts of genocide have occurred.” In … Read more

From Holocaust to Myanmar: Uncovering the Politics of the UN’s Genocide Preventions

 For many, the United Nations is a vital international organization that aims to uphold international peace and security, with the responsibility bestowed on its Security Council. In spite of that, it has been subjected to many criticisms regarding its effectiveness and extent to which it has actually protected humanity. Despite past prevention and peacebuilding … Read more

Dr. Stanton’s 8 stages of genocide – the Holocaust

Throughout history several atrocities have been committed, among the most heinous, are genocides. Genocides are described by the United Nations as acts committed in whole, or in part, to destroy a national, ethnic, racial or religious group. Genocides have occurred in various parts of world, and to various groups of people. The focus of this … Read more

The mass genocide of Sikhs in India

Genocide is describe by the United Nations as killing members of a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group, deliberately inflicting conditions of life calculated to bring about the group’s physical destruction in whole or in part, imposing measures intended to prevent births within the … Read more

The genocide of Darfur

How would you feel to be without a home, family, and basic needs? What about having to struggle everyday just to live your life? If that is not bad enough, imagine being in a constant state of danger. The genocide of Darfur is rooted in decades of conflict and has lasting effects on the community … Read more

Are authoritative regimes with ongoing ethnic conflict more likely to commit genocide?

Introduction Genocide differs so radically from the ordinary political oppositions and rivalries that goes on globally. Ethnic competition for scarce valuables, for example, often occurs without overt conflict. Ethnic rivalry for the collective goods of recognition, respect, and prestige does not invariably lead to mass violence (Mirković). The wholesale killings that go under the name … Read more

Uncovering 8 Stages of Genocide to Prevent History from Repeating Itself

 Andre Mai Mrs. Shackelford CP Honors English 2 24 April 2018 Stop Before You Start     High school emphasizes educating students about the holocaust is important, but how does it affect us today? The Holocaust is the greatest humanitarian crisis in human history, resulting in the death of 6 million Jews and hundreds of … Read more

Genocide – public health impact

Introduction Genocide is a global phenomenon and has been present in every historical period. (Krain 2005: 363f) It affects all sectors of society: this includes agriculture, education, government as well as civil society. This causes a profound damage to social institutions that have long-term effects on the health and quality of life. In the light … Read more

The enumeration of ‘protected groups’ in the definition of genocide

“The enumeration of ‘protected groups’ in the definition of genocide should be developed to include any ‘stable or permanent’ group”. Critically discuss. The purpose of the essay is to discuss whether the definition of genocide be given a wider scope to include “any stable or permanent group” within the meaning of protected groups. While the … Read more

Genocide Watch

The mission statement of the Genocide Watch is “…to predict, prevent, stop, and punish genocide and other forms of mass murder. [They] seek to raise awareness and influence public policy concerning potential and actual genocide. [Their] purpose is to build an international movement to prevent and stop genocide” (Stanton, 2004). Their website currently warns of … Read more

The Cambodian genocide

The Cambodian genocide was the mass killing of approximately three million Cambodian people throughout the years between 1975 and 1979. This was executed by a communist group known as the Khmer Rouge, of whom had a common goal of eliminating those who were a threat to the maximization of production in the country. The ultimate … Read more

Who bears the biggest weight for failure – genocide in Srebrenica

On 22nd November 2017, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) sentenced to life imprisonment the former Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladić for his crimes committed against the Muslim population in Srebrenica and other war crimes during the Balkan conflicts. This was one of the last judgments handed down by the ICTY, which … Read more

What causes genocide to occur? What conditions that facilitate genocide are present in this new situation?

Questions: What causes genocide to occur? What conditions that facilitate genocide are present in this new situation? Based on your causation theory and given a new, current situation, will genocide occur? THESIS One prominent cause of genocide is dehumanization. In Armenia, this happened when “Rxxe and beating were commonplace. Those who were not killed at … Read more

UN Genocide Convention’s Failings in Rwanda, Darfur and Myanmar: Critical Analysis

 For many, the United Nations is a vital international organization that aims to uphold international peace and security, with the responsibility bestowed on its Security Council. In spite of that, it has been subjected to many criticisms regarding its effectiveness and extent to which it has actually protected humanity. Despite past prevention and peacebuilding … Read more

Exploring Sexual Violence during Rwandan Genocide: Its "Opportunistic," "Strategic," & "Practice" Dimensions

 Introduction Within academic debates, conflict-related sexual violence has been studied for many years. It is often referred to as a multidimensional phenomenon that varies from conflict to conflict (Wood, 2006, Grey & Shephard, 2012). However, it was only recently that the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) recognized the harmful effect of conflict-related sexual violence … Read more

Examine Atrocities: Is Forced Displacement and Persecution of Rohingya Genocide? ICC Must Decide

 Introduction – What date was Myanmar referred to the ICC – The ICC must now decided if genocide is occurring in Myanmar – Scholars and academics disagree on whether there is the mens rea to amount to genocide – The major issue before the ICC is if there if sufficient evidence of genocidal intent … Read more

Colonization and Reification of Nations: How Rwandas 1994 Genocide Was Sparked

 Nations and Nationalities Paper Two Megan Herrup 4/29/18 906097244 Within the case study of Rwanda, the 1994 genocide began as a result of the projection of internalized self-hatred that existed within the Hutu community, leading to group reification of the Tutsi as a result of Belgian colonization. This projection manifests itself into three key … Read more

The Horrors of the Belgian Congo: Exploitation, Genocide, and War by Terrible Rulers

 In the history of mankind, there has always been imbalances of power. Never has our race enjoyed and shared the abundance of resources, wealth, and economic power with one another. There has not been one point in human history, where all people were free of torment, grief, anxiety, hunger, poverty. The Belgian Congo has … Read more

Understanding the Historical and Legal Notion of Genocide: A Call for Prevention and Punishment

 An achievements in identifying the notion of genocide was made through very steady progress over the past decades in order to persuade prosecutors and UN officials responsible for initiating proceedings. Many academic scholars, as well as judicial bodies and politicians has debated about the legal concept of genocide with desire to fully apprehend the … Read more

The Horrors of the Khmer Rouge: Examining the Cambodian Genocide

 The Death Paddies In the past century alone there have been seven recorded and accepted genocides, and the total deaths from these genocides is about 16,800,000 people (Gavin). Besides the past century, there have been countless other genocides that have not been recorded. Eventually, following the slaughter of 6 million Jews in WWII, a … Read more

Uncovering What Pol Pot Did in the Cambodian Genocide

 Like a mousetrap tricks a mouse into willingly running into its death, a genocide leader fools its targets. Unfortunately, mass murders and genocides have been occurring all over the world for nearly thousands of years. Even in today’s civilized society, the word genocide is not an uncommon term. News channels broadcast headlines with gruesome … Read more

Cause of the Holocaust: Unresolved WWI Conflicts Led to Nazi Germany’s Genocide of European Jews

 PasteDiane Li Olavarri/Taylor World History/English 16 March 2017 Cause of the Holocaust It is a widely accepted idea that WWII was a result of the unresolved conflicts of WWI. The Germans had lost WWI and were given many restrictions and reparations by the Treaty of Versailles. Bitter about their unfair treatment, they sought to … Read more

Exploring How Race ID Cards Played a Role in Rwanda’s Genocide

 The construction of racial identity in Rwanda originated before its era of genocide was socially built. Along with this, the preparing of militias, stockpiling of weapons, church involvement, and construction of the massacres by abhorring radio also played a role in the buildup of the genocide. Racial disparities were unmistakably classified between the progressive Hutus and the second-class Tutsis. The Identification of the cards themselves spoke this … Read more

Exploring the Zero Opportunity of Colonial America: Native American Genocide, Trail of Tears and More

 Jarred Ligon Mr. Grisham U.S. History I 09 November 2018 Colonial America, The Land of Zero Opportunity Between the first settlers of Jamestown in Virginia through the rebuilding of America after the Civil War, early Americans searched far and wide and fought tooth and nail at a chance to grab an opportunity to prosper … Read more

History and Women in Pre-Colonial Rwanda: Examining Gender Dynamics Prior to Genocide

 During the Rwandan genocide of 1994, members of the Hutu ethnic majority in the east-central African nation of Rwanda murdered as many as 800,000 people, most of the Tutsi minority. Commenced by Hutu nationalist in the capital of Kigali, the genocide spread throughout the country with shocking speed and brutality. As ordinary citizen were … Read more

The Rwandan Genocide: A History of Ethnic Conflict

 Throughout history groups of people have tried to eliminate other groups for various reasons, such as religion, skin color, and ethnic background. But, these efforts have been made clear by the human race's refusal to ignite and participate in the act of systematic extermination. Unfortunately, in 1994 the global community collectively turned a blind … Read more

Exploring the Francoist Repression: History of Genocide in Spain During Civil War and Dictatorship

 The Francoist repression occurred during the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939, and continued afterwards during the Franco dictatorship, 1939-1975, and resulted in roughly 200,000 deaths (Preston, 2012). The repression included many genocidal acts, such as extermination, mass rape, and the transfer of children. The purpose of this essay is to examine the context in which … Read more

Examining Repression of the Spanish Civil War: Was it Genocide?

 The Francoist repression occurred during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and continued afterwards during the Franco dictatorship (1939-1975), resulting in roughly 200,000 deaths (Preston, 2012). The repression was aimed at a victim group which included Republicans, communists, freemasons, Jews, and feminist women. Genocide, as defined by the Rome Statute, is the act by a … Read more

German Legal System: Best for Limiting Free Speech and Prev. Genocides

 Which one of the three legal systems handles the limitation of free speech better? The model that handles the limitation of free speech best would be the German legal system. This is based on Germany’s provisions against genocide, hate speech, and the expansion of false news. Particularly, their history in relation to genocides such … Read more

Protected groups in genocide

“The enumeration of ‘protected groups’ in the definition of genocide should be developed to include any ‘stable or permanent’ group”. Critically discuss. The purpose of the essay is to discuss whether the definition of genocide be given a wider scope to include “any stable or permanent group” within the meaning of protected groups. While the … Read more

Genocides – holocaust, Sudan, Rwanda, Indonesia, Bangladesh, India, China

Imagine you are associated with a genocide that occur in an ancestors time? How would you react to these circumstances? What would you do? The term genocide was developed in most cases. This term become a part of legal, political, and ethnical vocabulary that respond to widespread hazard of violence against a group of society. … Read more

Genocides since World War II

Genocide repeat it and taste the salty tears of many just within one word. Genocide is the cruelty to others just because they are different. After World War II an event that lead the holocaust which is when Jewish where being sacrificed by burning them. However twenty six genocide events occurred after World War II … Read more

Writing essays on genocide

Writing an essay on genocides requires a deep understanding of historical events, human behavior, and the complex dynamics surrounding mass violence. This guide aims to provide students with a detailed framework to approach essay questions on genocides. Focusing on important topics, themes, and points for discussion, it will equip students with the necessary knowledge and analytical tools to tackle specific genocides or explore the broader concept of genocides in general.

I. Understanding Genocides:

  1. Definition and Key Concepts:
    • Begin by defining genocide and discussing the legal and academic definitions.
    • Highlight the key elements of genocide, such as intent, systematic violence, and targeting of specific groups.
  2. Historical Context:
    • Explore the historical context leading up to the genocide in question, considering factors such as political, social, and economic conditions.
    • Discuss the precursors and warning signs that may have contributed to the onset of the genocide.

II. Causes and Contributing Factors:

  1. Ideological and Political Factors:
    • Analyze the ideologies and political motivations that may have fueled the genocide.
    • Examine the role of propaganda, nationalism, and extremist ideologies in creating an environment conducive to mass violence.
  2. Social and Cultural Dynamics:
    • Investigate the social and cultural dynamics that played a role in the targeting and dehumanization of specific groups.
    • Discuss the impact of prejudices, stereotypes, and historical grievances in perpetuating violence.
  3. Economic Factors:
    • Explore the economic dimensions of genocides, including resource competition, land disputes, and economic disparities.
    • Analyze how economic factors may have contributed to tensions and ultimately led to mass violence.

III. Case Studies and Comparative Analysis:

  1. Selecting a Specific Genocide:
    • If focusing on a particular genocide, provide an overview of the historical background and key events.
    • Briefly introduce the main actors involved, including the perpetrators, victims, and international response.
  2. Comparative Analysis:
    • Compare and contrast the chosen genocide with other instances of mass violence, drawing parallels and identifying unique characteristics.
    • Analyze similarities and differences in causes, tactics, international response, and post-genocide reconciliation efforts.

IV. Consequences and Impact:

  1. Humanitarian and Human Rights Considerations:
    • Discuss the immediate and long-term consequences for victims, survivors, and affected communities.
    • Explore the violation of human rights during the genocide and the challenges faced in the aftermath.
  2. International Response and Justice:
    • Evaluate the role of the international community in preventing, mitigating, or responding to the genocide.
    • Analyze the effectiveness of international courts, tribunals, or truth and reconciliation commissions in delivering justice and fostering accountability.
  3. Healing and Reconciliation:
    • Examine the efforts undertaken to promote healing, reconciliation, and the rebuilding of affected communities.
    • Discuss the challenges and successes in addressing intergroup trauma and fostering long-term peace.

V. Lessons Learned and Prevention:

  1. Lessons from History:
    • Reflect on the lessons learned from studying genocides, emphasizing the importance of education, awareness, and intervention.
    • Discuss how understanding past atrocities can inform our actions in preventing future genocides.
  2. Prevention Strategies:
    • Explore various prevention strategies, such as early warning systems, diplomacy, humanitarian intervention, and conflict resolution mechanisms.
    • Analyze the role of international organizations, governments, civil society, and individuals in preventing genocidal acts.

Most common genocide case studies

When it comes to essay questions on genocides, a wide range of cases may be discussed depending on the academic level, focus of the course, and specific instructions given by the instructor. However, some genocides are more frequently addressed due to their historical significance and the availability of extensive research and documentation. These widely discussed genocides often include:

  1. The Holocaust (1933-1945): The systematic persecution and extermination of six million Jews by Nazi Germany during World War II. The Holocaust is one of the most extensively studied and documented genocides in history, making it a common topic for essays.
  2. The Armenian Genocide (1915-1923): The Ottoman Empire’s systematic extermination of the Armenian population, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 1.5 million Armenians. This genocide is widely recognized and studied, and it carries significant historical and political implications.
  3. The Rwandan Genocide (1994): The mass killing of approximately 800,000 ethnic Tutsis by Hutu extremists in Rwanda. This genocide, which occurred within a short period, has garnered significant attention and remains a subject of intense study and analysis.
  4. The Cambodian Genocide (1975-1979): The Khmer Rouge regime’s brutal campaign that resulted in the deaths of an estimated 1.7 million Cambodians. The Cambodian Genocide is often examined for its unique characteristics and the complex social and political dynamics involved.
  5. The Bosnian Genocide (1992-1995): The targeted killings, ethnic cleansing, and other atrocities committed by Bosnian Serb forces against Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croat populations during the breakup of Yugoslavia. This genocide raises important questions about international intervention and the failure to prevent mass violence in the post-Cold War era.

It is important to note that while these genocides are frequently discussed, other cases, such as the genocide in Darfur, Guatemala, or the Democratic Republic of Congo, also receive attention in academic discourse and may be the subject of essay questions. The selection of a specific genocide may depend on the curriculum, regional focus, or the instructor’s expertise and interests.

Ultimately, the aim of studying genocides is to understand the patterns, causes, consequences, and prevention strategies associated with mass violence. Therefore, regardless of the genocide chosen for an essay, students can explore important themes, lessons, and points of discussion relevant to the broader understanding of genocides as a tragic aspect of human history.